Calotes rouxii

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Calotes rouxii
ForestCalotes.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Iguania
Family: Agamidae
Genus: Calotes
Species: C. rouxii
Binomial name
Calotes rouxii
Duméril & Bibron, 1837[2]

Calotes rouxii, commonly known as Roux's forest lizard, is an agamid lizard endemic to India.

Description[edit]

A female roosting on hanging vegetation at night

The species can attain a total length of up to 30 cm, but 25 cm is more common. Its body has an olive-brown color, with a lighter belly, a dark band along the side of the head on to the neck, and dark lines radiating from the eye. The limbs are slender, with elongated toes. Two small groups of spines adorn each side of the neck.[3][4] In males, the upper part of the head, nape, and gular pouch become brick-red in the breeding season.[5]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

C. rouxii is endemic to western India, where it can be found in many localities (Western Ghats of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, and Eastern Ghats). It has been reported from the Protected Areas and reserve forests of Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Orissa. The species is generally widespread and common throughout its range. It can be found at elevations of 100-900 m above sea level, in forest habitats ranging from moist evergreen to dry scrub or secondary forests.[1]

Ecology[edit]

C. rouxii is an insectivore, hunting during the day both on the ground and in trees.[1] It is oviparous, breeding between April and September.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Srinivasulu, B., Srinivasulu, C., Vijayakumar, S.P., Ramesh, M. & Ganesan, S.R. (2013). "Calotes rouxii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (IUCN) 2013: e.T172582A1346225. Retrieved 17 December 2015. 
  2. ^ Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837 Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris.
  3. ^ Günther, C. A. L. (1864). The Reptiles of British India. London: Taylor & Francis. pp. xxvii + 452. 
  4. ^ Smith, M.A. (1943). 3 - Serpentes. The fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, including the whole of the Indo-Chinese sub-region, Reptilia and Amphibia. London: Taylor & Francis. pp. xii + 583. 
  5. ^ a b Sreekar, R.; Saini, K.; Rao, S.N.; Purushotham, C.B. (2011). "Predicting lizard gender: sexual dimporhism in Calotes rouxii (Reptilia: Agamidae) from Agumbe, Karnataka, India" (PDF). Herpetological Conservation and Biology 6 (1): 75–80. 

Further reading[edit]

"Calotes rouxii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1837". The Reptile Database.