Calliandra

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Calliandra
Starr 071024-9938 Calliandra haematocephala.jpg
Calliandra haematocephala
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Clade: Mimosoideae
Genus: Calliandra
Benth.[1]
Species

See text.

Synonyms
  • Anneslia Salisb.
  • Codonandra H.Karst.[1]
  • Guinetia L.Rico & M.Sousa[2]

Calliandra is a genus of flowering plants in the pea family, Fabaceae, in the mimosoid clade of the subfamily Caesalpinioideae. It contains about 140 species that are native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas.[2]

Description[edit]

The genus comprises herbaceous perennial plants, shrubs, and rarely small trees, growing 0.5–6 m tall, with bipinnate leaves. The flowers are produced in cylindrical or globose inflorescences and have numerous long slender stamens which give rise to the common names powder-puff, powder puff plant, and fairy duster. These plants flower all year round, but the best blooming is in spring and summer. They can be easily pruned.

Calliandra are often fed on by caterpillars, such as the larvae of statira sulphur (Aphrissa statira).[3]

Selected species[edit]

Species include:[4]

Formerly placed here[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Genus: Calliandra Benth". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Archived from the original on 2012-05-31. Retrieved 2013-07-24.
  2. ^ a b de Souza ER, de Queiroz LP, Lewis GP, Forest F, Schnadelbach AS, van den Berg C (2013). "Phylogeny of Calliandra (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) based on nuclear and plastid molecular markers". Taxon. 62 (6): 1200–1219.
  3. ^ Srygley, Robert B.; Dudley, Robert; Oliveira, Evandro G.; Riveros, Andre J. "Experimental evidence for a magnetic sense in Neotropical migrating butterflies (Lepidoptera: Pieridae)". Animal Behaviour. 71 (1): 183–191. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2005.04.013.
  4. ^ The Plant List, retrieved 18 June 2016
  5. ^ a b "GRIN Species Records of Calliandra". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2013-07-24.