California State Senate
California State Senate
|California State Legislature|
|Elected before 2012:|
2 terms (8 years)
Elected 2012 and after:
3 terms (12 years)
New session started
|December 3, 2018|
Length of term
|Authority||Article 4, California Constitution|
|Salary||$110,459/year + per diem|
|November 6, 2018 (20 seats)|
|November 3, 2020 (20 seats)|
|Redistricting||California Citizens Redistricting Commission|
|Senatoris est civitatis libertatem tueri|
("It is a senator's duty to protect the liberty of the people.")
|State Senate Chamber|
California State Capitol
The California State Senate is the upper house of the California State Legislature, the lower house being the California State Assembly. The State Senate convenes, along with the State Assembly, at the California State Capitol in Sacramento.
Due to a combination of the state's large population and relatively small legislature, the State Senate has the largest population per state senator ratio of any state legislative house. In the United States House of Representatives, California is apportioned 53 U.S. Representatives, each representing approximately 704,566 people, while in the California State Senate, each of the 40 State Senators represents approximately 931,349 people. This means that California State Senators each represent more people than California's members of the House of Representatives.
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Prior to 1967, state legislative districts were drawn according to the "Little Federal Model" by which Assembly seats were drawn to according to population and Senate seats were drawn according to county lines. The guidelines were that no Senate district would include more than three counties and none would include less than one complete county. This led to the situation of a populous county such as Los Angeles County (1960 population of 6 million) being accorded the same number of state senators (one) as less populous counties such as Alpine County (1960 pop. 397). In Reynolds v. Sims, the United States Supreme Court compelled all states to draw up districts with equal population. As such, boundaries were changed to comply with the ruling.
The Lieutenant Governor is the ex officio President of the Senate, and may only cast a vote to break a tie. The President pro tempore is elected by the majority party caucus, followed by confirmation of the full Senate. Other leaders, such as the majority and minority leaders, are elected by their respective party caucuses according to each party's strength in the chamber.
Terms of office
Each state senator represents a population roughly equivalent to the State of Delaware. As a result of Proposition 140 in 1990 and Proposition 28 in 2012, members elected to the legislature prior to 2012 are restricted by term limits to two four-year terms (eight years), while those elected in or after 2012 are allowed to serve 12 years in the legislature in any combination of four-year State Senate or two-year State Assembly terms.
Members of the State Senate serve four-year terms. Every two years, half of the Senate's 40 seats are subject to election. This is in contrast to the State Assembly, in which all 80 seats in the Assembly are subject to election every two years.
The red tones of the California State Senate Chamber are based on the British House of Lords, which is outfitted in a similar color. The dais rests along a wall shaped like an "E", with its central projection housing the rostrum. The Lower tier dais runs across the entire chamber, there are several chairs and computers used by the senate officers, the most prominent seat is reserved for the secretary who calls the roll. The higher tier is smaller, with three chairs, the two largest and most ornate chairs are used by the President Pro Tempore (right chair) and the Lieutenant Governor (left chair). The third and smallest chair, placed in the center, is used by the presiding officer (acting in place of the Pro Tem) and is rarely sat in as the president is expected to stand. There are four other chairs flanking the dais used by the highest non-member officials attending the senate, a foreign dignitary or state officer for example. Each of the 40 senators is provided a desk, microphone and two chairs, one for the senator, another for guests or legislative aides. Almost every decorating element is identical to the Assembly Chamber. Along the cornice appears a portrait of George Washington and the Latin quotation: senatoris est civitatis libertatem tueri ("It is a senator's duty to protect the liberty of the people").
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of previous legislature||26||14||40||0|
|January 7, 2019||28||10||38||2|
|June 4, 2019||29||11||40||0|
|November 1, 2019||10||39||1|
|May 18, 2020||11||40||0|
|Latest voting share||72.5%||27.5%|
|Lieutenant Governor||Eleni Kounalakis||Democratic||California|
|President pro tempore||Toni Atkins||Democratic||39th–San Diego|
|Majority leader||Robert Hertzberg||Democratic||18th–Van Nuys|
|Assistant majority leader||Mike McGuire||Democratic||2nd–Healdsburg|
|Majority whip||Nancy Skinner||Democratic||9th–Berkeley|
|Assistant majority whips||Maria Elena Durazo||Democratic||24th–Los Angeles|
|Scott Wiener||Democratic||11th–San Francisco|
|Democratic caucus chair||Connie Leyva||Democratic||20th–Chino|
|Minority leader||Shannon Grove||Republican||16th–Bakersfield|
|Sergeant-at-Arms||Jodie O. Barnett III|
|Chaplain||Sister Michelle Gorman, RSM|
The Secretary, the Sergeant-at-Arms, and the Chaplain are not members of the Legislature.
|District||Name||Party||Residence||First elected||Term limited||Notes|
|1||Brian Dahle||Republican||Bieber||2019||2024||Previously served as Minority Leader of the California State Assembly|
|4||Jim Nielsen||Republican||Red Bluff||2013||2022||Previously served from 1978 to 1990|
|11||Scott Wiener||Democratic||San Francisco||2016||2028|
|13||Jerry Hill||Democratic||San Mateo||2012||2020|
|15||Jim Beall||Democratic||San Jose||2012||2020|
|16||Shannon Grove||Republican||Bakersfield||2018||2026||Minority Leader|
|18||Robert Hertzberg||Democratic||Van Nuys||2014||2022||Majority Leader. Previously served as Speaker of the Assembly|
|19||Hannah-Beth Jackson||Democratic||Santa Barbara||2012||2020|
|21||Scott Wilk||Republican||Santa Clarita||2016||2024|
|22||Susan Rubio||Democratic||Baldwin Park||2018||2030|
|23||Mike Morrell||Republican||Rancho Cucamonga||2014||2020|
|24||Maria Elena Durazo||Democratic||Los Angeles||2018||2030|
|25||Anthony Portantino||Democratic||La Cañada Flintridge||2016||2024|
|26||Ben Allen||Democratic||Santa Monica||2014||2026|
|28||Melissa Melendez||Republican||Lake Elsinore||2020||2022|
|29||Ling Ling Chang||Republican||Diamond Bar||2018||2024|
|30||Holly Mitchell||Democratic||Los Angeles||2013||2022|
|32||Bob Archuleta||Democratic||Pico Rivera||2018||2030|
|33||Lena Gonzalez||Democratic||Long Beach||2019||2032|
|34||Tom Umberg||Democratic||Santa Ana||2018||2026|
|36||Patricia Bates||Republican||Laguna Niguel||2014||2022|
|37||John Moorlach||Republican||Costa Mesa||2015||2028|
|39||Toni Atkins||Democratic||San Diego||2016||2024||President pro tempore. Previously served as Speaker of the State Assembly|
|40||Ben Hueso||Democratic||San Diego||2013||2022|
- : elected in a special election
- : elected in a recall election
Past composition of the Senate
Current committees include:
- Senate Committee on Agriculture
- Senate Committee on Appropriations
- Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Fiscal Oversight and Bonded Indebtedness
- Senate Committee on Banking and Financial Institutions
- Senate Committee on Budget and Fiscal Review
- Senate Budget Subcommittee No. 1 on Education
- Senate Budget Subcommittee No. 2 on Resources
- Senate Budget Subcommittee No. 3 on Health and Human Services
- Senate Budget Subcommittee No. 4 on State Administration and General Government
- Senate Budget Subcommittee No. 5 on Corrections
- Senate Committee on Business, Professions and Economic Development
- Senate Committee on Education
- Senate Education Subcommittee on Sustainable School Facilities
- Senate Committee on Elections and Constitutional Amendments
- Senate Committee on Energy, Utilities and Communications
- Senate Committee on Environmental Quality
- Senate Committee on Governmental Organizations
- Senate Committee on Governance and Finance
- Senate Committee on Health
- Senate Committee on Human Services
- Senate Committee on Insurance
- Senate Committee on Judiciary
- Senate Committee on Labor and Industrial Relations
- Senate Committee on Legislative Ethics
- Senate Committee on Natural Resources and Water
- Senate Natural Resources and Water Subcommittee on Urban Rivers
- Senate Committee on Public Employment and Retirement
- Senate Committee on Public Safety
- Senate Committee on Rules
- Senate Committee on Transportation and Housing
- Senate Committee on Veterans Affairs
- Joint Committee on Arts
- Joint Committee on Fairs, Allocation and Classification
- Joint Committee on Fisheries and Aquaculture
- Joint Committee on Legislative Audit
- Joint Committee on Rules
- Joint Legislative Budget
- Joint Legislative Committee on Emergency Management
- Senate Office of Research
- Senate Office of Demographics
- Senate Office of Floor Analysis
- Senate Office of International Relations
- Senate Office of Oversight and Outcomes
- Bill (proposed law)
- California State Senate districts
- California State Senate election, 2018
- California State Legislature
- California State Legislature, 2019–20 session
- California State Assembly
- California State Capitol
- California State Capitol Museum
- Districts in California
- Members of the California State Legislature
- "Apportionment Data". United States Census Bureau.
- "Senate Roster". State of California.
- "California Constitution Article 4; Legislative". California Office of Legislative Counsel. Archived from the original on February 23, 2019. Retrieved February 23, 2019.
- Republican Ted Gaines (District 1) and Democrat Ricardo Lara (District 33) resigned to take office on the State Board of Equalization and as State Insurance Commissioner, respectively.
- Republican Brian Dahle (District 1) and Democrat Lena Gonzalez (District 33) elected to replace Republican Ted Gaines and Democrat Ricardo Lara.
- Republican Jeff Stone (District 28) resigned to become Western Regional Director of the United States Department of Labor.
- Republican Melissa Melendez (District 28) was sworn in to replace Jeff Stone, who had resigned to become Western Regional Director of the United States Department of Labor.
- "Brian Dahle defeats Kevin Kiley in Tuesday's state Senate District 1 race". The Sacramento Bee. June 4, 2019.
- "California Senate Committees". Open States. Sunlight Foundation. 2014-04-09. Retrieved 2014-04-09.