Caltabellotta (Sicilian: Cataviddotta) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Agrigento in the Italian region Sicily, located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) south of Palermo and about 45 kilometres (28 mi) northwest of Agrigento.
Caltabellotta has been identified with the ancient town of the Sicani Triocala, captured by the Romans in 99 BC. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire and several centuries under the Byzantine Empire, it was stormed by the Arabs, who later built here a castle. In 1090 it was conquered by the Normans of Roger of Sicily.
The diocese of Triocala, called in Latin Trecalae in the Catholic Church's list of titular sees, is mentioned in the 6th-century Synecdemus as Τρόκαλις (Trocalis).
Its reputed first bishop was Saint Pellegrino, a disciple of Saint Peter. Historical documents give the names of four bishops of the see:
The town was the location of the Peace of Caltabellotta (1302) which ended the War of the Sicilian Vespers.
- ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
- ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013, ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 996
- ^ Hieroclis Synecdemus et notitiae graecae episcopatuum, accedunt Nili Doxapatrii notitia patriarchatuum et locorum nomina immutata, ex recognitione Gustavi Parthey, Berlin 1866, p. 77 (nº 586)
- ^ Giuseppe Cappelletti, Le Chiese d'Italia dalla loro origine sino ai nostri giorni, Venezia 1870, vol. XXI, pp. 606–607
piazza Fontana, Sant'Anna, Caltabellotta subtown.