Callirhoe (Oceanid)

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In Greek mythology, Callirhoe (or Kallirhoe, Callirrhoe ) (Ancient Greek: Καλλιρό, Καλλιρρόη, or Καλλιρρόης means 'beautiful flow' or beautiful stream'[1]) was one of the Oceanids, daughters of the Titans: Oceanus and Tethys.[2][3]


Callirhoe had consorted with Chrysaor, Neilus, Poseidon and Manes. By Chrysaor, she became the mother of the monsters Geryon[4] and Echidna[5] while Chione was her daughter by the river-god of Egypt, Neilus.[6] Meanwhile, to Poseidon, Callirhoe bore Minyas, founder of Minyan Orchomenus,[7] and to Manes, Cotys, a king of Maeonia.[8]


Callirhoe was the naiad who became the companion of Persephone when the daughter of Demeter was abducted by the lord of the dead, Hades.[9] She was one of the three ancestors of the Tyrians, along with Abarbarea and Drosera.[10]


Jupiter's moon Callirrhoe is named after her.


  1. ^ Bane, Theresa (2013). Encyclopedia of Fairies in World Folklore and Mythology. McFarland, Incorporated, Publishers. p. 75. ISBN 9780786471119.
  2. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 351. English Translation by Hugh G. Evelyn-White. Theogony. Cambridge, MA.,Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1914.
  3. ^ Kerényi, Carl (1951). The Gods of the Greeks. London: Thames and Hudson. p. 41.
  4. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 287 & 981; Apollodorus, 2.5.10; Hyginus, Fabulae Preface & 151; Stesichorus, fr. 512-513 & 587
  5. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 270-300. Though Herbert Jennings Rose says simply that it is "not clear which parents are meant", Athanassakis, p. 44, says that Phorcys and Ceto are the "more likely candidates for parents of this hideous creature who proceeded to give birth to a series of monsters and scourges". The problem arises from the ambiguous referent of the pronoun "she" in line 295 of the Theogony. While some have read this "she" as referring to Callirhoe (e.g. Smith "Echidna"; Morford, p. 162), according to Clay, p. 159 n. 32, "the modern scholarly consensus" reads Ceto, see for example Gantz, p. 22; Caldwell, pp. 7, 46 295–303; Grimal, "Echidna" p. 143.
  6. ^ Servius Commentary on the Aeneid of Virgil, 4.250, ed. by Georgius Thilo
  7. ^ Tzetzes on Lycophron, Alexandra 875
  8. ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities 1.27.1.
  9. ^ Homeric Hymn to Demeter 2.417
  10. ^ Nonnus, Dionysiaca, 40.535 ff