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Highly-Urbanized City
Caloocan City Hall
Caloocan City Hall
Official seal of Caloocan
Motto: Moving from Vision to Victory
Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Caloocan City
Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Caloocan City
Caloocan is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°39′N 120°58′E / 14.65°N 120.97°E / 14.65; 120.97Coordinates: 14°39′N 120°58′E / 14.65°N 120.97°E / 14.65; 120.97
Country Philippines
Region National Capital Region
Province none (Former part of Rizal province until 1975)
Districts 1st and 2nd Districts of Caloocan City
Incorporated (town) 1815
Cityhood 16 February 1962
Barangays 188
 • Mayor Oscar Malapitan (UNA/NP)
 • Vice Mayor Macario Asistio III (UNA)
 • Sangguniang Panlungsod
 • Total 55.80 km2 (21.54 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)[3]
 • Total 1,489,040
 • Density 27,000/km2 (69,000/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 1400 for Caloocan City Post Office
Dialing code +63 (0)02

Caloocan City (Filipino: Lungsod ng Kalookan), is the third most populous city in the Philippines. It is one of the 16 cities that comprise the Philippines' National Capital Region of Metropolitan Manila. It was formerly a part of the Province of Rizal of the Philippines' Southern Luzon Region. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 1,489,040.[3] For so long, the city's name is colloquially spelled as Kalookan. The city comprises what is known as the CAMANAVA area along with cities Malabon, Navotas, and Valenzuela.


The ammunition train and reserves of the 20th Kansas Volunteers, Col. Frederick R. Funston, marching through Caloocan at night after the battle of February 10.

The city is historically significant because it was the center of activities for the Katipunan, the secret militant society that launched the Philippine Revolution during the Spanish occupation of the Philippines. It was in a house in Caloocan where secret meetings were held by Andrés Bonifacio and his men, and it was within the city's perimeters where the very first armed encounter took place between the Katipunan and the Spaniards.

In 1899 the city saw heavy fighting in the Philippine–American War, at the Battle of Caloocan and the Second Battle of Caloocan.

The word caloocan comes from the Tagalog root word lo-ok; kalook-lookan (or kaloob-looban) means "innermost area". The City borders many other cities such as Quezon City, Manila, Malabon, Navotas, Valenzuela and San Jose del Monte in the north. During the formation of the province of Rizal, Caloocan was included in its matrix until 1975.

Territorial controversy[edit]

By the 1920s, the consolidation of several municipalities, Caloocan had annexed the neighbouring town of Novaliches, as stated in the Act 942, as amended by Acts 984 and 1008 of the Philippine Commission, bringing its total area to about 15,000 hectares extended to the foothills of Marikina, San Mateo and Montalban in the east; Tinajeros, Tanza and Tala rivers in the North; San Francisco del Monte, Sampalok, Sta. Cruz and Tondo in the south; and Dagat-Dagatan or Aromahan in the west.

When Quezon City was created in 1939, 1,500 hectares of land from Caloocan, the following barrios or sitios namely: Balintawak, Balingasa, Kaingin, Kangkong, La Loma, Malamig, Matalahib, Masambong, Galas, San Isidro, San Jose, Santol and Tatalon, was to be given to the new capital city. Instead of opposing it, Caloocan residents willingly gave land to Quezon City in the belief it will benefit the country's new capital.

However, in 1949, Congress passed Republic Act No. 333, which redefined the Caloocan-Quezon City boundary. The barrios of Baesa, Talipapâ, San Bartolomé, Pasong Tamó, Novaliches, Banlat, Kabuyao, Pugad Lawin, Bagbag, Pasong Putik, which once belonged to Novaliches and had an area of about 8,100 hectares, were excised from Caloocan. The remaining portion of the Novaliches is now what we called the Northern Caloocan. This caused the division of Caloocan into two parts, the southern section being the urbanised portion, while the northern section becoming suburban-rural.

Political Geography[edit]

Caloocan is divided into two separate areas. Southern Caloocan City lies directly north of the Manila and is bounded by Malabon and Valenzuela to the north and west, Navotas to the west, and Quezon City to the east. Northern Caloocan City is the northernmost territory of Metro Manila; it lies east of Valenzuela, north of Quezon City, and south of San Jose del Monte, Meycauayan and Marilao in the province of Bulacan. Caloocan's northern part is much larger than its southern half.


The Caloocan City Police Station is under the parent agency National Capital Region Police Office's Northern Police District of the Philippine National Police.


Main article: Barangays of Caloocan

Caloocan is divided into 188 barangays. The city uses a hybrid system for its barangays – all barangays have their corresponding numbers but only a few - mostly in the northern part - have corresponding names.

Among all cities in Metro Manila, only Manila, Pasay and Caloocan implement the so-called "Zone Systems". A Zone is a group of barangays in a district. Although a zone is considered a subdivision in the local government units, the people do not elect a leader for the zone in a popular election similar to the normal barangay or local elections. The zoning system is merely for statistical purposes. Caloocan has 16 Zones. The biggest zone in Caloocan is Zone 15 located in District 1 (North Caloocan) directly west of the second biggest zone in Caloocan which is Zone 16.

Barangay Bagong Silang (176) is the largest barangay in the country with a population of 221,874 people.[4]


Population census of Caloocan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1975 397,201 —    
1980 467,816 +3.33%
1990 763,415 +5.02%
1995 1,023,159 +5.64%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
2000 1,177,604 +3.06%
2007 1,378,856 +2.20%
2010 1,489,040 +2.84%
Source: National Statistics Office[5]

As of 2010, the city has a population of 1,489,040 people which makes it the third largest city in the Philippines in terms of population.[3]

Most residents speak both Filipino and English, with considerable numbers speaking other languages and dialects.

Like many other places in the country, Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion in the city. There is a significant presence of Iglesia ni Cristo and other Protestant churches.


Caloocan City's 10th Avenue area is well known for the clusters of motorcycle dealers and motorcycle spare parts dealers. Among the major and famous streets are P. Zamora Street and A. Mabini Street.

Numerous banks have branches in the city such as Banco de Oro, East West Bank, MetroBank, Maybank, Chinabank, Bank of the Philippine Islands, Our Lady of Grace Credit Cooperative, etc.

The city also has a number of shopping malls and stand-alone supermarkets and hypermarkets including Victory Central Mall, Puregold Monumento, Araneta Square, Uniwide Warehouse Club Monumento, and SM Hypermarket Monumento which are located in Monumento area in the south; and Zabarte Town Center and Puregold Zabarte, which are located in Barangay 175 Camarin area at the north.

Manila North Tollways Corporation (the concession holder of the North Luzon Expressway), is headquartered in Caloocan.

Local government[edit]

List of Mayors and Vice Mayors[edit]

Municipality of Caloocan
Period of Tenure Mayor
1902–1904 Pedro Sevilla
1904–1906 Silverio Baltazar
1906–1908 Tomas Susano
1908–1910 Leon Nadurata
1910–1913 Emilio Sanchez
1913–1915 Godofredo Herrera
1915–1921 Jose Sanchez
1922–1925 Dominador Aquino
1926–1928 Pablo Pablo
1928–1931 Dominador Aquino
1932–1940 Pablo Pablo
1941–1944 Cornelio Cordero
1945–1946 Oscar Baello
1946–1951 Jesus Basa
1952–1962 Macario Asistio, Sr.
City of Caloocan
Period of Tenure Mayor
1962–1971 Macario Asistio, Sr.
1972–1976 Marcial Samson
1976–1978 Alejandro Fider
1978–1980 Virgilio Robles
1980–1986 Macario Asistio, Jr.
1986 Virgilio Robles
1986–1988 Antonio Martinez
1988–1995 Macario Asistio, Jr.
1995–2004 Reynaldo Malonzo
2004–2013 Enrico Echiverri
2013–2016 Oscar Malapitan
City of Caloocan
Period of Tenure Vice-Mayor
1950-1954 Anacleto Bustamante
1980-1986 Macario "Mac" Floro Ramirez Sr.
1988-1992 Celestino Rosca
1992-1995 Reynaldo Malonzo
1995-1998 Nancy Quimpo
1998–2001 Oscar Malapitan
2001-2010 Luis Varela
2010–2013 Edgar Erice
2013–2016 Macario Asistio, III



The Balintawak Toll Barrier of the North Luzon Expressway is located in Caloocan City.

The LRT-1 has a terminal at Monumento that passes through the city's 5th Avenue LRT Station. The railway traverses Rizal Avenue Extension and enters the City of Manila and Pasay City. The whole stretch can be travelled in about 30 minutes. Philippine National Railways also has a line, with its terminal at Samson Road, and passes through Caloocan railway station, Asistio Avenue railway station, & C-3 railway station.

The city has an extensive network of roads, the most prominent being Epifanio de los Santos Avenue, which begins in the Monumento area. Also, the North Luzon Expressway's Operations and Maintenance Center and the motorway's Balintawak Toll Barrier are in Caloocan City.

Bus line Victory Liner Incorporated has its headquarters and terminal along in Rizal Avenue Extension near the Monumento Station.


The city's most celebrated landmark is the monument to revolutionary Andrés Bonifacio, which stands on a roundabout at the northern terminus of EDSA. The memorial was erected in 1933, and consists of an obelisk with sculptures by National Artist Guillermo Tolentino. The monument marks the very first battle of the Philippine Revolution on 3 August 1896.

Recent renovations have been made on the environs of the monument, including the Bonifacio Circle, its former site, and the Caloocan stretch of EDSA, which is 100 metres away from the landmark. The whole area is known as Monumento.

City hall stands along A. Mabini Avenue in the southern part of the city, across the street from San Roque Parish Cathedral. The old city hall, on the other hand, still stands today in its present location at 9th Avenue. There is also a city hall in the northern part of the city. The city's District Office of the Bureau of Internal Revenue is along EDSA.


The city's lone public university is the University of Caloocan City (formerly Caloocan City Community College in 1971 & Caloocan City Polytechnic College in 1975). Other educational institution of higher learning are the University of the East - Caloocan, ABE International Business College, Holy Redeemer School of Kalookan, World Citi Colleges, Caloocan Central Elementary School and Manila Central University. Several high schools, such as Caloocan High School, Maria Clara High School, Notre Dame of Greater Manila, Caloocan National Science and Technology High School (North Caloocan's first-ever Science & Technology High School, its students will only be admitted if they passed a competitive examination. CNSTHS is located on Congressional Road, Brgy. 173, Bagumbong, Caloocan City.), Caloocan City Science High School, Caloocan City Business High School, Bagumbong High School (Main and Annex), Camarin High School, Tala High School, Sampaguita High School, Cielito Zamora High School, Bagong Silang High School, Deparo High School, Guardian Angel School, Holy Infant Montessori Center, Saint Benedict School of Novaliches, Saint Dominic Savio School of Caloocan City, Saint Andrew School MHANLE Inc., Philippine Cultural College (Annex), Northern Rizal Yorklin School, Systems Plus Computer College, St. Mary's Academy of Caloocan City, St. Gabriel Academy, St. Clare College of Caloocan, Mystical Rose School of Caloocan, Holy Angel School of Caloocan Inc., Immaculada Concepcion College, St. Agnes Academy of Caloocan Inc., St. Therese of Rose School, Young Achievers School of Caloocan, St. Joseph College of Novaliches, Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic School, Maranatha Christian Academy of Caloocan (Camarin), Kasarinlan High School, Camarin Elementary School (where Jonathan Y. Flores studied. Flores is the most outstanding student of all time in that school as of 2015) and the two campuses of La Consolacion College in which one is located in Novaliches in the northern part and the other one is located on the southern part, near the city hall. There is a campus here of Access Computer College, AMA Computer College Campus, a degree-awarding tertiary educational institution.

Sister cities[edit]


  • South Korea Incheon City (Hangul: 인천광역시), South Korea



  1. ^ "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "Province: NCR, THIRD DISTRICT". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "2010 Census of Population and Housing: National Capital Region" (PDF). National Statistics Office of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  4. ^ Background
  5. ^ "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 

External links[edit]