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|Song by The Messengers|
|Writer(s)||Ashford & Simpson|
|Recorded by||The 5th Dimension, Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell, Marlena Shaw|
"California Soul" is a pop-soul tune written by Ashford & Simpson, issued originally as the B-side of The Messengers' single, "Window Shopping" in 1967 under the Motown group of labels. It was then issued as a single by American pop quintet The 5th Dimension in late 1968, and also covered by Motown vocal duo Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell, and Marlena Shaw the next year. It was Marvin's and Tammi's last single together when released in early 1970.
Both the 5th Dimension's version and the Gaye/Terrell version were modest charted hits. The 5th Dimension's performed better, reaching number twenty-five on the pop singles chart. Marvin and Tammi's cover was the B-side of The Onion Song. The duo's version of "California Soul" reached number fifty-six pop but never charted on the US R&B chart. The duet was released after Terrell's death from a brain tumor in March 1970.
In 1969, Marlena Shaw covered the song on the album The Spice of Life. This version has appeared in commercials for Dockers, KFC and Dodge Ram trucks. A Diplo remix appears on Volume 4 of the Verve Remixed compilation series; this version was used in a late summer 2011 commercial for Target and was featured in the 2011 video game Driver: San Francisco. The original version of Shaw's cover also appears in the 2013 video game Grand Theft Auto V, played by the in-game radio station The Lowdown 91.1.
The song also appears on the 1970 LP War and Peace by Edwin Starr. The following year, the experimental vocal band The Undisputed Truth released this song on their debut album The Undisputed Truth, produced and arranged by Norman Whitfield.
The song is sampled by Gang Starr in their song "Check the Technique". Also sampled by Stereo MC's in their song "Sofisticated". Also sampled by United Game Artists in their cover of "Fear is the Mindkiller" by Adam Freeland featured in the game Rez.
The band Jamiroquai covered the song live during their 2011 European tour.
The 5th Dimension version
- All vocals by The 5th Dimension: Billy Davis, Jr., Marilyn McCoo, Florence LaRue, Lamonte McLemore, and Ron Townson
- Written by Ashford & Simpson
- Produced by Bones Howe
Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell version
- All vocals by Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell/Valerie Simpson
- Written and produced by Ashford & Simpson
- Instrumentation by The Funk Brothers
- Whitburn, Joel (2004). The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits: Eighth Edition. Record Research. p. 222.
- Whitburn, Joel (2004). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942-2004. Record Research. p. 225.
- 2014 Dodge Ram 1500 Ad - YouTube Video
- "Video games: Grand Theft Auto V - the best bits". Evening Times. Retrieved 29 September 2013.