Caln Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania
|Caln Township, Pennsylvania|
|Elevation||351 ft (107.0 m)|
|Area||8.8 sq mi (22.8 km2)|
|- land||8.8 sq mi (23 km2)|
|- water||0.0 sq mi (0 km2), 0%|
|Density||1,570.1/sq mi (606.2/km2)|
|- summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
Caln Township is a township in Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 13,817 at the 2010 census. The township was founded by settlers from Calne, Wiltshire in England in 1714. The relationship with Calne, Wiltshire, continues today as the two towns are sister cities. Caln is a Township of the First Class. The governing body is a Board of Commissioners. The Board President is President Cynthia Eshleman, Vice President Jennifer Breton, Board Members Joshua Young, John Contento and George Chambers. The Township Manager is Gregory Prowant.
The township owns Ingleside Golf Club and over 200 acres (0.81 km2) of open space and parks. There are 53 employees including 20 police officers. Caln Township contains a commercial center called Thorndale. Within Thorndale there is a SEPTA train station which provides train service to Philadelphia. U.S. Route 30 is a major arterial roadway through Caln Township. There is a public hospital called the Brandywine Hospital and a major Veterans Administration hospital called the Coatesville VA Hospital. Caln Township is a part of the Coatesville School District. The western end of the township along US Business 30 is sometimes referred to as the village of Caln. Historically, there have also been places named Reeceville (northwestern corner), Ingleside (between Caln and Thorndale), Bondsville (north of Thorndale), and Galagherville (between Thorndale and Downingtown) although these names have fallen out of usage except for the roads named after them.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 8.8 square miles (23 km2), of which 0.11% is water.
- Valley Township (northwest)
- West Brandywine Township (northwest)
- East Brandywine Township (north)
- East Caln Township (northeast)
- West Bradford Township (south)
- East Fallowfield Township (southwest)
At the 2010 census, the township was 72.8% non-Hispanic White, 16.2% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 3.9% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, and 2.2% were two or more races. 5.5% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry .
As of the census of 2000, there were 11,916 people, 4,363 households, and 3,067 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,360.6 people per square mile (525.2/km²). There were 4,535 housing units at an average density of 517.8/sq mi (199.9/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 78.78% White, 15.76% African American, 0.19% Native American, 2.44% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.19% from other races, and 1.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.24% of the population.
There were 4,363 households, out of which 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.4% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.7% were non-families. 22.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the township the population was spread out, with 25.5% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 35.0% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 102.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.3 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $60,198, and the median income for a family was $65,520. Males had a median income of $43,169 versus $33,193 for females. The per capita income for the township was $25,494. About 3.6% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.