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Call-out culture

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Call-out culture (also known as outrage culture) is a form of public shaming wherein people identify offenses committed by members of their community and publicly "call out" the offenders, thereby shaming or punishing them.[1] Its proponents aim to hold individuals and groups accountable for their actions by calling attention to behavior that is perceived to be problematic, usually on social media.[2][3]

A variant of the term, cancel culture, describes a form of boycott in which the called-out person is also thrust out of social or professional circles — either on social media or in the real world or both. They are said to be "canceled".[4]

The expression "cancelling", in reference to cancel culture, has been used since 2015, with its widespread usage beginning in 2018.[5]

Description

Jonathan Haidt, an American social psychologist, and Greg Lukianoff claimed that call-out culture originates from what the authors refer to as "safetyism" on campuses claiming it "teaches students to see words as violence and to interpret ideas and speakers as safe versus dangerous, rather than merely as true versus false"[6] and contributes to their anxiety and depression. The authors believe that most US students "despise call-out culture", however Moira Weigel, reviewing their book in The Guardian, notes that they had come to that conclusion based solely on conversations with high school and college students.[7]

Michael Bérubé, a professor of literature at Pennsylvania State University, states, "in social media, what is known as 'callout culture' and 'ally theater' (in which people demonstrate their bona fides as allies of a vulnerable population) often produces a swell of online outrage that demands that a post or a tweet be taken down or deleted".[8]

Lisa Nakamura, a professor at the University of Michigan, described cancel culture as a "cultural boycott", adding that "when you deprive someone of your attention, you're depriving them of a livelihood."[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ Haidt, Jonathan; Lukianoff, Greg (2018). The Coddling of the American Mind: How Good Intentions and Bad Ideas Are Setting Up a Generation for Failure. New York City: Penguin Press. ISBN 978-0-73522489-6. OCLC 1007552624.
  2. ^ Sills, Sophie; Pickens, Chelsea; Beach, Karishma; Jones, Lloyd; Calder-Dawe, Octavia; Benton-Greig, Paulette; Gavey, Nicola (1 November 2016). "Rape culture and social media: young critics and a feminist counterpublic". Feminist Media Studies. 16 (6): 935–951. doi:10.1080/14680777.2015.1137962. ISSN 1468-0777.
  3. ^ Munro, Ealasaid (1 September 2013). "Feminism: A Fourth Wave?". Political Insight. 4 (2): 22–25. doi:10.1111/2041-9066.12021. ISSN 2041-9058.
  4. ^ McDermott, John (2 November 2019). "Those People We Tried to Cancel? They're All Hanging Out Together". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 8 November 2019 – via NYTimes.com.
  5. ^ Kinos-Goodin, Jesse (3 December 2018). "Have we hit peak cancel culture?". CBC Radio. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  6. ^ Haidt, Jonathan; Lukianoff, Greg (2018). The Coddling of the American Mind: How Good Intentions and Bad Ideas Are Setting Up a Generation for Failure. New York City: Penguin Press. ISBN 978-0-73522489-6. OCLC 1007552624.
  7. ^ Weigel, Moira (20 September 2018). "The Coddling of the American Mind review – how elite US liberals have turned rightwards". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 8 November 2019 – via www.theguardian.com.
  8. ^ Bérubé, Michael (January 2018). "The Way We Review Now". Publications of the Modern Language Association of America. 133 (1): 132–138. doi:10.1632/pmla.2018.133.1.132.
  9. ^ Bromwich, Jonah Engel (28 June 2018). "Everyone Is Canceled". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 March 2019.