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Sanctus Chamuel.jpg
Sanctus Chamuel, stained-glass window at St Michael's Church, Brighton, England.
Venerated inJudaism, Anglicanism[citation needed]
Feast29 September
AttributesChalice, staff

Camael, (Hebrew: חַמּוּאֵל Ḥammūʾēl, "God has warmed")[1] also spelled Chamuel, Khamuel, Camiel, Cameel and Camniel, is an archangel in Jewish and Christian angelology.

According to poet Gustav Davidson's popular work A Dictionary of Angels, Including the Fallen Angels (1967), he is known as one of the twelve Kabbalah angels, assigned to the sephira Gevurah, alongside the planet Mars. Camael's name is also included in Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite's 5th or 6th century Corpus Areopagiticum as one of the Seven Archangels along with Michael, Gabriel, Raphael, Uriel, Jophiel, and Zadkiel.[2]

Camael was excluded from the Holy See's list of named angels in the 2001 Directory on popular piety, which states: "The practice of assigning names to the Holy Angels should be discouraged, except in the cases of Gabriel, Raphael, and Michael whose names are contained in Holy Scripture".[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Strong's Hebrew Concordance - 2552. chamam".
  2. ^ Davidson, Gustav (1980). A Dictionary of Angels, Including the Fallen Angels. Free Press Publishing.
  3. ^ Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments (December 2001). "Directory on popular piety and the liturgy. Principles and guidelines". Retrieved 2023-01-15.

Further reading[edit]

  • Bamberger, Bernard Jacob, (March 15, 2006). Fallen Angels: Soldiers of Satan's Realm. Jewish Publication Society of America. ISBN 0-8276-0797-0
  • Briggs, Constance Victoria, 1997. The Encyclopedia of Angels : An A-to-Z Guide with Nearly 4,000 Entries. Plume. ISBN 0-452-27921-6.
  • Bunson, Matthew, (1996). Angels A to Z : A Who's Who of the Heavenly Host. Three Rivers Press. ISBN 0-517-88537-9.
  • Cruz, Joan C. 1999. Angels and Devils. Tan Books & Publishers. ISBN 0-89555-638-3.
  • Davidson, Gustav (1967) A Dictionary of Angels: Including the Fallen Angels. Free Press. ISBN 978-0-02-907050-5
  • Graham, Billy, 1994. Angels: God's Secret Agents. W Pub Group; Minibook edition. ISBN 0-8499-5074-0
  • Guiley, Rosemary, 1996. Encyclopedia of Angels. ISBN 0-8160-2988-1
  • Kreeft, Peter J. 1995. Angels and Demons: What Do We Really Know About Them? Ignatius Press. ISBN 0-89870-550-9
  • Lewis, James R. (1995). Angels A to Z. Visible Ink Press. ISBN 0-7876-0652-9
  • Melville, Francis, 2001. The Book of Angels: Turn to Your Angels for Guidance, Comfort, and Inspiration. Barron's Educational Series; 1st edition. ISBN 0-7641-5403-6
  • Ronner, John, 1993. Know Your Angels: The Angel Almanac With Biographies of 100 Prominent Angels in Legend & Folklore-And Much More! Mamre Press. ISBN 0-932945-40-6.