|Indo-Chinese forest lizard|
Duméril & Bibron, 1837
Physical Structure: Upper head-scales smooth or feebly keeled, imbricate, scarcely enlarged on supraorbital region; a few small spines on each side of the head above the tympanum; latter measuring at least half the diameter of the orbit. Gular sac small; gular scales feebly keeled, as large as dorsals. An oblique fold in front of the shoulder. Dorso-nuchal crest well developed in the male,composed of falciform spines directed backwards, the longest measuring the diameter of the orbit; it gradually decreases in height on the back, being reduced to a mere denticulation on the sacrum. 45-53 scales round the middle of the body; dorsal scales keeled, nearly twice as large as ventrals, all directed upwards and backwards; ventral scales strongly keeled. The adpressed hind limb reaches the tympanum or the posterior border of the orbit; fourth finger slightly longer than the third. Tail a little compressed, at the base with a slightly serrated upper ridge.
Color Pattern: Background color grey to olive, frequently with large transverse red spots on the back; lips yellowish.
Length: Maximum: 42 cm., Common: 28 cm. (Snout to vent 9.5 cm.).
Maximum published weight: ? g.
Cambodia, China (Yunnan), India (Mizoram), Laos, Myanmar (Tenasserim to Naypyitaw = Naypyitaw, Mandalay, and Kachin State [26°00N, 97°30E]), Thailand (north of the Istmus of Kra), & Vietnam (South). And possibly found in Bangladesh (Chittagong Hill tracts), adjacent to Mizoram province of India.
Bengali: নীল-মাথা গিরিগিটি (Neel-matha girigiti), নীলা রক্তচোষা (proposed)।
Burmese: ပုတ်သင်ညို (Pote Thin Nyo)
English: Blue-crested lizard, Indo-Chinese bloodsucker, Indo-Chinese forest lizard, White-lipped calotes.
Hindi & Mizo: ?
Khmer (Cambodian): ?
Thai: Ging-ga Hua Si Fa, Ging-ga Suan.
Feeds on crickets, grasshoppers, moths, and other insects.
No known practical uses. Plays an insectivorous role in its ecosystem.
Threat to humans
Non-venomous and harmless to humans. Can give a painful bite if handled, but is not dangerous.
IUCN threat status
Not Evaluated (NE).
- Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837 Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris.
- Calotes mystaceus at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 22 July 2014.
- Boulenger, G. A. 1890. Fauna of British India. Reptilia and Batrachia.
- Hallermann, J. 2005 Mit Hörnern, Kämmen und Gleithäuten - die bizarren Baumagamen. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (1): 18-25