California State University, Fullerton, massacre
|Cal State Fullerton massacre|
|Location||Fullerton, California, United States|
|Date||July 12, 1976|
|Target||California State University, Fullerton|
|Weapons||.22 caliber semi-automatic rifle|
|Perpetrator||Edward Charles Allaway|
The California State University, Fullerton, massacre was an incident of mass murder committed by a custodian, Edward Charles Allaway, on July 12, 1976, at California State University, Fullerton, in Fullerton, California. It was the worst mass murder in Orange County until the 2011 Seal Beach shooting, in which eight people died.
Allaway had a history of violence and mental illness. He was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia and found insane by a judge after being convicted by a jury. He was initially imprisoned at Patton State Hospital under medical treatment. In 2016 he was transferred to Napa State Hospital where he currently[when?] lives.
The gunman, 37-year-old Edward Charles Allaway, was a custodian at the university's library. Armed with a semi-automatic rifle he purchased at a Buena Park Kmart, Allaway killed seven people and injured two others in the library's first-floor lobby and at the building's Instructional Media Center (IMC), located in the basement. Allaway fled the school campus, went to a nearby hotel in Anaheim, where his former wife worked, and telephoned police to report his actions. He told them, "I went berserk at Cal State Fullerton, and I committed some terrible act. I'd appreciate it if you people would come down and pick me up. I'm unarmed, and I'm giving myself up to you."
Allaway was found guilty of six counts of first degree murder and one count of second degree murder. A second phase of the trial determined that he was not sane. Five different mental health professionals diagnosed him with paranoid schizophrenia.
He presented a history of mental illness, as he had tried to commit suicide and had been hospitalized and treated with electroconvulsive therapy in the past. He was committed to the California state mental hospital system, beginning at Atascadero State Hospital. He was then transferred and held at Patton State Hospital in San Bernardino. In 2016, he was transferred to the less secure Napa State Hospital. The families of Allaway's victims protested his transfer.
Allaway's apparent motive was that he had delusions that pornographers were forcing his wife to appear in movies. The couple had separated over Memorial Day Weekend 1976 after a blow-up. His wife had filed for divorce shortly before Allaway attacked co-workers at the university.
The defense alleged that library staff members screened commercial pornographic movies before library opening hours and in break rooms, but Allaway's wife was not in them.
In total 7 people died and another 2 were injured.
Trial and release hearings
After a 1977 jury convicted Allaway of murder but deadlocked in the sanity phase of the trial, a judge found Allaway not guilty by reason of insanity. By law, defendants found insane are committed to a mental institution until they are found sane. Allaway remained institutionalized at Patton State Hospital for a number of years. During his time at Patton, Allaway made several failed petitions to the courts asking for his release. He was eventually transferred to Napa State Hospital in 2016 where he currently resides.
In the summer of 2009, officials at Patton indicated that Allaway was asymptomatic, had not needed medication, and they would recommend his release. The district attorney contacted the governor and the state mental health director to protest the hospital's planned action, given his history of violence and the mass murder. Patton withdrew the recommendation for release a few months later.
- "9 Shot at Cal State Fullerton". Orange County Register (Evening ed.). July 12, 1976.
- Paige Austin (October 9, 2011). "Eight Dead in Shooting at Salon, Worst Massacre in O.C. History". Laguna Beach Patch.
- Greg Hardesty (August 21, 2013). "Release blocked for county's worst mass killer". Orange County Register.
- Frank Shyong (August 20, 2016). "Cal State Fullerton killer's hospital transfer sparks protests from his victims' families". Los Angeles Times.
- "Janitor kills 6 in shooting spree". Columbia Missourian (Columbia, Missouri). July 13, 1976.
- "Slayer goes to mental hospital". Los Angeles Times, reprinted in The Tuscaloosa News (Tuscaloosa, Alabama). November 18, 1977.
- Thao Hua (May 25, 1998). "Mass Slayer Seeks Release From Mental Facility". Los Angeles Times.
- Robin Hinch (January 9, 1998). "OBITUARY: Ernest Becker, 83, pioneering dean at CSUF". The Orange County Register (Morning ed.). p. B05.
Among various professional achievements, he'll be remembered for an elephant race
- Jeff Collins (May 14, 1991). "Man who killed 7 at CSUF in '76 says it's time state released him". Orange County Register. p. A01.
- Bryon MacWilliams (July 13, 1994). "Fullerton mass-murderer Allaway makes another bid for his release: Once found criminally insane, the killer wants to be placed in a community-based mental facility". Orange County Register (Morning ed.). p. B01.
- Smith, Nicole M. (May 15, 2006). "History of a Cal State Fullerton Killer". The Daily Titan. Fullerton, California. Retrieved July 12, 2016.
- Smith, Nicole M. (May 16, 2006). "Blood Spills in Library Hallways". The Daily Titan. Fullerton, California. Retrieved July 12, 2016.
- Smith, Nicole M. (May 17, 2006). "Victims Fall in Wake of Killing Spree". The Daily Titan. Fullerton, California. Retrieved July 12, 2016.
- Smith, Nicole M. (May 18, 2006). "Porno Films Provoke Killer". The Daily Titan. Fullerton, California. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
- Smith, Nicole M. (May 11, 2006). "The Quiet Custodian". Tusk Magazine. Fullerton, California. Retrieved March 17, 2019.