Calyptorhynchus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Calyptorhynchus
RedTailedBlackCockatoo (Redphoenix).jpg
Calyptorhynchus banksii
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cacatuidae
Subfamily: Calyptorhynchinae
Bonaparte, 1853
Genus: Calyptorhynchus
Desmarest, 1826
Species

Five, in two subgenera

Described by French naturalist Anselme Gaëtan Desmarest in 1826,[1] the genus Calyptorhynchus has five species of cockatoos. They are all mostly black in colour, and the taxa may be differentiated partly by size and partly by small areas of red, grey, and yellow plumage, especially in the tail feathers. It is the sole genus of the "dark cockatoo" subfamily Calyptorhynchinae. Studies based on the mitochondrial DNA 12S gene fragment suggested that other sexually dichromatic species, the gang-gang cockatoo and the cockatiel may be the closest living relatives of Calyptorhynchus. [2] However, subsequent studies, including more genes confirm the morphological taxonomy with the gang-gang cockatoo most closely related to the galah, within the white cockatoo group, and with the cockatiel as a third distinct subfamily of cockatoos.[3] Two subgenera (Calyptorhynchus and Zanda) are recognized based on the colouration of the species, and presence of sexual dimorphism:

Subgenus Image Scientific name Common name Subspecies Distribution
Calyptorhynchus - black-and-red cockatoos Calyptorhynchus banksii (pair)-8-2cp.jpg Calyptorhynchus (Calyptorhynchus) banksii Red-tailed black cockatoo
  • Calyptorhynchus (Calyptorhynchus) banksii banksii
  • Calyptorhynchus (Calyptorhynchus) banksii graptogyne
  • Calyptorhynchus (Calyptorhynchus) banksii macrorhynchus
  • Calyptorhynchus (Calyptorhynchus) banksii naso
  • Calyptorhynchus (Calyptorhynchus) banksii samueli
Australia
Glossy black cockatoo male kobble08.JPG Calyptorhynchus (Calyptorhynchus) lathami Glossy black cockatoo
  • Calyptorhynchus (Calyptorhynchus) lathami lathami
  • Calyptorhynchus (Calyptorhynchus) lathami erebus
  • Calyptorhynchus (Calyptorhynchus) lathami halmaturinus
eastern Australia.
Zanda - black-and-yellow/white cockatoos Calyptorhynchus funereus (male) -Wamboin-8.jpg Calyptorhynchus (Zanda) funereus Yellow-tailed black cockatoo
  • Calyptorhynchus (Zanda) funereus funereus
  • Calyptorhynchus (Zanda) funereus whiteae (not widely accepted)[4]
  • Calyptorhynchus (Zanda) funereus xanthanotus
south-east of Australia
Short Billed Black Cockatoo Feeding.jpg Calyptorhynchus (Zanda) latirostris Carnaby's black cockatoo southwest Australia
Calyptorhynchus baudinii (male) -Margaret River-8.jpg Calyptorhynchus (Zanda) baudinii Baudin's black cockatoo southwest Australia

References[edit]

  1. ^ Desmarest, Anselme Gaëtan (1826). "Parrots" [Parrots]. Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles dans lequel on traite méthodiquement des différens êtres de la nature... [Dictionary of Natural Sciences, where all natural beings are treated methodically...] (in French). 39 (PEROQ–PHOQ). Strasbourg: F.G. Levrault. pp. 21, 117. OCLC 4345179.
  2. ^ (Brown & Toft, 1999).
  3. ^ White, Nicole E.; et al. (2011). "The evolutionary history of cockatoos (Aves: Psittaciformes: Cacatuidae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 59 (3): 615–622. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.03.011. PMID 21419232.
  4. ^ Higgins, p. 76.

Further reading[edit]

  • Astuti, Dwi (2004?): A phylogeny of cockatoos (Aves: Psittaciformes) inferred from DNA sequences of the seventh intron of nuclear β-fibrinogen gene. Doctoral work, Graduate School of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Japan. PDF fulltext
  • Brown, D.M.; Toft, C.A. (1999). "Molecular systematics and biogeography of the cockatoos (Psittaciformes: Cacatuidae)". Auk. 116 (1): 141–157. doi:10.2307/4089461. JSTOR 4089461.
  • Higgins, P.J. (1999). Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds. Volume 4: Parrots to Dollarbird. Melbourne: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-553071-1.