California Coalition for Immigration Reform
California Coalition for Immigration Reform (CCIR) was a Huntington Beach, California-based political advocacy group devoted to immigration reduction, with an emphasis on combating illegal immigration to the United States. According to the organization's website, its objectives were to "promote and expand citizen and legal resident awareness by a practical, effective communication network" and to "mobilize citizens and legal residents to support elected representatives and legislation" who favor immigration reduction. It is listed by the Southern Poverty Law Center as a hate group because it opposed immigration, and because its founder belonged to the Council of Conservative Citizens.
The CCIR was founded in 1994 by Barbara Coe, (1933 - 2013) who has served as chairwoman of the organization ever since. Of Sioux and European American ancestry, Coe was born and raised on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota. She was a police clerk. She was reportedly fired for using a department camera to photograph people she thought were illegal aliens.
The CCIR was a co-sponsor of California Proposition 187 (1994), which would have stopped public services such as education to illegal immigrants with public taxmoney. The proposition was approved by the electorate but overturned as unconstitutional by a federal court.
In 2006, a letter connected to Republican congressional nominee Tan D. Nguyen, was sent to 14,000 Hispanic voters in Orange County. It warned that immigrants who were citizens could not legally vote and may be deported if they did, which was untrue. It was issued on what appeared to be CCIR letterhead. The letter prompted a state and Department of Justice investigation, as it appeared to be trying to dissuade a targeted part of the population from voting. Nguyen said his office had not authorized it. Coe condemned the letter and said her organization had no part in it.
In the spring of 2010, Coe apparently sent an email that was eventually posted to an anti-immigrant list serv, where non-supporters also read it. It was inflammatory, advising supporters to vote for a particular candidate and to "lock and load" and prepare for "the time of reckoning".
In a July 29, 2010 email to supporters, Coe questioned whether Muslim Americans could become assimilated into U.S. society, writing, "However, since muslims subscribe to the teachings of the Koran – which is to torture/kill all non-believers – how do you suggest we ‘Americanize’ those who want us beheaded?” Coe wrote, "My efforts will be to share the TRUTH about these cold-blooded terrorists, urge others to strongly OPPOSE the building of mosques [terrorist training camps], and urge SUPPORT of all efforts to get them DEPORTED to their country of origin where they can commit their barbaric Satanic acts at will.”
Barbara Coe, the founder and chairwoman of California Coalition for Immigration Reform, died on August 31, 2013 at the age of 79.
- "Our Credo". CCIR. 1999. Archived from the original on February 5, 2012. Retrieved 2013-04-03.
- Sheehy, Daniel (2006). Fighting Immigration Anarchy. Rooftop Publishing. p. 150. ISBN 1-60008-002-2.
- WISCKOL, MARTIN (May 4, 2000). "Amnesty hurdles Assembly committee IMMIGRATION: Republicans refuse to back the plan, leading some to fear retaliation at the polls.;". Orange County Register. Santa Ana, Calif. p. A.06.
- Mcdonnell, Patrick J. (1997-11-15). "Prop. 187 Found Unconstitutional by Federal Judge". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-04-09.
- "CCIR Billboards". CCIR. 2000. Retrieved 2006-10-26.
- Wisckol, Martin; Dena Bunis (2006-19-19). "State investigates allegations of voter intimidation in California". Orange County Register. Archived from the original on 2006-11-02. Retrieved 2006-10-26. Check date values in:
- Delson, Jennifer (2006-10-17). "State Investigating Intimidating Letter Sent to O.C. Latinos". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2006-10-26.[dead link]
- Jill Garvey, "Wicked Witch Says Lock and Load", Imagine 2050, 14 April 2010
- Gustavo Arellano, "Barbara Coes Calls for the Deportation of Muslims, Says Muslims Train Mexican Drug Cartels", Navel Gazing blog, OC [Orange County] Weekly, 2 August 2010, accessed 9 June 2011[dead link]
- Woo, Elaine (2013-09-04). "Barbara Coe dies at 79; foe of services for those in U.S. illegally". Los Angeles Times.
- California Coalition for Immigration Reform archived from the original