Gastropila fumosa

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Gastropila fumosa
Gastropila fumosa 159487.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Agaricaceae
Genus: Gastropila
Species: G. fumosa
Binomial name
Gastropila fumosa
(Zeller) P.Ponce de León (1976)
Synonyms[1]
  • Calvatia fumosa Zeller (1947)
  • Handkea fumosa (Zeller) Kreisel (1989)
Gastropila fumosa
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
glebal hymenium
no distinct cap
spore print is brown
ecology is mycorrhizal
edibility: unknown

Gastropila fumosa is a species of puffball in the family Agaricaceae. It was first described as Calvatia fumosa by American mycologist Sanford Myron Zeller in 1947,[2] and later transferred to Gastropila in 1976.[3] Some authors place it instead in the genus Handkea, circumscribed by Hanns Kreisel in 1989.[4]

Description[edit]

The fruit body is anywhere from golf ball size to baseball size, round to oval, 3–8 cm (1.2–3.1 in) broad, thick, at first smooth and white, soon becoming grayish to brownish. The spores are firm and white at first, then yellowish or olive, and then dark brown and powdery. The species has an unpleasant smell. The edibility is unknown.[5]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The species fruits singly, in groups, or in small clusters on soil in spruce-fir forests in the Rocky Mountains and westward in the summer and fall.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gastropila fumosa (Zeller) P. Ponce de León :458, 1976". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2013-02-13. 
  2. ^ Zeller SM (1947). "More notes on Gasteromycetes". Mycologia. 39 (3): 282–312 (see p. 300). doi:10.2307/3755205. JSTOR 3755205. 
  3. ^ Ponce De León P. (1976). "Notes on the genus Gastropila". Phytologia. 33 (7): 455–466. 
  4. ^ Kreisel H. (1989). "Studies in the Calvatia complex (Basidiomycetes)". Nova Hedwigia. 48: 281–296. 
  5. ^ Arora D. (1986). Mushrooms Demystified: A Comprehensive Guide to the Fleshy Fungi. Berkeley, California: Ten Speed Press. p. 688. ISBN 0-89815-169-4. 
  6. ^ McKnight VB, McKnight KH (1987). A Field Guide to Mushrooms: North America. Peterson Field Guides. Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin. p. 352. ISBN 0-395-91090-0. 

External links[edit]