Callao Square

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Callao Square
Plaza del Callao
City of Madrid (18038988892).jpg
View of the square in 2015
NamesakeBattle of Callao
Typesquare
Maintained byAyuntamiento of Madrid
LocationCentro, Madrid, Spain
Postal code28013
Coordinates40°25′12″N 3°42′21″W / 40.419862°N 3.705828°W / 40.419862; -3.705828

The Callao Square (Spanish: plaza del Callao)[1] is located at the centre of the Spanish capital of Madrid.

Shaped in 1861,[2] the square was formally opened in June 1866;[3] its name remembers the May 1866 battle of Callao between the Spanish naval forces under the command of Casto Méndez Núñez and the Peruvian army.[3]

The square was substantially and aggressively reformed in the 21st century.[4] The reform removed nearly all elements present by that time, except the metro station access and a big tree, turning the square into a pedestrian and homogeneus space, while adding a limited number of pieces of urban furniture.[5] Conversely, big screens were added to the surrounding buildings.[5] Located in a very commercial area of the city, the pedestrian space is often for rent to companies wanting to carry out advertising events.[6]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Alfaro Zaforteza, Carlos (2014). "From Trafalgar to Santiago: The Spanish Navy and National Identity in Nineteenth-Century Spain". In Duncan Redford (ed.). Maritime History and Identity: The Sea and Culture in the Modern World. London & New York: I.B. Tauris. pp. 253–270. ISBN 978-1-78076-329-3.
  • Alonso Pereira, José Ramón (1980). "En torno a la Gran Vía" (PDF). Villa de Madrid. Madrid: Ayuntamiento de Madrid (69): 19–28. ISSN 0042-6164.
  • Brandis García, Dolores; Río Lafuente, Isabel del (2016). "Paisaje y espacio público urbano. El deterioro de las plazas del centro histórico madrileño (1945-2015)". Cuadernos Geográficos. Granada: Editorial Universidad de Granada. 55 (2): 238–264. ISSN 0210-5462.
  • Gea Ortigas, María Isabel (2012). Los nombres de las calles de Madrid. Madrid: Ediciones La Librería. ISBN 978-84-9873-182-8.
  • Nieto Codina, Aurelio (2010). "Espacios públicos recientemente remodelados en el casco antiguo de Madrid (2006-2011) : la Plaza de Las Cortes y la Plaza del Callao" (PDF). Espacio, Tiempo y Forma, Serie VI, Geografía. Madrid: Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (3). doi:10.5944/etfvi.3.2010.2614. ISSN 1130-2968.