Calvary Cemetery (Cleveland)

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Calvary Cemetery
Main gate sign - Calvary Cemetery.jpg
Details
EstablishedNovember 26, 1893
LocationCleveland, Ohio, U.S.
CountryUnited States
Coordinates41°26′25″N 81°36′25″W / 41.440356°N 81.606810°W / 41.440356; -81.606810Coordinates: 41°26′25″N 81°36′25″W / 41.440356°N 81.606810°W / 41.440356; -81.606810
TypePrivate
Owned byRoman Catholic Diocese of Cleveland
Size275 acres (1,110,000 m2)
No. of graves300,000 (2017)
WebsiteCalvary Cemetery
Find a GraveCalvary Cemetery
The Political GraveyardCalvary Cemetery

Calvary Cemetery is a Roman Catholic cemetery in Cleveland, Ohio, in the United States. The cemetery straddles the border between Cleveland and the city of Garfield Heights, with its offices within the city limits of Cleveland. Calvary Cemetery is the largest Catholic cemetery in Cleveland, and one of the largest in Ohio.

About the cemetery[edit]

The early stone receiving vault

In 1892, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Cleveland purchased approximately 105 acres (420,000 m2)[1][2][3] of land east of Broadway Avenue in what was then Newburgh Township. The cost of the land was $600 ($15,215 in 2017 dollars).[4] Formerly the Leand farm, it was named Calvary Cemetery.[5] Toledo cemetery designer, horticulturist, and cemetery superintendent Frank Eurich[6] designed Calvary as a lawn cemetery.[7] The land was regraded and other initial improvements made by The William H. Evers Engineering Company.[8] Calvary Cemetery was consecrated on November 26, 1893.[3][9]

Within just a few years, the cemetery featured a stone receiving vault, waiting room at the entrance, and a number of roads.[7] A streetcar spur ran adjacent to the cemetery, allowing caskets and funeral parties to reach the cemetery by electric train.[4]

Tunnel beneath the railroad tracks

Initially, the cemetery was bounded on its east side by the Connotton Valley Railway, whose tracks were laid in 1882.[10] An additional purchase of land east of the railroad tracks was made in 1900. Various figures have been cited for the size of this property: 50 acres (200,000 m2),[11][12] 200 acres (810,000 m2),[13] and 250 acres (1,000,000 m2).[14] Fifty acres appears to be the best figure, and is supported by an industry trade journal which reported the cemetery's total size as a total 160 acres (650,000 m2) in 1900.[7][a] Additional land was acquired by 1908, giving the cemetery either 250 acres (1,000,000 m2)[15] or 300 acres (1,200,000 m2) of total land.[16] The cemetery acquired the 13 acres (53,000 m2) Quigley farm and the 9 acres (36,000 m2) Stegkemper tract in 1910.[17] Calvary's reported size was 350 acres (1,400,000 m2) in 1936.[18] The streetcar line was torn up in 1947, and the 30 by 2,248 feet (9.1 by 685.2 m) strip of land sold to the cemetery for $600 ($6,576 in 2017 dollars).[4] Calvary Cemetery reportedly still had more than 300 acres (1,200,000 m2) of land in 2007.[2][19]

As of 2007, there were over 305,000 interments at Calvary Cemetery.[2] The first burials, of John and Catharine Hogan, were on November 30, 1893. Husband and wife, they died one day apart and were buried in section 10.[2] The largest number of burials occurred on November 4, 1918, during the Spanish flu pandemic. There were 81 burials that day. The total number of interments that month was 985.[9] The cemetery contains the Commonwealth war graves of two World War I soldiers of the Canadian Army.[20]

Calvary Cemetery is the largest Catholic cemetery in Cleveland,[21] and operated by the Catholic Cemeteries Association.[19]

Memorials[edit]

A large memorial angel atop a pedestal inscribed "Our Babies" was dedicated on November 2, 1952, in what is now section 105 of the cemetery. This section was then set aside for the burial of infants and children. The news media did not identify the sculptor or manufacturer.[22]

In 1966, the cemetery opened a new section (now identified as Section 43) near the E. 100th Street entrance. This section was dedicated to in-ground, flat headstones typical of lawn cemeteries. Overlooking the section, the cemetery constructed a grotto and placed a life-size terracotta statue of Christ in the niche. The manufacturer of the statue was not identified by the press.[23]

A statue of Our Lady, Queen of Heaven was erected at the E. 100th Street entrance of Calvary Cemetery in 2001. The statue was paid for by the Lausche Foundation, and dedicated to the memory Senator Frank Lausche.[24]

After the Diocese of Cleveland closed or merged more than 75 parishes between 2006 and 2010, several works of art were moved to Calvary Cemetery. After St. Hyacinth Church closed in September 2009, its monument to Catholic war veterans was moved to the entrance of Calvary Cemetery.[25] St. Margaret of Hungary Church originally was located in Cleveland's Buckeye–Shaker neighborhood. In 1960, parishioners erected a life-size statuary group to honor church members who had died in World War II. The group featured a crucified Christ, three women, and two angels. The sculptures were set on brick and concrete pedestals, with a bronze plaque attacked to the main pedestal. When St. Margaret of Hungary Church moved to Orange, Ohio, in 1989, the statue group was relocated as well. The church closed in November 2009, and the diocese removed the statuary group a month later.[25] Initially, the diocese intended to disperse the statuary group among several cemeteries. After months of discussion with former St. Margaret parishioners, the diocese agreed to reinstall the complete grouping near the cemetery's 116th Street entrance, where many World War II dead are buried. The cost of the installation was $30,000 ($0 in 2017 dollars), and the memorial rededicated in mid-September 2010.[26]

Notable interments[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Only 40 acres (160,000 m2) were improved, however.[7]
Citations
  1. ^ Hynes 1953, p. 490.
  2. ^ a b c d Vigil 2007, p. 24.
  3. ^ a b "God's Acre Opened By Catholics With Many Solemn Ceremonies". The Plain Dealer. November 27, 1893. p. 4.
  4. ^ a b c Hawkins, Larry (October 2, 1947). "Dead-Duck Lots Make Gravy for C.T.S. Now". The Plain Dealer. pp. 1, 5.
  5. ^ Avery 1918, p. 612.
  6. ^ Visser & Jayne 2015, p. 15.
  7. ^ a b c d "Annual Convention of Cemetery Superintendents". The Monumental News. October 1900. p. 559. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
  8. ^ Orth 1910a, p. 179.
  9. ^ a b c d e "Calvary Cemetery". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. February 16, 2005. Retrieved April 19, 2009.
  10. ^ Sanders 2014, p. 119.
  11. ^ Orth 1910b, p. 213.
  12. ^ "Bishop Horstmann Dies As Recovery Seems Near". The Plain Dealer. May 14, 1908. pp. 1, 2.
  13. ^ Avery 1918, p. 90.
  14. ^ "Catholic Church Grows To 175,000". The Plain Dealer. May 23, 1916. p. 11.
  15. ^ The Catholic Encyclopedia 1908, p. 57.
  16. ^ "Extend Cemetery Before Thousands". The Plain Dealer. October 26, 1908. p. 6.
  17. ^ "Deeds Filed For Cemetery". The Plain Dealer. October 15, 1910. p. 16.
  18. ^ "New Type Grass Defeats Winter". The Plain Dealer. March 15, 1936. p. 27.
  19. ^ a b DeBus, Bill; Bonchak, Jean (February 4, 2013). "Cemeteries deal with growing popularity of cremation". The News-Herald. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
  20. ^ [1] CWGC Cemetery report, details from casualty record.
  21. ^ Anderson 2017, p. x.
  22. ^ "10,000 Mark All Souls Feast". The Plain Dealer. November 3, 1952. p. 8.
  23. ^ "New Calvary Cemetery Area Is Modernized". The Plain Dealer. June 25, 1966. p. 39.
  24. ^ Odenkirk 2005, p. 393.
  25. ^ a b Hyland, Pat (December 3, 2009). "Diocese removes St. Margaret war memorial in Orange". Chagrin-Solon Sun News. Retrieved July 29, 2018.
  26. ^ Boone, Faith (September 16, 2010). "War memorial moved from Orange Village to Cleveland cemetery". Chagrin-Solon Sun News. Retrieved July 29, 2018.
  27. ^ a b c Vigil 2007, p. 26.
  28. ^ a b c Vigil 2007, p. 25.
  29. ^ Wilson & Mank 2016, p. 296.
  30. ^ Vigil 2007, pp. 26-27.
  31. ^ "Tests 'Miracles' of 'Singing Grave'". The Plain Dealer. November 11, 1936. p. 24.
  32. ^ Vigil 2007, p. 27.
  33. ^ Vigil 2007, p. 28.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]