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Calotomus carolinus, Carolines parrotfish
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Scaridae
Genus: Calotomus
Gilbert, 1890

5 extant, see text

Calotomus is a parrotfish genus from the Indo-Pacific, with a single species ranging into the warmer parts of the east Pacific. Compared to most of their relatives, their colours are relatively dull. Several species in this genus are associated with sea grass beds, but most can also be seen at reefs.


The genus includes these extant species.

A female Carolines parrotfish (C. carolinus) in the initial phase.
A male Carolines parrotfish (C. carolinus) in the terminal phase.

The fossil species, Calotomus preisli has been recovered from middle Miocene beds from Austria, suggesting the Paratethys Sea might have been tropical.[1]