California Proposition 4 (1911)

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Proposition 4 of 1911 (or Senate Constitutional Amendment No. 8) was an amendment of the Constitution of California that granted women the right to vote in the state for the first time. It was proposed by the California State Legislature and approved by voters in a referendum held as part of a special election on 10 October 1911. An earlier attempt to enfranchise women had been rejected in 1896,[1] but in 1911 California became the sixth U.S. state to adopt the reform.[2] Nine years later women's suffrage was recognized at the federal level by the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. This prohibited both the federal government and all of the states from denying women the right to vote.

Women's suffrage was a part of the Progressive Era of reforms. On the same day as Proposition 4, voters enacted the modern system of direct democracy in California, by approving Proposition 7, which introduced the initiative and the optional referendum, and Proposition 8, which introduced the recall of public officials.

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