Calyce (mythology)

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In Greek mythology, Calyce (Ancient Greek: Καλύκη Kalyke) or Calycia is the name of several characters.

  • Calyce, a daughter of Aeolus and Enarete.[1] Some sources state that she was the mother of Endymion, king of Elis, by her husband Aethlius, king of Elis[2] or by Zeus.[3] Other sources make her mother, not wife, of Aethlius (again by Zeus), and omit her giving birth to Endymion.[4]
  • Calyce, one of the Nysiads, the nymphs who nursed Dionysus.[5]
  • Calyce, mother of Poseidon's son Cycnus.[6] She is given as the daughter of Hecaton. Cycnus was born in secret, and left to die on the coast, but went on to become a king.[7] In some accounts, the mother of Cycnus was called Harpale[8] or Scamandrodice[9] or lastly, an unnamed Nereid.[10]
  • Calyce, a chaste maiden who was in love with one Euathlus and prayed to Aphrodite that she may become his wife rather than mistress. Nevertheless, Euathlus rejected her and she threw herself off a cliff.[11]
  • Calyce, a maenad named in a vase painting.[12]

Modern references[edit]

  • The lunar crater Kalyke is named after the first Kalyke, as is a moon of Jupiter.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Apollodorus, 1.7.3
  2. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 5.1.2
  3. ^ Apollodorus, 1.7.5
  4. ^ Hesiod, Ehoiai fr. 10(a) and 245 (quoted in scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 4. 57).
  5. ^ Nonnus, Dionysiaca 14.219 ff & 29.251
  6. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 157
  7. ^ A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology. By various writers. Ed. by William Smith. Illustrated by numerous engravings on wood. Author: Smith, William, Sir, ed. 1813-1893.
  8. ^ Scholia on Pindar, Olympian Ode 2.147
  9. ^ Tzetzes on Lycophron, Alexandra 232
  10. ^ Murray, John (1833). A Classical Manual, being a Mythological, Historical and Geographical Commentary on Pope's Homer, and Dryden's Aeneid of Virgil with a Copious Index. Albemarle Street, London. p. 78.
  11. ^ Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae 14.11, referring to Stesichorus
  12. ^ Walters, Henry Beauchamp (1905). History of Ancient Pottery: Greek, Etruscan, and Roman: Based on the Work of Samuel Birch. 2. pp. 66.

References[edit]