Sanctus Chamuel, stained-glass window at St Michael's Church, Brighton, England.
|Venerated in||Judaism, Anglicanism|
Camael is probably an alternate spelling of either חַמּוּאֵל (from chammah חַמָּה: "heat", "rage"—"anger/wrath of God") or Qemuel קְמוּאֵל (from qum קוּם: "to arise", "to stand up"—"God is risen", "raised by God", "one who sees/stands before God").
According to poet Gustav Davidson's popular work A Dictionary of Angels, Including the Fallen Angels (1967), he is known as one of the ten Kabbalah angels, assigned to the sephira Gevurah. Camael's name is also included in Pseudo-Dionysius' 5th or 6th century AD, Corpus Areopagiticum as one of the seven Archangels along with Michael, Gabriel, Raphael, Uriel, Jophiel, and Zadkiel. He is claimed to be the leader of the forces that expelled Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden holding a flaming sword. But in iconography he is often depicted holding a cup.
Camael is not recognized by mainstream Christians, as was included in the Catholic Church in the Vatican's ban on the veneration of angels not mentioned in the Bible in the Directory of Public Piety (2002).
Richard Webster writes in his book the numerous titles Camael is referenced by. These titles include Ruler of Tuesday, Prince of Seraphim, Chief of the Order of Powers, Ruler of Mars, and the Angel of Death. These names represent how Camael is referenced in different religions and faiths. Webster also explains in his book how Camael can help separate right from wrongs and clears troubled minds while providing justice. Webster also claims those who call to him gain the properties of courage, persistence, and determination. Evelyn Oliver and James Lewis write in their book that Camael often referred to as one of the ten archangels. Doreen Virtue acknowledges in her book she has noticed the Dark Angel Samael is sometimes confused as Camael due to their similar names. It is unclear if Camael is also considered a dark angel in some faiths however because Adam Mclean wrote in his book, A Treatise of Angel Magic that Camael is indeed sometimes considered the angel of death or darkness.
Spiritual Healing and Guidance
Virtue claims to use angels for spiritual guidance and healing in her book, Angels 101. She also often refers to Camael as the "finding angel" and believes he can help you discover your life's purpose as well as everyday missing items to help bring inner peace. Everyday life examples when she suggests calling Camael include current world events, relationships, and careers. Virtue also believes Camael's role in the angel hierarchy is to help humans and get rid of negative energy and describes his personality as kind and loving. Richard Webster has a similar opinion in his book, the Treatise of Angels, where he argues Camael, "rights wrongs, soothes troubled minds, and provides justice." He references Camael as an important angel for matters involving tolerance, understanding, forgiveness, and love. In addition, he believes those who call to Camael when in need of help can receive additional strength when in conflict. Virtue claims “You’ll know he’s present when you feel butterflies in your stomach and a present tingling in your body.” In addition, Virtue believes Camael can hear thoughts and has the power to help you if you call out to him.
St Chamuel in armour, detail of a stained-glass window at St Laurence Church, Meriden.
Archangel Chamael, stained-glass window at the Main Protestant Chapel in Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, Jacksonville, North Carolina.
- Strong's Hebrew – 2536
- Strong's Hebrew – 7055
- Davidson, Gustav (1980). A Dictionary of Angels, Including the Fallen Angels. Free Press Publishing.
- Vatican Bans Rogue Angels "Chapter six deals with angels, delivering a stinging rebuff to followers of Uriel, Jophiel, Chamuel and Zadkiel, who enjoy a burgeoning reputation in New Age religions but make no appearance in the New or Old Testament."
- Webster, Richard (2009). An Encyclopedia of Angels. Woodbury: Llewellyn Publications. p. 41. LCCN 2008029308.
- Oliver and Lewis, Evelyn, D and James, R (2008). Angels A to Z. Visible Ink Press.
- Doreen, Virtue (2006). Angels 101. United States: Hay House Inc. p. 42. LCCN 2004017872.
- Mclean, Adam (2006). A Treatise on Angel Magic. York Beach: Weiser Books.
- Virtue, Doreen (2003). Archangels and Ascended Masters. United States: Hay house Inc. pp. 26, 27. LCCN 2002014419.
- Furnival, William James. Leadless Decorative Tiles, Faience, and Mosaic, Comprising Notes and Excerpts on the History, Materials, Manufacture & Use of Ornamental Flooring Tiles, Ceramic Mosaic, and Decorative Tiles and Faience. Moscow: Ripol Classic Publishing House. p. 525. ISBN 978-1-176-32563-0.
While on either hand are the archangels: Michael is a glorious figure in armour; Uriel holds the sun; Gabriel bears the lily of the Annunciation; Chemuel, the angel of the Sangreal, stands next him with the sacred cup; and Zophiel, to his left, holds the moon.
- Bamberger, Bernard Jacob, (March 15, 2006). Fallen Angels: Soldiers of Satan's Realm. Jewish Publication Society of America. ISBN 0-8276-0797-0
- Briggs, Constance Victoria, 1997. The Encyclopedia of Angels : An A-to-Z Guide with Nearly 4,000 Entries. Plume. ISBN 0-452-27921-6.
- Bunson, Matthew, (1996). Angels A to Z : A Who's Who of the Heavenly Host. Three Rivers Press. ISBN 0-517-88537-9.
- Cruz, Joan C. 1999. Angels and Devils. Tan Books & Publishers. ISBN 0-89555-638-3.
- Davidson, Gustav (1967) A Dictionary of Angels: Including the Fallen Angels. Free Press. ISBN 978-0-02-907050-5
- Graham, Billy, 1994. Angels: God's Secret Agents. W Pub Group; Minibook edition. ISBN 0-8499-5074-0
- Guiley, Rosemary, 1996. Encyclopedia of Angels. ISBN 0-8160-2988-1
- Kreeft, Peter J. 1995. Angels and Demons: What Do We Really Know About Them? Ignatius Press. ISBN 0-89870-550-9
- Lewis, James R. (1995). Angels A to Z. Visible Ink Press. ISBN 0-7876-0652-9
- Melville, Francis, 2001. The Book of Angels: Turn to Your Angels for Guidance, Comfort, and Inspiration. Barron's Educational Series; 1st edition. ISBN 0-7641-5403-6
- Ronner, John, 1993. Know Your Angels: The Angel Almanac With Biographies of 100 Prominent Angels in Legend & Folklore-And Much More! Mamre Press. ISBN 0-932945-40-6.