California Country Park
California Country Park is a 100-acre (40 ha) country park covering Long Moor in the north of the civil parish of Finchampstead in the English county of Berkshire. It consists of lowland heath and bogland, including Longmoor Bog, a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) and Local Nature Reserve. The Park is managed by Wokingham Borough Council and is open every day throughout the year.
The Country Park is situated approximately 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) south of Wokingham and is bounded by Arborfield Garrison to the west, California to the east, the Nine Mile Ride to the south and what was once Barkham Common to the north. The site is 150 acres in size and features a six-acre lake.
In 1931, it was established as an amusement park and Zoo by Alfred Cartilage and was called 'California in England'. Alfred built the park so that he could use his Charabanc company, based in Teddington, London, to take parties of people from London to the countryside. The miniature railway was initially laid out to 10.25" but was soon changed to 18" and this lasted until the outbreak of the second world war when the park closed and all the buildings were used for the manufacture of munitions, mostly for the aircraft industry. Alfred reopened the park after the war and set about developing the rides many of which were designed and built onsite, including the famous Snake Train. The railway was reestablished as 18" gauge using a petrol powered locomotive. His son, Norman took over in the early 1950s and continued the development of the site . At this time the original miniature railway terminus station was moved to the outer north-western edge of the extended play and rides area. The track was extended across the bog and had a point installed with the intention of constructing a loop. Trackwork was never completed beyond the apex of the loop and it is here that after the park closed the last loco on the line was run off into the swamp. It is probably still there. The cleared area between the railway and the original rides was developed with extra rides. There was a small galloping horses roundabout , a full size 'chairoplane' , climbing frame ,swing boats and a concrete oval track. The latter was initially intended for petrol driven go-karts but these were a maintenance nightmare and were soon replaced by children's pedal cars of the Austin J40 and Pathfinder type. The removal of the original station opened up access to a further area of scrub which was cleared to provide a site for a circus which operated each summer for several years. The art deco main building, built around 1937, included a famous sprung glass floored ballroom over the restaurant and featured a full calendar of dances often 'with star turns' . This structure was destroyed by fire in 1976.
In 1930s, and lasting to 1950s the Park was home me to a speedway track, where local speedway team the 'The California Poppies' competed on the dirt track laid out in a remote corner of the estate.
In the early 1960s the amusement business was failing and the site obtained new owners who turned it into a holiday camp. Caravan and camping facilities are still available on site at the California Chalet and Touring Park but the main part of the original amusement area is within the country park and now largely overgrown.
- Mentha pulegium
- Centaurea nigra
- Rorippa palustris
- Circaea lutetiana
- Molinia caerulea
- Juncus effusus
- Juncus acutiflorus
- Juncus inflexus
- Potentilla erecta
- Lotus pedunculatus
- Potamogeton polygonifolius
- Carex rostrata
- Cirsium palustre
- Equisetum fluviatile
- Iris pseudacorus
- Angelica sylvestris
- Lycopus europaeus
- Dactylorhiza fuchsii
- Frangula alnus
- Dryopteris dilatata
- Blechnum spicant
- Glyceria declinata
- Lythrum salicaria
- Ranunculus flammula
- Hypericum pulchrum
- Persicaria maculosa
- Stellaria graminea
- Epilobium parviflorum
- Gnaphalium uliginosum
- Achillea ptarmica
- Typha latifolia
- Alisma plantago-aquatica
- Impatiens glandulifera
As well as offering walks and wildlife watching, especially around Longmoor Lake, there is a cafe, summer paddling pool, toddler swings and an adventure play area.
- "Longmoor Bog citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-03-30.
- "Map of Longmoor Bog". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England.
- "California Country Park - Country / Royal Park in Finchampstead, Wokingham - South East England". Visitsoutheastengland.com. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
- Author Christine (23 August 2014). "California Country Park, Berkshire". A family day out. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
- "The true story of Berkshire's California". Wokingham Remembers. 2015-07-24. Retrieved 2017-01-29.
- "Letter to Wokingham Post" (PDF). Retrieved 2017-01-29.
- "memoire-t_stubberfield-02". Arborfield-september49ers.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-29.
- "Natural England - Special Sites". Lnr.naturalengland.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-29.
- "California Country Park – 20 August 2016 « Reading & District Natural History Society". Rdnhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-29.
- "Natural England - Designated Sites View". Lnr.naturalengland.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-29.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to California Country Park.|