California Substance Abuse Treatment Facility and State Prison, Corcoran
This article's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information. (August 2009)
|Population||5,724 (167.2%) (as of 31 December 2012)|
|Managed by||California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation|
California Substance Abuse Treatment Facility and State Prison, Corcoran (SATF) is a male-only state prison located in the city of Corcoran, in Kings County, California. It is sometimes referred to as California Substance Abuse Treatment Facility, and Corcoran II.
As of fiscal year 2005-2006, SATF had a total of 1,786 staff and an annual operating budget of $230 million. As of September 2007, it had a design capacity of 3,424 but a total institution population of 7,459, for an occupancy rate of 217.8 percent.
- Level II housing ("Open dormitories with secure perimeter fences").
- Level III housing ("Individual cells, fenced perimeters and armed coverage").
- Level IV housing ("Cells, fenced or walled perimeters, electronic security, more staff and armed officers both inside and outside the institution").
SATF's most well-known program involves "two self-contained treatment facilities (739 beds each)... [which] were specifically designed to provide housing and residential substance abuse treatment for minimum security offenders with substance abuse problems." The program uses a "therapeutic community" model which had produced low recidivism rates at Richard J. Donovan Correctional Facility at Rock Mountain and California Institution for Women, and which had also been used at California Rehabilitation Center. In the program, inmates "undergo at least 20 hours a week of individual and group substance abuse counseling, addiction education, relapse prevention, living skills workshops, anger management, conflict resolution, and even a class called 'identification and change of criminal thought processes'." SATF has been described as "the largest addiction treatment center in the world."
The California Office of the Inspector General issued a January 2003 report on health care at SATF that "suggest[ed] three inmate deaths in the previous two years could be attributed in part to negligent medical treatment." Per a newspaper article on the report before its public release, the problems at SATF "ranged from lax oversight that has led to the wasting of millions of taxpayer dollars to full-time doctors who see only a handful of patients and continually sleep on the job." The report was publicly released only in March 2004, and is available only in a version "heavily redacted" by lawyers of the administration of Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger.
In February 2007, the California Office of the Inspector General concluded "Numerous studies show that despite an annual cost of $36 million, the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation’s in-prison substance abuse treatment programs [such as those at SATF] have little or no impact on recidivism." The report characterized the cumulative amount spent by the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation on substance abuse programs for inmates and parolees as "a $1 billion failure — failure to provide an environment that would allow the programs to work; failure to provide an effective treatment model; failure to ensure that the best contractors are chosen to do the job at the lowest possible price; failure to oversee the contractors to make sure they provide the services they agree to provide; failure to exert the fiscal controls necessary to protect public funds; failure to learn from and correct mistakes — and most tragically, failure to help California inmates change their lives and, in so doing, make our streets safer." In response, the Schwarzenegger administration reorganized the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation and named a new head of its Division of Addiction and Recovery Services.
The prison's notable inmates include:
- Cameron Hooker, convicted for the sexual assault and kidnapping of Colleen Stan (also known as "the girl in the box"). Hooker was sentenced to 104 years' imprisonment for holding Stan as his "sex slave" and will not be eligible for parole until 2022.
- Actor Robert Downey Jr. entered SATF in August 1999 to serve a three-year sentence for a "parole violation that stemmed from a 1996 drug conviction." In August 2000, he was released early "on orders from the 2nd District Court of Appeal in Los Angeles" because he had received credit for "time served on related misdemeanor charges and for time already served in drug rehabilitation programs."
- Music Producer Phil Spector, convicted of murder in 2009 and serving 19 years to life; transferred to Corcoran in mid-2009.
- Charles Manson, former leader of the cult known as the Manson Family, which was responsible for the 1969 murder of actress Sharon Tate.
- Offender Information Services Branch (3 January 2013). "Monthly Report of Population" (PDF). California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation: 2. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
- California Substance Abuse Treatment Facility and State Prison, Corcoran (2009). "Mission Statement". California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
- California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. California's Correctional Facilities. Archived 2007-12-14 at the Wayback Machine. 15 Oct 2007
- City of Corcoran, California. About Corcoran. Archived 2007-12-15 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 18 Dec 2007
- California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. Monthly Report of Population as of Midnight September 30, 2007.
- Prendergast, Michael L., and Harry K. Wexler (2004). Correctional Substance Abuse Treatment Programs in California: a Historical Perspective. Prison Journal, Vol. 84, No. 1, Pages 8-35.
- Boot Camp Closes. Marine-Style Discipline Did Not End Criminal Behavior. Sacramento Bee, August 3, 1997.
- Gogek, Jim, and Ed Gogek. Freedom Behind Bars. San Diego Union-Tribune, June 4, 2000.
- Martin, Mark. Scathing report on prison health care still not out. Agency suggests negligence in deaths at Corcoran facility. San Francisco Chronicle, February 26, 2004.
- Martin, Mark. California: top prison watchdog selected. San Francisco Chronicle, March 10, 2004.
- Office of the Inspector General, State of California. Management Review Audit. Warden Derral G. Adams. California Substance Abuse Treatment Facility and State Prison, Corcoran, California. January 2003.
- Office of the Inspector General, State of California. Special Review Into In-Prison Substance Abuse Programs Managed by the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. February 2007.
- Richman, Josh. Governor takes on prison drug rehab. Oakland Tribune, February 21, 2007.
- Weintraub, Daniel. State commits to fixing prison addiction programs. Sacramento Bee, July 12, 2007.
- Green, Jim (2009). Colleen Stan: The Simple Gifts of Life. Dubbed by the Media "The Girl in the Box" and "The Sex Slave". iUniverse. ISBN 9781440118371
- Actor Downey arrives at prison. San Diego Union-Tribune, August 28, 1999.
- Griswold, Lewis. Robert Downey Jr. Freed From Valley Prison. Fresno Bee, August 3, 2000.
- Duke, Alan (2009-05-29). "Phil Spector gets 19 years to life for murder of actress". CNN. Retrieved 2009-05-30.
- "Charles Manson's Overture to Phil Spector". The New York Post. 2009-07-26.
- Winston, Richard, and Kim Christensen (2017-01-07). "Charles Manson is returned to prison after stay at Bakersfield hospital". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2017-08-11.