California State Route 86
|Defined by Streets and Highways Code § 386|
|Maintained by Caltrans|
|Length||90.67 mi (145.92 km)|
|Existed||1964 renumbering (from US 99)–present|
|South end||SR 111 near Calexico|
|North end||I-10 in Indio|
State Route 86 (SR 86) is a north–south state highway in the U.S. State of California that connects the Imperial and Coachella valleys in the southeastern desert region of the state. It runs from State Route 111 near the Mexican border crossing at Calexico north through the Imperial Valley via El Centro and Brawley, and around the west side of the Salton Sea into the Coachella Valley. It then goes through Coachella before terminating at Interstate 10 in Indio.
SR 86 begins at an intersection with SR 111 just east of the town of Heber as Heber Road. After traveling west through Heber and intersecting CR S31, SR 86 turns north and enters the city of El Centro as 4th Street, having an interchange with I-8. Passing through downtown El Centro, SR 86 intersects Main Street (CR S80) before curving to the west as Adams Avenue. The highway continues north on Imperial Avenue before entering the city of Imperial and passing by Imperial County Airport. SR 86 continues north through Imperial before leaving the city limits.
North of Imperial, SR 86 intersects CR S27 before making a turn to the northeast and entering the city of Brawley. It passes to the west of downtown as Western Avenue before turning west onto Main Street and running concurrently with SR 78. SR 78 and 86 turn northwest before passing through the city of Westmoreland and intersecting CR S30. After briefly turning west, SR 78 and 86 turn northwest again and pass through Elmore and Kane Spring before SR 78 turns west towards San Diego County and SR 86 continues northwest along the western edge of the Salton Sea, intersecting CR S22. SR 86 passes through Torres-Martinez Indian Reservation and Coolidge Spring before entering Riverside County.
Just north of the county line in Oasis, SR 86 continues north on an expressway, and turns away from the Salton Sea as it heads through farmland. The route then meets SR 111, and turns northwest, running parallel to that highway. As it nears Indio, the expressway turns into a freeway. SR 86 ends at an interchange with I-10.
SR 86 is part of the California Freeway and Expressway System, and north of the southern SR 78 junction is part of the National Highway System, a network of highways that are considered essential to the country's economy, defense, and mobility by the Federal Highway Administration.
In the late 20th century, SR 86 had a rather notorious reputation for frequent and often fatal collisions. For much of its length, especially between the southern tip of the Coachella Valley to the Imperial County line, SR 86 was a two-lane road with easy access from rural side roads. A driver trying to pass might find himself headed straight for the side of another vehicle pulling out from one of the side roads. This reputation earned SR 86 the nickname "Blood Alley".
Originally a part of U.S. Route 99 until the 1960s, the northern end of SR 86 was widened and rerouted through the new and rather unusually numbered "86S Expressway" (for “supplemental”) soon after the signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), making SR 86 a four- or six-lane highway for most of its length. Since it is easier to enter California from the Imperial Valley than through San Diego, SR 86 sees a great deal of truck traffic to and from Mexico, earning it still another nickname, "The NAFTA Highway". The new highway has proven to be at least as dangerous as the old alignment owing to much the same problems of poorly marked and uncontrolled side roads. A rash of fatal crashes in early 2005 prompted the city of Coachella to push Caltrans for the installation of at least two more traffic signals on SR 86S.
State Route 86S (SR 86S) was an expressway in the running through the Coachella Valley. In December 2012, the SR 86 designation was transferred to the routing of SR 86S, and SR 86S ceased to exist. State Route 195 was removed from the state highway system as a result. SR 86 was originally truncated to Avenue 46, but the State Route 86S expressway, which replaced SR 86 around the east side of Coachella and Indio, did reach I-10.
Except where prefixed with a letter, postmiles were measured on the road as it was in 1964, based on the alignment that existed at the time, and do not necessarily reflect current mileage. R reflects a realignment in the route since then, M indicates a second realignment, L refers an overlap due to a correction or change, and T indicates postmiles classified as temporary ( ). Segments that remain unconstructed or have been relinquished to local control may be omitted. The numbers reset at county lines; the start and end postmiles in each county are given in the county column.
|||R0.00||Heber Road||Continuation beyond SR 111|
|Heber||R0.00||SR 111 – Brawley, Calexico|
|2.08||CR S31 (Dogwood Road)|
|El Centro||6.01||I-8 – Yuma, San Diego||Interchange; south end of I-8 Bus. overlap; I-8 exit 115|
|L7.31||CR S80 east (Main Street) – Holtville||South end of CR S80 overlap|
|I-8 BL west (Imperial Avenue) / CR S80 west (Adams Avenue) to I-8 – San Diego||North end of CR S80 / I-8 Bus. overlap|
|Imperial||10.82||CR S28 (Barioni Boulevard)|
|||15.32||CR S27 (Keystone Road)|
|Brawley||20.63||Main Street, 1st Street – Blythe||Former SR 78 east|
|||||SR 78 east / Fredricks Road||South end of SR 78 overlap|
|Westmorland||||CR S26 (Boarts Road)|
|27.51||CR S30 (Center Street)|
|||43.56||SR 78 west – Julian, Oceanside||North end of SR 78 overlap|
|Salton City||56.12||CR S22 (Borrego-Salton Seaway) / South Marina Drive – Borrego Springs, Anza-Borrego, Park Headquarters|
|||63.63||Brawley Avenue – Salton Sea Beach|
|Desert Shores||66.14||Desert Shores Drive|
|||R12.48||66th Avenue to SR 111 – Niland, Calipatria, Mecca|
|Coachella||R16.74||Airport Boulevard||Interchange; signed as exit 16|
|||50th Avenue, Tyler Street|
|||South end of freeway|
|Coachella–Indio line||R22.16||Dillon Road (I-10 Bus.) to I-10 east||Interchange|
|Indio||R23.00||I-10 west – Los Angeles||Northbound exit and southbound entrance; I-10 exit 145 eastbound, 146 westbound|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- California Department of Transportation (July 2007). "Log of Bridges on State Highways". Sacramento: California Department of Transportation.
- "California Highways: State Route 86". Retrieved November 1, 2014.
- San Diego County Street Atlas (Map). Thomas Brothers. 2009.
- Google (April 6, 2011). "SR 86S" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved April 6, 2011.
- "Article 2 of Chapter 2 of Division 1". California Streets and Highways Code. Sacramento: California Office of Legislative Counsel. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
- Federal Highway Administration (March 25, 2015). National Highway System: California (South) (PDF) (Map). Scale not given. Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- Natzke, Stefan; Neathery, Mike & Adderly, Kevin (June 20, 2012). "What is the National Highway System?". National Highway System. Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved July 1, 2012.
- "Route Concept Fact Sheet: State Route 86/State Route 86S" (PDF). California Department of Transportation, District 8. Retrieved February 12, 2013.
- "News Release: STATE ROUTE 86S IS NO LONGER A "Supplemental" ROUTE" (PDF). California Department of Transportation.
- California Department of Transportation. "State Truck Route List". Sacramento: California Department of Transportation. Archived from the original (XLS file) on June 30, 2015. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
- California Department of Transportation, All Traffic Volumes on CSHS, 2005 and 2006
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