Calochortus macrocarpus

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Calochortus macrocarpus
Calochortus macrocarpus.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Calochortus
Species: C. macrocarpus
Binomial name
Calochortus macrocarpus
Dougl.
Synonyms[1]

Mariposa macrocarpa (Douglas) Hoover

Calochortus macrocarpus, also known as sagebrush mariposa lily, is a North American species of bulbous perennials in the lily family.[2][1][3]

The plant is native to the Northwestern United States (Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and western Montana), northern California, northern Nevada, and a small area of southern British Columbia.[4] Habitats include the Great Basin and Cascade Range. [5]

Description[edit]

Calochortus macrocarpus leaves are blue-green and grass-like. The bulbs are tapering, like a carrot.[4][6]

The flowers are large, three-petaled, and are pink and purple. They bloom in June. [6]

Uses[edit]

First peoples in southern British Columbia harvested the bulbs from April to June. They can be eaten raw or cooked.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Douglas, David 1828. Transactions of the Horticultural Society of London 7(2): 276–277, plate 8
  3. ^ Gerritsen, M.E. & Parsons, R. (2007). Calochortus: Mariposa lilies & their relatives: 1-232. Timber press, Inc. Portland, U.S.A..
  4. ^ a b Calochortus macrocarpus in Flora of North America @ efloras.org
  5. ^ Jepson Manual
  6. ^ a b c Turner, Nancy J. Food Plants of Interior First Peoples (Victoria: University of British Columbia Press, 1997) ISBN 0-7748-0606-0

External links[edit]