Calliophis bibroni

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Calliophis bibroni
Bibron's Coral Snake.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Elapidae
Genus: Calliophis
Species: C. bibroni
Binomial name
Calliophis bibroni
(Jan, 1858)

Calliophis bibroni, commonly known as Bibron's coral snake, is a species of venomous elapid snake, which is native to India.


It is named after Gabriel Bibron (1806–1848), French zoologist and herpetologist.[4]

Geographic range[edit]

C. bibroni is endemic to the Western Ghats of India. Essentially distributed in Karnataka State.


Eye minute, diameter about half its distance from mouth. Frontal nearly as long as its distance from snout, much shorter than parietals; no preocular; prefrontal in contact with third upper labial; one very small postocular; temporals 1+1; seven upper labials, third and fourth entering orbit; first lower labial much elongate, forming a long suture with its fellow; anterior chin shields small, much shorter than posterior, in contact with third and fourth lower labials. Dorsal scales smooth, without apical pits, in 13 rows. Ventrals 222-226; anal entire; subcaudals paired 27-34.

Cherry-red to dark purplish brown above, red beneath, with black crossbands which are sometimes continuous across the belly; anterior part of head black above.

Adults may attain a total length of 64 cm (25 inches), with a tail length of 5 cm (2 inches).[2]


  1. ^ Srinivasulu, C.; Deepak, V.; Shankar, G. & Srinivasulu, B. (2013). "Calliophis bibroni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013: e.T177549A7454847. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Boulenger GA. 1896. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History), Volume III., Containing the Colubridæ (Opisthoglyphæ and Proteroglyphæ), ... London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xiv + 727 pp. + Plates I-XXV. (Callophis [sic] bibronii, p. 399).
  3. ^ The Reptile Database.
  4. ^ Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Calliophis bibroni, p. 25).

Further reading[edit]

  • Beddome RH. 1864. "Description of a New Species of Elaps from Malabar". Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1864: 179.
  • Boulenger GA. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. London: Secretary of State for India in Council. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xviii + 541 pp. (Callophis [sic] bibronii, p. 386).
  • Jan G. 1858. "Plan d'une iconographie descriptive des ophidiens et description sommaire de nouvelles espèces des serpents". Rev. Mag. Zool. Paris, Series 2, 10: 438-449, 514-527.
  • Slowinski JB, Boundy J, Lawson R. 2001. "The Phylogenetic Relationships of Asian Coral Snakes (Elapidae: Calliophis and Maticora) Based on Morphological and Molecular Characters". Herpetologica 57 (2): 233-245.
  • Smith MA. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-region. Reptilia and Amphibia. Vol. III.—Serpentes. London: Secretary of State for India. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xii + 583 pp. (Callophis [sic] bibroni, pp. 425–426).