Melaleuca glauca

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Callistemon glaucus)
Jump to: navigation, search
Albany bottlebrush
Melaleuca glauca (habit).JPG
M. glauca in Gull Rock National Park.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Melaleuca
Species: M. glauca
Binomial name
Melaleuca glauca
(Sweet) Craven
Synonyms

Callistemon glaucus (DC.) Sweet
Callistemon speciosus (Sims) Sweet
Callistemon citrinus (Curtis) Skeels

Melaleuca glauca, commonly known as Albany bottlebrush is a plant in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae and is endemic to the south west of Western Australia. (Some Australian state herbaria continue to use the name Callistemon glaucus.[1] Craven claims that there is no type material for Callistemon speciosus and includes it here as a synonym.[2]) It is a tall shrub with glaucous leaves and spikes of red flowers in spring.

Description[edit]

Melaleuca glauca is a shrub growing to 3.5 m (10 ft) tall with hard, fibrous bark. Its leaves are arranged alternately and are 40–128 mm (2–5 in) long, 3–18 mm (0.1–0.7 in) wide, flat, mostly narrow egg-shaped with a mid-vein and 11 to 20 branching veins.[3]

The flowers are bright red and arranged in spikes on the ends of branches which continue to grow after flowering. The spikes are up to 75 mm (3 in) in diameter with 20 to 120 or more individual flowers. The petals are 4.5–7.2 mm (0.18–0.28 in) long and fall off as the flower ages. The stamens are arranged in five bundles around the flower and there are between 6 and 15 stamens per bundle. Flowering occurs from October to December and is followed by fruit which are woody capsules, 5.7–8.8 mm (0.2–0.3 in) long.[3]

M. glauca leaves, flowers and fruit

Taxonomy and naming[edit]

Melaleuca glauca was named in 2013 by Lyndley Craven in Melaleucas : their botany, essential oils and uses.[3] It was first formally described in 1815 by Aimé Bonpland as Metrosideros glauca however the description was not validly published. In 1830, the English botanist Robert Sweet gave it the name Callistemon glaucus.[4][5] The specific epithet (glauca) is from the Latin word glaucus meaning “blue-grey” or "blue-green"[6] referring to the glaucous leaves.[3]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Melaleuca glauca occurs in the south and south-western coastal districts of Western Australia between Perth and Albany in the Jarrah Forest, Swan Coastal Plain and Warren biogeographic regions, where it grows in swampy ground in sandy or clayey soils.[3][7][8]

Conservation[edit]

Melaleuca glauca is listed as "not threatened" by the Government of Western Australia Department of Parks and Wildlife.[8]

Use in horticulture[edit]

Melaleuca glauca is widely grown as an ornamental (as Callistemon glaucus) in temperate parts of Australia.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Udovicic, Frank; Spencer, Roger (2012). "New combinations in Callistemon (Myrtaceae)" (PDF). Muelleria. 30 (1): 23–25. Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
  2. ^ "Callistemon speciosus". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 22 July 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Brophy, Joseph J.; Craven, Lyndley A.; Doran, John C. (2013). Melaleucas : their botany, essential oils and uses. Canberra: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. pp. 177–178. ISBN 9781922137517. 
  4. ^ "Melaleuca glauca". APNI. Retrieved 5 August 2015. 
  5. ^ Sweet, Robert (1830). Hortus Britannicus (2nd ed.). London: James Ridgway. p. 209. Retrieved 13 July 2015. 
  6. ^ "glaucus". Wiktionary. Retrieved 13 July 2015. 
  7. ^ Paczkowska, Grazyna; Chapman, Alex R. (2000). The Western Australian flora : a descriptive catalogue. Perth: Wildflower Society of Western Australia. p. 350. ISBN 0646402439. 
  8. ^ a b "Melaleuca glauca". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.