Calliandra californica

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Baja fairy duster
Calliandra californica.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Calliandra
Species: C. californica
Binomial name
Calliandra californica
Benth.
Synonyms[1]
  • Anneslia californica Britton & Rose
  • Anneslia mixta Britton & Rose
  • Anneslia mucronulata Britton & Rose
  • Feuilleea californica Kuntze

Calliandra californica (Baja fairy duster), is an evergreen, woody shrub which is native to Baja California, Mexico. In Spanish, the plant is also known vernacularly as tabardillo, zapotillo[2] or chuparosa.[3] The flowers, which appear in early summer, have clusters of red stamens. The shrub is usually between 0.6 and 1.8 metres in height and has bipinnate leaves. The leaves have been described as "fern-like."[4] Leaves close at night time.[5]

C. californica is cold tolerant to temperatures of 22 degrees Fahrenheit,[5] though its roots will tolerate temperatures as low as five degrees Fahrenheit.[6] It grows best in full sun.[5] C. californica is very drought tolerant, needing only 10 inches of water every year.[6] However, additional watering will encourage C. californica to bloom through summer and again in the fall.[6]

Propagation of C. californica is done through "acid scarification" or vegetative cutting.[5] Seed pods from this plant look like "snow peas" and when ripe, they explode.[4] The pods are flat and about 2 inches long.[6] After ejecting seeds, the curled open pods remain attached to the plant for some time.[7]

C. californica attracts both bees and hummingbirds.[5]

Along with many other legumes and leadworts (Plumbago),[8] it is a host plant for the Marine Blue caterpillar (Leptotes marina).[9]

In landscaping, it is suggested that C. californica is used in borders or foreground plantings, as an island accent or even in containers.[6]

Baja Fairy Duster
Flower and seed pods evident.
 Fruit (pod) of the Calliandra californica.
Fruit (pod) of the Calliandra californica.
 Burst seed pods on branch of C. californica.
Burst seed pods on branch of C. californica.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 19 June 2016 
  2. ^ "Calliandra californica Benth.". GRIN Taxonomy for Plants. United States Department of Agriculture. 7 February 1997. Retrieved 7 May 2015. 
  3. ^ "Calliandra californica". ILDIS. Legume Web. 1 November 2005. Retrieved 7 May 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Meyer, Chris; Meyer, Trish. "Calliandra californica: Baja Fairy Duster". Wildscaping. Sherman Oaks Garden. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "Calliandra californica". Arizona State University. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Miller, George Oxford (2008). Landscaping with Native Plants of Southern California. Voyageur Press. p. 91. ISBN 9781616739492. 
  7. ^ "Baja Fairy Duster". Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation. Virginia Tech. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  8. ^ "Marine Blue". Butterflies and Moths of North America. 
  9. ^ Rich Bailowitz and Jim Brock. "Southeastern Arizona" (PDF). North American Butterfly Association. 

Notes[edit]