Callirrhoe (Oceanid)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

In Greek mythology, Callirrhoe or Callirhoe (Ancient Greek: Καλλιρρόη, meaning "Beautiful Flow," often written Callirrhoë) was a naiad. She was the daughter of Oceanus and Tethys.[1] She was mentioned as a companion of Persephone when the daughter of Demeter was abducted by the lord of the dead, Hades.[2] Callirhoe had consorted with Chrysaor, Neilus and Poseidon. She was one of the three ancestors of the Tyrians, along with Abarbarea and Drosera.[3] Jupiter's moon Callirrhoe is named after her. She also mothered Cotys by Manes, king of Maeonia.[4]

Children[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 351. English Translation by Hugh G. Evelyn-White. Theogony. Cambridge, MA.,Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1914.
  2. ^ Homeric Hymn 2, 417
  3. ^ Nonnus, Dionysiaca, 40. 535 ff
  4. ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities Book 1.27.1. Translated by Earnest Cary (1879-19??) and Edward Spelman (d. 1767), from the Loeb Classical Library edition of 1937
  5. ^ Hesiod, Theogony, 287, 981
  6. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 5. 10
  7. ^ Stesichorus fragments 512-513, 587
  8. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae, Preface & 151
  9. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 270-300. Though Herbert Jennings Rose says simply that it is "not clear which parents are meant", Athanassakis, p. 44, says that Phorcys and Ceto are the "more likely candidates for parents of this hideous creature who proceeded to give birth to a series of monsters and scourges". The problem arises from the ambiguous referent of the pronoun "she" in line 295 of the Theogony. While some have read this "she" as referring to Callirhoe (e.g. Smith "Echidna"; Morford, p. 162), according to Clay, p. 159 n. 32, "the modern scholarly consensus" reads Ceto, see for example Gantz, p. 22; Caldwell, pp. 7, 46 295–303; Grimal, "Echidna" p. 143.
  10. ^ Maurus Servius Honoratus. Commentary on the Aeneid of Virgil, 4.250. Edited by Georgius Thilo.
  11. ^ Tzetzes on Lycophron, 875
  12. ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities Book 1.27.1. Translated by Earnest Cary (1879-19??) and Edward Spelman (d. 1767), from the Loeb Classical Library edition of 1937