Calver

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Calver
Calver and Mill - geograph.org.uk - 1244884.jpg
Calver, with mill in background
Calver is located in Derbyshire
Calver
Calver
Location within Derbyshire
Population710 (2011)
OS grid referenceSK240745
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townHOPE VALLEY
Postcode districtS32
Dialling code01433
PoliceDerbyshire
FireDerbyshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
EU ParliamentEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire
53°16′01″N 1°38′24″W / 53.267°N 1.640°W / 53.267; -1.640Coordinates: 53°16′01″N 1°38′24″W / 53.267°N 1.640°W / 53.267; -1.640
Calver Mill, a 6-storey textile mill of 1803-04, now converted to apartments.

Calver (Old English Calf Slope[1]) is a village and civil parish in Derbyshire, England. The population of the civil parish as of the 2011 census was 710.[2]

Overview[edit]

Calver is a small village situated in the Derwent Valley, Derbyshire. The village is bordered by the River Derwent and intersected by the A623 trunk road, responsible for carrying traffic between Manchester to the west, Sheffield to the north and Chesterfield to the east.

Stoke Hall is nearby.

Today, the village's buildings are predominantly residential, but some local enterprises, including a craft centre, garden centre, petrol station and shop, garage, and two pubs remain. It is also home to Cliff College, which was founded in 1883. There are two camp sites in Calver and many walkers visit the area.

Historic mills[edit]

The village is the site of an historic cotton mill opened in 1778 by John Gardom of Bakewell and John Pares of Leicester in place of a corn mill at leased from Thomas Eyre of Hassop.

By 1785 the mill had been developed and stood at three-storeys. In 1799, however, the River Derwent washed away Calver Bridge and took part of the mill with it; shortly after this event, the mill was burned to the ground. A new mill was subsequently constructed, and began production in 1804. By 1830 it employed 200 workers and in 1833 new, larger, water wheels were constructed.[3]

Spinning finished in 1923, but during the Second World War the mill was used as a storage depot and as a plant for crushing and washing fluorspar used in steelmaking. In 1947 the mill was bought by W & G Sissons to produce stainless steel holloware.

The water wheels have disappeared, though their housings still exist and the building has been restored for use as apartments.

The village was also the home to a corn mill, also called Calver Mill.[4] It was constructed in the mid eighteen hundreds on the site of a smelting mill. The pitchback wheel was about 5m in diameter and 1.7m in width. The millpond may have had various sources, including water in Calver sough extracted from the mine.

Media[edit]

The Mill was used as a set during production of the television series Colditz Castle. It has since been converted into apartments.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Calver". Key to English Place-names. English Place Name Society at the University of Nottingham. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
  3. ^ Cooper 1983, p. 99.
  4. ^ http://www.pdmhs.com/PDFs/ScannedBulletinArticles/Bulletin%2010-5%20-%20Calver%20Mill.pdf Archived 2007-10-24 at the Wayback Machine Lynne Willies, Peak District Mines Historic Society 1989, accessed 2009-06-25
  • Cooper, Brian (1983), Transformation of a Valley: The Derbyshire Derwent (New, Scarthin 1997 Reprint ed.), London: Heinemann, ISBN 0-907758-17-7

External links[edit]