Callirrhoe (Oceanid)

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In Greek mythology, Callirrhoe or Callirhoe (Ancient Greek: Καλλιρρόη or Καλλιρόη, meaning "Beautiful Flow," often written Callirrhoë) was one of the Oceanids, daughters of Titans Oceanus and Tethys.[1]

Family[edit]

Callirhoe had consorted with Chrysaor, Neilus, Poseidon and Manes. By Chrysaor, she became the mother of the monsters Geryon[2][3][4][5] and Echidna[6] while Chione was her daughter by the river-god of Egypt, Neilus.[7] Meanwhile, to Poseidon, she borne Minyas, founder of Minyan Orchomenus[8] and Cotys, a king of Maeonia was her child by Manes.[9]

Mythology[edit]

Callirhoe was the naiad who became the companion of Persephone when the daughter of Demeter was abducted by the lord of the dead, Hades.[10] She was one of the three ancestors of the Tyrians, along with Abarbarea and Drosera.[11]

Legacy[edit]

Jupiter's moon Callirrhoe is named after her.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 351. English Translation by Hugh G. Evelyn-White. Theogony. Cambridge, MA.,Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1914.
  2. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 287 & 981
  3. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2.5.10
  4. ^ Stesichorus fragments 512-513, 587
  5. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae Preface & 151
  6. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 270-300. Though Herbert Jennings Rose says simply that it is "not clear which parents are meant", Athanassakis, p. 44, says that Phorcys and Ceto are the "more likely candidates for parents of this hideous creature who proceeded to give birth to a series of monsters and scourges". The problem arises from the ambiguous referent of the pronoun "she" in line 295 of the Theogony. While some have read this "she" as referring to Callirhoe (e.g. Smith "Echidna"; Morford, p. 162), according to Clay, p. 159 n. 32, "the modern scholarly consensus" reads Ceto, see for example Gantz, p. 22; Caldwell, pp. 7, 46 295–303; Grimal, "Echidna" p. 143.
  7. ^ Servius Commentary on the Aeneid of Virgil, 4.250, ed. by Georgius Thilo
  8. ^ Tzetzes on Lycophron, Alexandra 875
  9. ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities Book 1.27.1. Translated by Earnest Cary (1879-19??) and Edward Spelman (d. 1767), from the Loeb Classical Library edition of 1937
  10. ^ Homeric Hymn to Demeter 2.417
  11. ^ Nonnus, Dionysiaca, 40.535 ff

References[edit]

  • Dionysus of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities. English translation by Earnest Cary in the Loeb Classical Library, 7 volumes. Harvard University Press, 1937-1950. Online version at Bill Thayer's Web Site
  • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitatum Romanarum quae supersunt, Vol I-IV. . Karl Jacoby. In Aedibus B.G. Teubneri. Leipzig. 1885. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Gaius Julius Hyginus, Fabulae from The Myths of Hyginus translated and edited by Mary Grant. University of Kansas Publications in Humanistic Studies. Online version at the Topos Text Project.
  • Hesiod, Theogony from The Homeric Hymns and Homerica with an English Translation by Hugh G. Evelyn-White, Cambridge, MA.,Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1914. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.
  • Nonnus of Panopolis, Dionysiaca translated by William Henry Denham Rouse (1863-1950), from the Loeb Classical Library, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1940. Online version at the Topos Text Project.
  • Nonnus of Panopolis, Dionysiaca. 3 Vols. W.H.D. Rouse. Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann, Ltd. 1940-1942. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Pseudo-Apollodorus, The Library with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1921. ISBN 0-674-99135-4. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.
  • The Homeric Hymns and Homerica with an English Translation by Hugh G. Evelyn-White. Homeric Hymns. Cambridge, MA.,Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1914. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.