Calvi, Haute-Corse

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Calvi
View of the citadel
View of the citadel
Flag of Calvi
Coat of arms of Calvi
Location of Calvi
Calvi is located in France
Calvi
Calvi
Calvi is located in Corsica
Calvi
Calvi
Coordinates: 42°34′07″N 8°45′25″E / 42.5686°N 8.7569°E / 42.5686; 8.7569Coordinates: 42°34′07″N 8°45′25″E / 42.5686°N 8.7569°E / 42.5686; 8.7569
CountryFrance
RegionCorsica
DepartmentHaute-Corse
ArrondissementCalvi
CantonCalvi
IntercommunalityCalvi Balagne
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Ange Santini[1]
Area
1
31.20 km2 (12.05 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
5,666
 • Density180/km2 (470/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
2B050 /20260
Elevation0–700 m (0–2,297 ft)
(avg. 81 m or 266 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Calvi (/ˈkælv/; French: [kalvi]; Italian: [ˈkalvi]; Corsican: [ˈkalvi]) is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica.

It is the seat of the Canton of Calvi, which contains Calvi and one other commune, Lumio. Calvi is also the capital of the Arrondissement of Calvi, which contains, besides the Canton of Calvi, three other cantons: L'Île-Rousse, Belgodère, and Calenzana.[3] According to legend, Christopher Columbus supposedly came from Calvi, which at the time was part of the Genoese Empire. Because the often subversive elements of the island gave its inhabitants a bad reputation, he would have been expected to mask his exact birthplace.

Geography[edit]

Panorama of Calvi and its Gulf seen from Notre-Dame de La Serra

Calvi is located on the northwest coast of the island of Corsica, 95 km (59 mi) from Bastia and 24 km (15 mi) from L'Île-Rousse. It is the fifth-largest commune in Corsica; however, the arrondissement is the smallest.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Calvi, Haute-Corse (1981–2010 averages, extremes 1960–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 23.3
(73.9)
22.5
(72.5)
28.8
(83.8)
32.1
(89.8)
36.0
(96.8)
39.2
(102.6)
42.1
(107.8)
40.6
(105.1)
37.4
(99.3)
32.9
(91.2)
29.8
(85.6)
25.4
(77.7)
42.1
(107.8)
Average high °C (°F) 13.6
(56.5)
13.9
(57.0)
15.9
(60.6)
18.4
(65.1)
22.7
(72.9)
26.5
(79.7)
29.8
(85.6)
29.7
(85.5)
26.1
(79.0)
22.2
(72.0)
17.5
(63.5)
14.6
(58.3)
20.9
(69.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
9.2
(48.6)
11.2
(52.2)
13.5
(56.3)
17.4
(63.3)
21.2
(70.2)
24.2
(75.6)
24.3
(75.7)
21.0
(69.8)
17.5
(63.5)
13.2
(55.8)
10.3
(50.5)
16.1
(61.0)
Average low °C (°F) 4.8
(40.6)
4.6
(40.3)
6.5
(43.7)
8.6
(47.5)
12.2
(54.0)
15.9
(60.6)
18.6
(65.5)
18.9
(66.0)
16.0
(60.8)
12.9
(55.2)
8.9
(48.0)
6.1
(43.0)
11.2
(52.2)
Record low °C (°F) −5.6
(21.9)
−3.9
(25.0)
−4.6
(23.7)
−0.4
(31.3)
3.7
(38.7)
7.5
(45.5)
10.6
(51.1)
12.3
(54.1)
7.9
(46.2)
2.6
(36.7)
−2.3
(27.9)
−4.2
(24.4)
−5.6
(21.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 56.2
(2.21)
44.5
(1.75)
57.2
(2.25)
69.4
(2.73)
41.2
(1.62)
35.5
(1.40)
8.4
(0.33)
27.1
(1.07)
61.2
(2.41)
79.8
(3.14)
109.9
(4.33)
77.9
(3.07)
668.3
(26.31)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6.0 5.5 6.2 7.2 5.1 3.2 1.0 1.9 5.3 7.1 8.6 8.1 65.1
Average snowy days 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 1.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 135.6 155.5 206.5 233.0 290.0 324.5 370.1 323.2 243.7 182.5 130.6 118.3 2,713.4
Source: Meteo France[4]

History[edit]

Calvi was founded in the 13th century.[5] Its motto, "Calvi semper fidelis" ("Calvi Always Faithful"), referred originally to its loyalty to the Republic of Genoa, which instated there a closed city centre (préside) in 1278, and built a new castle in 1491 to face new artillery technologies.[6] The motto originates from 1553 when Calvi repulsed two attacks by the French and Turks,[5] aided by Corsican exiles.

During the war with Revolutionary France, British forces under Admiral Nelson and Lieutenant-General Charles Stuart captured the city in the Siege of Calvi in 1794. It was during the bombardment of Calvi that Nelson sustained the injury that cost him his eye. The town was retaken by Corsicans the following year.[5]

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18001,162—    
18061,083−6.8%
18211,175+8.5%
18311,382+17.6%
18361,457+5.4%
18411,746+19.8%
18461,502−14.0%
18511,837+22.3%
18561,412−23.1%
18612,069+46.5%
18661,884−8.9%
18722,175+15.4%
18761,998−8.1%
18812,023+1.3%
18861,987−1.8%
18912,162+8.8%
18962,132−1.4%
19011,998−6.3%
19062,077+4.0%
19112,269+9.2%
19212,387+5.2%
19262,586+8.3%
19312,827+9.3%
19362,824−0.1%
19462,053−27.3%
19542,035−0.9%
19622,258+11.0%
19682,767+22.5%
19753,530+27.6%
19823,579+1.4%
19904,815+34.5%
19995,177+7.5%
20065,409+4.5%
20165,524+2.1%

Economy[edit]

Port of Calvi

The economy of Calvi is essentially based on summer tourism, which started in 1950 due to the pioneering efforts of Vladimir Raitz.

Transport[edit]

Calvi is served by the international Calvi - Sainte-Catherine Airport, the Xavier Colonna Port, and a metre-gauge railway line to L'Île-Rousse and Ponte-Leccia, connecting with the standard gauge main line Ajaccio - Bastia.

Monuments[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ "France, le trésor des régions: Département: Haute-Corse" (in French). Retrieved 2008-05-06..
  4. ^ "Calvi (20)" (PDF). Fiche Climatologique: Statistiques 1981–2010 et records (in French). Meteo France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 October 2019. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
  5. ^ a b c  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Calvi". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 70–71.
  6. ^ Catherine Herrgott (2013-12-15). "Les citadelles urbaines en Corse : patrimonialisation d'un territoire particulier". Études caribéennes (in French) (26). doi:10.4000/etudescaribeennes.6714. Retrieved 2017-05-16.

External links[edit]