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In Greek mythology, Kalydnos (Greek: Κάλυδνος, latinized as Calydnus) was a son of Uranus and the first king of Thebes, after whom the city was thought to have been called Calydna.[1] He was believed to have built the first fortifications of the city, which was why Thebes were sometimes referred to as the "citadel of Calydnus". Calydnus was succeeded by Ogygus.[2]

A certain Calydnus was also the mythical eponym of the island Calydna near Troy.[1][3]


  1. ^ a b Stephanus of Byzantium, s. v. Kalydna
  2. ^ Tzetzes on Lycophron, 1206 & 1209
  3. ^ Tzetzes on Lycophron, 25