Calotes rouxii

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Calotes rouxii
ForestCalotes.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Iguania
Family: Agamidae
Genus: Calotes
Species: C. rouxii
Binomial name
Calotes rouxii
A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1837[2]

Calotes rouxii, commonly known as Roux's forest lizard, is a species of agamid lizard, which is endemic to India.

Etymology[edit]

The specific name, rouxii, is in honor of Jean Louis Florent Polydore Roux, who was a French painter and naturalist.[3]

Description[edit]

A female roosting on hanging vegetation at night

C. rouxii can attain a total length (including tail) of up to 30 cm (12 in), but 25 cm (9.8 in) is more common. Its body has an olive-brown color, with a lighter belly, a dark band along the side of the head on to the neck, and dark lines radiating from the eye. The limbs are slender, with elongated toes. Two small groups of spines adorn each side of the neck.[4][5] In males, the upper part of the head, nape, and gular pouch become brick-red in the breeding season.[6]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

C. rouxii is endemic to western India, where it can be found in many localities (Western Ghats of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, and Eastern Ghats). It has been reported from the Protected Areas and reserve forests of Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Orissa. The species is generally widespread and common throughout its range. It can be found at elevations of 100–900 m (330–2,950 ft) above sea level, in forest habitats ranging from moist evergreen to dry scrub or secondary forests.[1]

Ecology[edit]

C. rouxii is an insectivore, hunting during the day both on the ground and in trees.[1] It is oviparous, breeding between April and September.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Srinivasulu B, Srinivasulu C, Vijayakumar SP, Ramesh M, Ganesan SR (2013). "Calotes rouxii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013: e.T172582A1346225. Retrieved 17 December 2015. 
  2. ^ Duméril AMC, Bibron G (1837). Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Tome quatrième [Volume 4]. Paris: Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret. 571 pp. + errata et emendanda. (Calotes rouxii, new species, pp. 407-408). (in French).
  3. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Calotes rouxii, p. 228).
  4. ^ Günther ACLG (1864). The Reptiles of British India. London: The Ray Society. (Taylor and Francis, printers).  xxviii + 452 pp. + Plates I-XXVI. (Calotes rouxii, p. 142).
  5. ^ Smith MA (1935). The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Amphibia. Vol. II.—Sauria. London: Secretary of State for India in Council. (Taylor and Francis, printers).  xiii + 440 pp. + Plate I + 2 maps. ("Calotes rouxi [sic]", pp. 206-207).
  6. ^ a b Sreekar R, Saini K, Rao SN, Purushotham CB (2011). "Predicting lizard gender: sexual dimporhism in Calotes rouxii (Reptilia: Agamidae) from Agumbe, Karnataka, India" (PDF). Herpetological Conservation and Biology. 6 (1): 75–80. 

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Boulenger GA (1890). The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. London: Secretary of State for India in Council. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xviii + 541 pp. (Calotes rouxii, p. 142).
  • Das I (2002). A Photographic Guide to Snakes and other Reptiles of India. Sanibel Island, Florida: Ralph Curtis Books. 144 pp. ISBN 0-88359-056-5. (Calotes rouxii, p. 73).