Callipodida

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Callipodida
Tetracion jonesi 1.jpg
Tetracion jonesi (Abacionidae), a species from the southern United States
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Subphylum:
Class:
Subclass:
Infraclass:
Superorder:
Order:
Callipodida

Pocock, 1894
Suborders

Callipodidea
Schizopetalidea
Sinocallipodidea Burmanopetalidea

Synonyms

Lysiopetalida Chamberlin, 1943

Callipodida (from Greek kallos "beauty" and podus "leg") is an order of millipedes containing around 130 species, many characterized by crests or ridges.

Description[edit]

Callipodida are long and narrow millipedes, up to 100 millimetres (3.9 in) in length with 40-60 body segments. A dorsal groove is present running down the mid-line of the body, and many species are ornamented with longitudinal crests or ridges.[1][2] Sexually mature males possess a single pair of gonopods, consisting of the modified anterior leg pair of the 7th body segment, and carried concealed within a pouch.[2][3]

Distribution[edit]

Callipodida occurs in North America, Europe, west Asia, southern China and Southeast Asia.[4]

Classification[edit]

The living (extant) Callipodida are classified into three suborders, seven families, and approximately 130 species.[5] The genus Sinocallipus, which constitutes the suborder Sinocallipodidea, is thought to be the most primitive, and a sister group to all other callipodans.[6] A fourth, extinct, suborder was described in 2019 to accommodate Burmanopetalum inexpectatum, a 99 million-year-old specimen found in Burmese amber.[7]

Suborder Callipodidea
Suborder Schizopetalidea
Suborder Sinocallipodidea
Suborder Burmanopetalidea

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Diagnostic features of Millipede Orders" (PDF). Milli-PEET Identification Tables. The Field Museum, Chicago. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
  2. ^ a b Shelley, Rowland M. (1999). "Centipedes and Millipedes with Emphasis on North American Fauna". The Kansas School Naturalist. 45 (3): 1–16.
  3. ^ Stoev, P.; Sierwald, P.; Billey, A (2008). "An annotated world catalogue of the millipede order Callipodida (Arthropoda: Diplopoda)" (PDF). Zootaxa. 1706: 1–50.
  4. ^ "Biogeography of Millipede Orders" (PDF). Milli-PEET Identification Tables. The Field Museum, Chicago. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
  5. ^ Shear, W. (2011). "Class Diplopoda de Blainville in Gervais, 1844" (PDF). In Zhang, Z.-Q. (ed.). Animal biodiversity: an outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa. 3148. pp. 159–164. ISBN 978-1-86977-850-7.
  6. ^ Stoev, Pavel; Enghoff, Henrik (2011). "A review of the millipede genus Sinocallipus Zhang, 1993 (Diplopoda: Callipodida: Sinocallipodidae), with notes on gonopods monotony vs. peripheral diversity in millipedes". ZooKeys. 90 (0): 13–34. doi:10.3897/zookeys.90.1291. PMC 3084490. PMID 21594105.
  7. ^ Stoev, Pavel; Moritz, Leif; Wesener, Thomas (2019). "Dwarfs under dinosaur legs: a new millipede of the order Callipodida (Diplopoda) from Cretaceous amber of Burma". ZooKeys. 841: 79–96. doi:10.3897/zookeys.841.34991.

External links[edit]