Calvary Baptist Church (Washington, D.C.)
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|Calvary Baptist Church|
Calvary Baptist Church in Washington, D.C.
|Location||755 8th Street, NW|
|Denomination||American Baptist Churches USA, Cooperative Baptist Fellowship, Alliance of Baptists|
|Former name(s)||E Street Baptist|
|Events||Founding of the Northern Baptists, now the American Baptist Churches USA|
|Senior pastor(s)||Rev. Sally Sarratt and Rev. Maria Swearingen|
Calvary Baptist Church is a diverse and historic Baptist church in the Chinatown neighborhood in Washington, D.C. affiliated with the American Baptist Churches USA, the Cooperative Baptist Fellowship, the Baptist Peace Fellowship of North America, the Alliance of Baptists, the District of Columbia Baptist Convention, and the Association of Welcoming and Affirming Baptists. It severed ties with the Southern Baptist Convention in July 2012. Since 2017, Calvary's Senior Co-Pastors have been Rev. Sally Sarratt and Rev. Maria Swearingen.
Mission and Congregation
Calvary focuses on its missions as an urban church in the heart of a great city. Its vision statement is:
We are an ecumenical, multi-racial, multi-ethnic Christian body committed to living faithfully in the heart of this great city. To that end we strive to be welcoming, responsive, trusting, and prayerful in everything we do.
Recently, this commitment has manifested in Calvary in its relationship with the Latino, and especially Salvadoran, population by introducing bilingual services and partnering with a church in El Salvador, led by Rev. Edgar Palacios. Calvary has also been involved in immigration reform efforts. Members of Calvary also were active on the issue of marriage equality.
In the past, this commitment has taken many forms. In the 1983, Calvary founded the Calvary Women's Shelter, now Calvary Women's Services, the first women's homeless shelter in Washington Metro area. Calvary's location near Chinatown has led to extensive outreach to the Chinese and Burmese communities. Calvary runs a summer camp, Camp Fraser near Great Falls, Virginia.
Calvary has played a significant role in Baptist life as the founding church of the Northern Baptist Convention (now the American Baptist Churches USA) in 1907, a leading church of the Baptist Sunday School movement at the turn of the century, a model for women's Sunday School, and is unique in Baptist life for having simultaneously had the President of the American Baptists, then pastor Clarence Cranford, and the Southern Baptists, former Democratic Member of Congress from Arkansas Brooks Hays, as members of the congregation. In 1955, it became the first white Baptist church in Washington, DC to admit an African-American member.
Calvary's sanctuary building was designed by the US-German architect Adolf Cluss, who also designed a number of other leading buildings in Washington.
- Sally Sarratt and Maria Swearingen, 2017–current
- Amy Butler, 2003–2014
- Lynn Bergfalk, 1987-2000
- George W. Hill, 1971-1986
- Clarence Cranford, 1942-1971
- William S. Abernethy, 1921–1941
- Samuel Harrison Greene, 1880–1920
- Auguste Frank Mason, 1876–1879
- Joseph Parker, 1870–1875
- Thomas R. Howlett, 1863–1869
- Joseph Spencer Kennard, 1862
As a church in Washington, it has had a number of high-profile members:258 including:
- Amos Kendall, the 8th United States Postmaster General and provided significant funding to found the church. The first floor of Calvary's sanctuary building is called Kendall Hall after Kendall.
- Charles Evans Hughes, the first President of the Northern Baptist Convention, the former Governor of New York, United States Secretary of State, and Chief Justice of the United States.
- President Warren G. Harding attended Calvary while President of the United States.
- William Shadrack Shallenberger, a former Republican Member of Congress from Pennsylvania and appointed Second Assistant Postmaster General by President William McKinley.:114 Shallenberger Hall, Calvary's largest meeting room, is named after him. Shallenberger served as the Superintendent of the Sunday School and taught the Vaughn Class.:110
- Fred Schwengel, a former Republican Member of Congress from Iowa and the founding President of the United States Capitol Historical Society. Schwengel lost re-election in 1972 after opposing prayer in school.
- Brooks Hays, a former Democratic Member of Congress from Arkansas and President of the Southern Baptist Convention. Hays was defeated for re-election after attempting to mediate the Little Rock Integration Crisis
- George W. Hill was a former pastor of Calvary, a leader of the American Baptist Convention, often appeared in national newspapers and television, and was a national peace activist. His efforts led to the founding of the U.S. Institute of Peace.
- "Directory of Churches". District of Columbia Baptist Convention. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
- "About Calvary". Calvary Baptist Church.
- "AWAB Member Congregations". Association of Welcoming and Affirming Baptists.
- Bob Allen (July 26, 2012). "Historic DC church severs SBC ties". Associated Baptist Press.
- Rev. Dr. Amy Butler (July 26, 2012). "Calvary Baptist pastor: Why we severed ties with the Southern Baptist Convention". The Washington Post.
- Gowan, Annie (March 28, 2010). "Seeking prayers that speak to all". Washington Post.
- Dale, Amy (April 3, 2010). "Calvary Baptist Church finds unity in diversity". Washington Post.
- Jessica Martinez (July 18, 2013). "Salvadorans May Replace Cubans as Third Largest US Hispanic Group". Christian Post.
- John Burnett (April 15, 2013). "Evangelicals Try To Soften Hearts On Overhauling Immigration". National Public Radio.
- Rev. Leah Grundset Davis (March 26, 2013). "Baptists from Mid-Atlantic rally in support of gay marriage as Supreme Court begins landmark case". Religious Herald.
- Bob Allen (March 30, 2010). "Legal gay marriage pushes sexuality to forefront for churches". Associated Baptist Press.
- Tiller, Carl (1994). At Calvary: A history of the first 125 years of Calvary Baptist Church, Washington, D.C., 1862-1987 : with glimpses of the years 1988-94. Trinity Rivers Pub.
- Taylor, Vincent (February 1, 1983). "Church Opens Doors for Homeless Women". The Washington Afro-American.
- "Camp Fraser". Calvary Baptist Church.
- Wilbur, William Allen (1914). Chronicles of Calvary Baptist Church. Washington, D.C.: Judd & Deitwiller, Inc.
- Samuel Harrison Greene (1903). The Twentieth Century Sunday School. Nashville, Tennessee: Sunday School Board, Southern Baptist Convention.
- Gram, Alice (December 1920). "Jessie Burrall -- Girl's Girl". Good Housekeeping: 13.
- "Dr. Clarence Cranford Honored on the 25th Anniversary of Work with Washington Church". Lewiston Evening Journal. March 10, 1967.
- Cornell, George (July 26, 1957). "Closer cooperation noted by North, South Baptists". Milwaukee Sentinel (AP).
- Gross, Edie (December 29, 2009). "Love God, love your neighbor". Duke Divinity School.
- Michael Alison Chandler (January 14, 2017). "Gay couple hired at Calvary Baptist in D.C. among a growing number of spouses called to co-pastor at nation’s churches". Washington Post. Retrieved 2017-01-14.
- Fisher, Marc (December 30, 2004). "D.C. Congregation Moved On Without Walking Away". Washington Post. p. B01. Retrieved 2010-06-07.
- "Staff". Calvary Baptist Church.
- City Gate » History
- Dr. Rev. Hill Obituary
- Bucknell University Alumni
- Kennard, Joseph Spencer (1901). Psychic power in preaching. G. W. Jacobs.
- "Harding a Farm Boy Who Rose by Work". The New York Times. April 3, 1923.
- Rudin, Ken (August 23, 2006). "What happens if Lieberman wins?". NPR.
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