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Calumet Baking Powder Company was an American food company established in 1889 in Chicago, Illinois, by baking powder salesman William Monroe Wright. His newly formulated double-acting baking powder took its name from the French-derived word for a Native American peace pipe given to the lands now known as Calumet City, Illinois. Wright's company adopted an Indian head as its trademark, an image not dissimilar to that later used by the Chicago Black Hawks ice hockey team.
In 1929, William Wright sold out to General Foods and Calumet Baking Powder became one of its many name brands. Wright, a fan of horse racing, would use his wealth to build what would become a world-renowned breeding and training operation in Lexington, Kentucky, which he named Calumet Farm. General Foods merged with Kraft Foods in 1990.