Calliophis bibroni

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Calliophis bibroni
Bibron's Coral Snake.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Elapidae
Genus: Calliophis
Species:
C. bibroni
Binomial name
Calliophis bibroni
(Jan, 1858)
Synonyms[3]
  • Elaps bibroni
    Jan, 1858
  • Elaps ceracinus
    Beddome, 1864
  • Callophis [sic] ceracinus
    — Beddome, 1867
  • Callophis [sic] bibronii
    Boulenger, 1890
  • Calliophis bibroni
    Slowinski, Boundy &
    Lawson, 2001
    [2]

Calliophis bibroni, commonly known as Bibron's coral snake, is a species of venomous snake in the family Elapidae. The species is native to India.

Etymology[edit]

The specific name, bibroni, is in honor of Gabriel Bibron (1806–1848), French zoologist and herpetologist.[4]

Geographic range[edit]

C. bibroni is endemic to the Western Ghats of India, essentially distributed in Karnataka State.

Description[edit]

The eye of C. bibroni is minute, its diameter about half its distance from the mouth. The frontal is nearly as long as its distance from the snout, much shorter than parietals. As there is no preocular, the prefrontal contacts the third upper labial. There is one very small postocular. The temporals are 1+1. There are seven upper labials, the third and fourth contacting the eye. The first lower labial is much elongate, forming a long suture with its fellow. There are two pairs of chin shields. The anterior chin shields are small, much shorter than posterior, and are in contact with third and fourth lower labials.[2]

The dorsal scales are smooth, without apical pits, and are in 13 rows at midbody. The ventrals number 222-226. The anal is entire. The subcaudals are divided and number 27-34 pairs.[2]

Coloration is cherry-red to dark purplish brown above, red beneath, with black crossbands which are sometimes continuous across the belly. The anterior part of the head is black above.[2]

Adults may attain a total length of 64 cm (25 inches), which includes a tail length of 5 cm (2 inches).[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Srinivasulu C, Deepak V, Shankar G, Srinivasulu B (2013). "Calliophis bibroni ". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2013: e.T177549A7454847. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T177549A7454847.en.
  2. ^ a b c d e Boulenger GA (1896). Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History), Volume III., Containing the Colubridæ (Opisthoglyphæ and Proteroglyphæ) ... London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xiv + 727 pp. + Plates I-XXV. (Callophis [sic] bibronii, p. 399).
  3. ^ "Calliophis bibroni ". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
  4. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Calliophis bibroni, p. 25).

Further reading[edit]

  • Beddome RH (1864). "Description of a New Species of Elaps from Malabar". Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1864: 179.
  • Boulenger GA (1890). The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. London: Secretary of State for India in Council. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xviii + 541 pp. (Callophis [sic] bibronii, p. 386).
  • Jan G (1858). "Plan d'une iconographie descriptive des ophidiens et description sommaire de nouvelles espèces des serpents". Rev. Mag. Zool. Paris, Series 2, 10: 438-449, 514-527. (Elaps bibroni, new species, p. 526). (in French).
  • Slowinski JB, Boundy J, Lawson R (2001). "The Phylogenetic Relationships of Asian Coral Snakes (Elapidae: Calliophis and Maticora) Based on Morphological and Molecular Characters". Herpetologica 57 (2): 233-245.
  • Smith MA (1943). The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-region. Reptilia and Amphibia. Vol. III.—Serpentes. London: Secretary of State for India. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xii + 583 pp. (Callophis [sic] bibroni, pp. 425–426).