Calveley

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For the surname, see Calveley (surname).
Calveley
Calveley Church - geograph.org.uk - 299802.jpg
Calveley Church
Calveley is located in Cheshire
Calveley
Calveley
Calveley shown within Cheshire
Population 280 (2011)
OS grid reference SJ591589
Civil parish
  • Calveley
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town TARPORLEY
Postcode district CW6
Dialling code 01829
Police Cheshire
Fire Cheshire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cheshire
Coordinates: 53°07′30″N 2°36′43″W / 53.125°N 2.612°W / 53.125; -2.612

Calveley is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. The village lies at SJ591589, 5½ miles to the north west of Nantwich. The parish also includes parts of the settlements of Barrets Green and Wardle Bank.[1] The total population is 280 people. The area is largely agricultural and includes a short stretch of the Shropshire Union Canal. There is an Anglican parish church, a primary school and a public house. Nearby villages include Alpraham, Bunbury, Haughton and Wardle.

History[edit]

Former Calveley station in 1990

Watfield Pavement, a stone road believed to have originally formed part of a Roman road from Chester to Chesterton in Staffordshire, passed through the parish.[2] Originally held by the de Calveleys, the manor passed by marriage to the Davenport family in 1369.[3] Their seat was at Calveley Hall. John Wesley is supposed to have visited the hall in 1749.[4] The original hall was demolished at the end of the 18th century, and its replacement was also demolished in 1952.[3][4][5]

A railway station at the village opened between 1840 and 1842. It remained open for passenger use until 7 March 1960 and for goods until 2 November 1964.[6] There was a canal wharf to transfer goods between the canal and the railway.[7]

Governance[edit]

Calveley is administered by the Calveley Parish Council.[8] From 1974 the civil parish was served by Crewe and Nantwich Borough Council, which was succeeded on 1 April 2009 by the unitary authority of Cheshire East.[9] Calveley falls in the parliamentary constituency of Eddisbury,[10] which has been represented by Antoinette Sandbach since 2015, after being represented by Stephen O'Brien (1999–2015).

Geography and transport[edit]

Dairy pasture near Fields Farm, close to the parish's high point

Most of the civil parish is agricultural, with Fox Covert, Old Covert, Ladyacre Wood and several smaller areas of woodland, as well as numerous scattered small meres and ponds. Ankersplatt Brook forms part of the north-western boundary; Bankside Brook runs in the north of the parish, also forming a short stretch of the north-eastern boundary; and a tributary of Crowton Brook forms part of the south-eastern boundary. The terrain slopes gently from a high point of around 65 metres at SJ60005952, near Fields Farm, to low points of around 40 metres in the north of the parish and of around 50 metres at the south-western boundary.[11]

The Shropshire Union Canal and the A51 (Nantwich Road) run for a few hundred metres across the south-west corner of the civil parish, near Calveley village. The road and canal then run side by side along the parish's south-western boundary, with this stretch of the canal falling within the adjacent parish of Wardle. The CreweChester railway follows a similar line, around 100–200 metres inside the parish boundary, and is crossed by an accommodation bridge at SJ60035823. There is a petrol station on the A51 near Tweedale Canal Bridge. Calveley Hall Lane runs from the A51 in Wardle via Wardle Bank to Long Lane, which forms part of the parish's north-western boundary, looping back to the A51 within the parish of Alpraham. Calveley Green Lane connects Calveley Hall Lane with Cholmondeston.[11]

Demography[edit]

The Davenport Arms

According to the 2001 census, the parish had a population of 269,[12] rising to 280 in 107 households in the 2011 census.[13] This represents a decline from the 1901 population; the historical population figures are 144 (1801), 212 (1851), 312 (1901) and 202 (1951).[1] The population density was 0.4 persons/hectare in 2011, well below the average of 3.2 persons/hectare for Cheshire East.[13]

Places of worship[edit]

Calveley Church on Calveley Hall Lane (at SJ6038459270) dates from the 17th century. Originally a barn, it became a coach house to Calveley Hall and, in around 1838, the hall's private chapel. When the hall was demolished, it became an Anglican parish church. It is listed at grade II, the lowest grade.[14][15]

Other landmarks[edit]

Calveley School

The Woodlands is a grade-II-listed red-brick farmhouse dating from the late 18th century.[16] The mid-19th-century brick stables of Calveley Hall survive; they are also listed at grade II.[17] The Davenport Arms is the only public house in the village.[4]

Education[edit]

Calveley Primary Academy on Calveley Green Lane serves the civil parish, as well as the adjacent parishes of Alpraham, Cholmondeston, Stoke, Wardle and Wettenhall.[18] Calveley falls within the catchment area of Tarporley High School in Tarporley for secondary education.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Calveley, UK & Ireland Genealogy, retrieved 14 August 2007 
  2. ^ "Watfield Pavement", Revealing Cheshire's Past, Cheshire East and Cheshire West and Chester councils, retrieved 14 October 2016 
  3. ^ a b Gastrell 1845, p. 218
  4. ^ a b c Cheshire Federation of Women's Institutes 1990, pp. 16–17
  5. ^ Calveley Church, St Boniface's Church, Bunbury, retrieved 14 October 2016 
  6. ^ Calveley, disused-stations.org 
  7. ^ Fisher 2009, p. 157
  8. ^ Calveley Parish Council, Cheshire East Council, retrieved 14 October 2016 
  9. ^ Cheshire (Structural Changes) Order 2008 Archived May 17, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ "Eddisbury", Interactive Mapping, Cheshire East Council & Cheshire West and Chester Council, retrieved 12 October 2016 
  11. ^ a b Explorer 257: Crewe & Nantwich: Whitchurch & Tattenhall, Ordnance Survey 
  12. ^ Neighbourhood Statistics: Calveley CP (accessed 12 August 2007)
  13. ^ a b "Area: Calveley (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics", Neighbourhood Statistics, Office for National Statistics, 2011, retrieved 14 October 2016 
  14. ^ Calveley Church, Historic England, retrieved 13 October 2016 
  15. ^ Hartwell et al. 2011, pp. 200–1
  16. ^ The Woodlands, Historic England, retrieved 14 October 2016 
  17. ^ Former stables of Calveley Hall, Historic England, retrieved 14 October 2016 
  18. ^ "Calveley Primary Academy", Interactive Mapping, Cheshire East Council & Cheshire West and Chester Council, retrieved 14 October 2016 
  19. ^ "Tarporley High School and 6th Form College", Interactive Mapping, Cheshire East Council & Cheshire West and Chester Council, retrieved 14 October 2016 

Sources