Calliophis bibroni

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Calliophis bibroni
Bibron's Coral Snake.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Elapidae
Genus: Calliophis
Species: C. bibroni
Binomial name
Calliophis bibroni
(Jan, 1858)
Synonyms

Calliophis bibroni, commonly known as Bibron's coral snake, is a species of venomous elapid snake, which is native to India.

Etymology[edit]

It is named after Gabriel Bibron (1806–1848), French zoologist and herpetologist.[4]

Geographic range[edit]

C. bibroni is endemic to the Western Ghats of India. Essentially distributed in Karnataka State.

Description[edit]

Eye minute, diameter about half its distance from mouth. Frontal nearly as long as its distance from snout, much shorter than parietals; no preocular; prefrontal in contact with third upper labial; one very small postocular; temporals 1+1; seven upper labials, third and fourth entering orbit; first lower labial much elongate, forming a long suture with its fellow; anterior chin shields small, much shorter than posterior, in contact with third and fourth lower labials. Dorsal scales smooth, without apical pits, in 13 rows. Ventrals 222-226; anal entire; subcaudals paired 27-34.

Cherry-red to dark purplish brown above, red beneath, with black crossbands which are sometimes continuous across the belly; anterior part of head black above.

Adults may attain a total length of 64 cm (25 inches), with a tail length of 5 cm (2 inches).[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Srinivasulu, C.; Deepak, V.; Shankar, G. & Srinivasulu, B. (2013). "Calliophis bibroni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013: e.T177549A7454847. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Boulenger GA. 1896. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History), Volume III., Containing the Colubridæ (Opisthoglyphæ and Proteroglyphæ), ... London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xiv + 727 pp. + Plates I-XXV. (Callophis [sic] bibronii, p. 399).
  3. ^ The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
  4. ^ Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Calliophis bibroni, p. 25).

Further reading[edit]

  • Beddome RH. 1864. "Description of a New Species of Elaps from Malabar". Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1864: 179.
  • Boulenger GA. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. London: Secretary of State for India in Council. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xviii + 541 pp. (Callophis [sic] bibronii, p. 386).
  • Jan G. 1858. "Plan d'une iconographie descriptive des ophidiens et description sommaire de nouvelles espèces des serpents". Rev. Mag. Zool. Paris, Series 2, 10: 438-449, 514-527.
  • Slowinski JB, Boundy J, Lawson R. 2001. "The Phylogenetic Relationships of Asian Coral Snakes (Elapidae: Calliophis and Maticora) Based on Morphological and Molecular Characters". Herpetologica 57 (2): 233-245.
  • Smith MA. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-region. Reptilia and Amphibia. Vol. III.—Serpentes. London: Secretary of State for India. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xii + 583 pp. (Callophis [sic] bibroni, pp. 425–426).