Callaway County, Missouri
|Callaway County, Missouri|
The Callaway County Courthouse in Fulton
Location in the U.S. state of Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
|Founded||November 25, 1820|
|Named for||James Callaway|
|• Total||847 sq mi (2,194 km2)|
|• Land||835 sq mi (2,163 km2)|
|• Water||13 sq mi (34 km2), 1.5%|
|• Density||53/sq mi (20/km2)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC−6/−5|
Callaway County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 United States Census, the county's population was 44,332. Its county seat is Fulton. With a southern border formed by the Missouri River, the county was organized November 25, 1820, and named for Captain James Callaway, grandson of Daniel Boone. Callaway County is also referred to as "The Kingdom of Callaway" after an incident in which residents confronted Union troops during the U.S. Civil War.
The Callaway Nuclear Generating Station is located in Callaway County.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Education
- 5 Politics
- 6 Communities
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 Further reading
- 10 External links
This area was historically occupied by the Osage and other Native American peoples, some of whom migrated from the east of the Ohio River Valley. Others emerged as cultures in this area, following thousands of years of settlement by indigenous peoples.
The European-American settlement of Callaway County was initiated primarily by migrants from the Upper South states of Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee. They brought African-American slaves and slaveholding traditions with them, and quickly started cultivating hemp and tobacco, the same crops as were grown in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky. Callaway County was one of several to the north and south of the Missouri River settled mostly by Southerners in the early antebellum years. Given their culture and traditions, this area became known as Little Dixie.  By 1860 slaves made up 25 percent or more of the county's population, a higher percentage than in most parts of the slave state. In an unusual case, an African-American woman known as "Slave Teney" was lynched by whites near Fulton on October 27, 1860, after she confessed to killing the daughter of her mistress. Whites abused their slaves but did not usually kill them because they were valuable property, but the people of the town were outraged at Teney's attack on the daughter.
Residents generally supported the Confederacy during the Civil War. The Battle of Moore's Mill was the only significant Civil War battle that took place in Callaway County. From the Civil War era the county earned the nickname of the Kingdom of Callaway.
After the Reconstruction era, white residents in the state and county worked to restore white supremacy. Violence against blacks reached a peak around the turn of the 20th century, and whites lynched a total of four African Americans in the county. They included Ham Peterson in May 1884, killed because his brother spoke disrespectfully to whites; an unnamed African-American man killed by a mob in October 1884, after being accused of raping a young girl; and Emmett Divens, lynched August 15, 1895.
Other settlers in the Missouri River valley included German immigrants from the mid-19th century following the Revolutions of 1848 in the German states; they established a strong wine industry in the area and built towns with German-influenced architecture. Missouri was the second-largest wine-producing state nationally until Prohibition. Since the 1960s, numerous vineyards and wineries have been established again in the valley, including Summit Lake Winery in Holts Summit. The county is part of what is called the Missouri Rhineland, an area of vineyards along both sides of the Missouri River extending from St. Charles County west to Callaway County.
Callaway County lies on the border of transition between prairie and rugged Ozarks. The northern part of the county is relatively flat and devoid of large tracts of forests. The southern border of the county is the Missouri River, and the area is heavily forested over large hills and valleys. Cedar Creek makes up the northern part of the western border.
- Audrain County (north)
- Montgomery County (east)
- Osage County (south)
- Cole County (southwest)
- Boone County (west)
- Gasconade County (southeast)
National protected areas
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 40,766 people, 14,416 households, and 10,336 families residing in the county. The population density was 49 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 16,167 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was self-identified as 91.79% White, 5.66% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. Approximately 0.92% of the population identified as Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.9% identified as of German ancestry, 22.0% s American, 9.1% as Irish (including Scots-Irish) and 9.1% as English ancestry.
There were 14,416 households out of which 35.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.10% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.30% were non-families. 23.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the county, the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 11.10% from 18 to 24, 31.00% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 11.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 107.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $39,110, and the median income for a family was $44,474. Males had a median income of $29,574 versus $22,317 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,005. About 6.00% of families and 8.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.30% of those under age 18 and 8.30% of those age 65 or over.
- Fulton School District No. 58 – Fulton
- McIntire Elementary School (PK-05)
- Bush Elementary School (K-05)
- Bartley Elementary School (K-05)
- Fulton Middle School (06-08)
- Fulton High School (09-12)
- Missouri School for the Deaf – Fulton
- Stark Elementary School (K-05)
- Wheeler Middle School (06-08)
- Wheeler High School (09-12)
- New Bloomfield R-III School District – New Bloomfield
- New Bloomfield Elementary School (PK-06)
- New Bloomfield High School (07-12)
- North Callaway County R-I School District – Kingdom City
- Auxvasse Elementary School (PK-08) – Auxvasse
- Hatton-McCredie Elementary School (K-08)
- Williamsburg Elementary School (K-08)
- North Callaway County High School (09-12)
- South Callaway County R-II School District – Mokane
- South Callaway County Early Childhood Education Center (PK-02)
- South Callaway County Elementary School (03-05)
- South Callaway County Middle School (06-08)
- South Callaway County High School (09-12)
- St. Peter Catholic School – Fulton (K-09) – Roman Catholic
- Kingdom Christian Academy – Fulton (PK-09) – Nondenominational Christian
- Shepherdsfield School – Fulton (K-12) – Nondenominational Christian
- Westminster College - Fulton - A private, four-year Presbyterian university.
- William Woods University - Fulton - A private, four-year Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) university.
This section does not cite any sources. (June 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The Republican Party mostly controls politics at the local level in Callaway County.
|Callaway County, Missouri|
|Elected countywide officials|
|Circuit Clerk||Judy O. Groner||Republican|
|County Clerk||Denise Hubbard||Republican|
|Collector||Pam J. Oestreich||Democratic|
|Randall L. Kleindienst||Republican|
|Donald “Doc” Kritzer||Republican|
|Prosecuting Attorney||Christopher Wilson||Republican|
|Public Administrator||Karen Digh||Rebublican|
|2016||57.95% 11,149||38.15% 7,340||3.89% 749|
|2012||52.30% 9,486||44.17% 8,012||3.53% 640|
|2008||49.78% 9,596||48.63% 9,375||1.59% 306|
|2004||57.27% 10,153||41.59% 7,373||1.13% 201|
|2000||43.62% 6,641||53.40% 8,129||2.98% 453|
|1996||32.91% 4,314||63.91% 8,379||3.18% 417|
Callaway County is divided into two legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, both of which are held by Republicans.
- District 43 — Jay D. Houghton (R-Martinsburg). Consists of the communities of Auxvasse, Portland, Steedman, and Williamsburg.
|Republican||Jay D. Houghton||3,169||72.93%||+0.90|
- District 49 — Travis Fitzwater (R-Holts Summit). Consists of the communities of Fulton, Holts Summit, Kingdom City, Lake Mykee Town, Mokane, New Bloomfield, and Tebbetts.
|Democratic||Gracia Yancey Backer||3,171||38.22%||+8.44|
|Democratic||Eric C. Meyer||5,012||28.07%|
Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)
- Former U.S. Senator Hillary Clinton (D-New York) received more votes, a total of 2,701, than any candidate from either party in Callaway County during the 2008 presidential primary.
|Callaway County, Missouri|
|2008 Republican primary in Missouri|
|John McCain||1,203 (27.08%)|
|Mike Huckabee||1,517 (34.14%)|
|Mitt Romney||1,457 (32.79%)|
|Ron Paul||196 (4.41%)|
|Callaway County, Missouri|
|2008 Democratic primary in Missouri|
|Hillary Clinton||2,701 (54.71%)|
|Barack Obama||2,037 (41.26%)|
|John Edwards (withdrawn)||153 (3.10%)|
- Fulton (county seat)
- Holts Summit
- Jefferson City (mostly in Cole County)
- New Bloomfield
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 267.
- Kingdom of Callaway Historical Society
- "The Story of Little Dixie, Missouri", Missouri Division-Sons of Confederate Veterans, accessed 3 June 2008
- T. J. Stiles, Jesse James: The Last Rebel of the Civil War, New York: Vintage Books, 2003, pp.10–11
- Danny Lewis, "This Map Shows Over a Century of Documented Lynchings in the United States", Smithsonian Magazine, 24 January 2017; accessed 13 April 2018
- Kerry Segrave, Lynchings of Women in the United States: The Recorded Cases, 1851–1946, New York: McFarland, 2010, p. 22
- Lynching in America/ Supplement: Lynchings by County, 3rd edition, Montgomery, Alabama: Equal Justice Initiative, 2015, p. 7
- "Lynching in Missouri", Saline County, Missouri/MOGenWeb Project, 1996-2018; accessed 12 April 2018
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 12 May 2015. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 September 2013. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Breeding, Marshall. "Callaway County Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-24.
- Kingdom of Callaway Historical Society. A History of Callaway County Missouri (Fulton, MO: Kingdom of Callaway Historical Society, 1983).
- Saeger, Andrew M. "The Kingdom Of Callaway: Callaway County, Missouri during the Civil War." (MA thesis, Northwest Missouri State University, 2013). bibliography pp 75–81 online
- Callaway County official website
- Callaway County Clerk website
- Kingdom of Callaway Historical Society
- Callaway Chamber of Commerce
- Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Callaway County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books