Camaligan, Camarines Sur

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Municipality of Camaligan
St. Anthony of Padua Parish Church
Etymology: Tagalog: kamalig + an ("place of sheds")
The Small Town with a Big Heart
Anthem: Camaligan Kong Namomótan
My Beloved Camaligan
Map of Camarines Sur with Camaligan highlighted
Map of Camarines Sur with Camaligan highlighted
Camaligan is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°37′30″N 123°09′25″E / 13.625°N 123.1569°E / 13.625; 123.1569Coordinates: 13°37′30″N 123°09′25″E / 13.625°N 123.1569°E / 13.625; 123.1569
Country Philippines
RegionBicol Region (Region V)
ProvinceCamarines Sur
District3rd district
Barangays13 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorMarilou Marquez-Hirose
 • Vice MayorDiano S. Ibardaloza, Jr.[1]
 • Municipal Council
 • CongressmanGabriel H. Bordado Jr.
 • Electorate15,562 voters (2019)
 • Total4.68 km2 (1.81 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[4]
 • Total24,109
 • Density5,200/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Camaligueño (masculine)
Camaligueña (feminine)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)54
Climate typetropical rainforest climate
Income class5th municipal income class
Revenue (₱)58,700,476.23 (2016) [5]
Poverty incidence18.45% (2012)[6]
Native languagesCentral Bikol
Feast dateJune 13 (Poblacion)
Catholic dioceseArchdiocese of Caceres
Patron saintsSt. Anthony of Padua
St. Teresa of Calcutta

Camaligan, officially the Municipality of Camaligan, is a 5th class municipality in the province of Camarines Sur, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 24,109 people.[4]

With an area of 468.8 hectares (1,158 acres), it is the smallest municipality in Camarines Sur, but it is the densest, having an approximation of 5,200 persons per square kilometer,[7] which is almost twice the density of the neighboring City of Naga of 2,456 per square kilometer.[8]

The town is home to the oldest known pre-colonial site in the Bicol region, dating 500 AD to 600 AD, making it an undeclared important archaeological zone.[9]


Camaligan is politically subdivided into 13 barangays.[10]

Barangays Class Population[11] Barangay Head
Dugcal Rural 4,464 Gabriel Jr. DV. Flores
Marupit Rural 4,510 Delia B. Mansor
San Francisco Rural 745 Eden G. Torallo
San Jose-San Pablo (Poblacion) Rural 671 Eden B. Bon
San Juan-San Ramon (Poblacion) Rural 982 Emeterio M. Avila
San Lucas (Poblacion) Rural 578 Cyril O. Agomaa
San Marcos (Poblacion) Rural 1,388 Danilo I. Villamor
San Mateo (Poblacion) Rural 1,508 Carlos Q. Mariscal, Jr.
San Roque Rural 3,585 Rolando P. Marasigan
Santo Domingo (Poblacion) Rural 618 Maria Teresa A. Ruiz
Santo Tomas (Poblacion) Rural 810 Maria Jasmin M. Trinidad
Sua Rural 2,154 Servando Santa Ana
Tarosanan Rural 2,096 Loretta A. Acabado



The origin of the town and its name can be traced back to the early settlers of the place. Known as the cortadores, or woodcutters, to the early Spanish colonizers who came to the place in the early 1700s, the settlers cut timbers from nearby mountains located upriver or around San Miguel Bay and made this as their form of living. Out of these timbers, they hewed out canoes or bancas which they stored under small sheds or huts. Later, when these sheds became abundant in the area, as they were made the permanent dwelling places by these canoe makers, the place was called "Camaligan", which means "a place where many sheds can be found", by combining the root word kamalig (or shed) and the locative suffix -an. The sheds served to shelter the canoe makers and protect their boats from the natural elements. Hence, the name and origin of the town is historically tied to the Bicol River and its early inhabitants.[12]

"Catagbacan" was the oldest known name of Camaligan. Moreover, according to D. Adolfo Puya y Ruiz, in his “Camarines Sur – Descripcion General De Està Provincia En Luzon” (Manila: 1887), Camaligan was called "Kinamaligan" before.[12]

Pre-colonial era[edit]

The town of Camaligan is a known archeological site. In 2016 to 2017, hundreds of artifacts, including shells, jar fragments, tools, other deposits, pig bones, deer bones, stingray cartilage, shark cartilage, and at least fifteen (15) pre-colonial human remains, were found in the area, which marked a revolutionary phase in Bicol archaeology. The shells and tools found in the town was dated back 1,500 years ago or approximately 500 to 600 AD. The site contained no trace of Chinese, Southeast Asian, or South Asian trade links, making Camaligan a pure pre-colonial Bicolano site.[9] [13]

Spanish era[edit]

The settlers of the religious visita of Nueva Caceres, which was then under its ecclesiastical jurisdiction, arrived in the town by the 17th century.[12] The pre-colonial cemetery and community center were transformed by the Spanish into the town's current church compound to diminish native belief systems and instill catholicism.[14] During this time, Camaligan had five barrios in its jurisdiction, namely Marupit, Doncal (now Dugcal), Sua, San Roque and Tarosanan. Each barrio has a small wooden chapel.[12]

On 5 June 1795, a petition to the Spanish religious authorities was sent by the natives and signed by the supposedly officials of the place, to request for a resident curate. The officials’ names were Andre Casa, Diego, Lobao, Simeon de la Cruz, Manuel del Espiritu Santo, Fernando Valenzuela, Agustin del Espiritu Santo, Marcos David, Domingo Flores, Pedro Negre, Bartolome Rodriguez and Valentine de los Santos. Fray Rafael de Benavente was appointed as the first parish priest.[12]

American era[edit]

In 1902, the municipality was officially established through an act of the Philippine legislature. It also named Pedro Bustamante as the first municipal mayor. This event of the creation of the Municipality of Camaligan was brought about by a historical fact when the town was eventually separated from being as an annex of Nueva Caceres (now Naga City).[12]


The people of Camaligan derived their socio-cultural identity as river people from the existence of the river. Bicol River is an important resource for irrigation and fertilization of the land where agriculture and fishing is still considered as a major industry. The place’s festivals, songs and dances found their roots and inspiration from the river. Hence, the river ecology has bred its own distinct community.[12]


Religious and cultural festivals are being held in the town.

  • Kamalig Festival - Camaligan's main festival, which happens from June 5 to 13, in celebration of the town's founding anniversary and the feast of St. Anthony of Padua, the town's patron saint.
  • Ati-atihan Festival - a street dance competition and parade inspired by the festival in Aklan of the same name, in honor of Santo Niño, the town's second patron.
  • Kamaligang Pasko Festival - a celebration of Christmas wherein the town, most especially its people center and its river park, is being decorated, and a man-sized christmas village is being set-up outside the municipal hall.


In the 2015 census, the population of Camaligan was 24,109 people,[4] with a density of 5,200 inhabitants per square kilometre or 13,000 inhabitants per square mile.

Population census of Camaligan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1918 2,133—    
1939 3,005+1.65%
1948 7,362+10.47%
1960 8,529+1.23%
1970 7,821−0.86%
1975 9,853+4.74%
1980 10,989+2.21%
1990 15,436+3.46%
1995 17,411+2.28%
2000 19,188+2.11%
2007 20,758+1.09%
2010 22,254+2.56%
2015 24,109+1.54%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[4][15][16][17]


Camaligan has a significant amount of rainfall during the year. This is true even for the driest month. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Camaligan has a tropical rainforest climate or Af. The average annual temperature is 27.1 °C in Camaligan. About 2527 mm of precipitation falls annually.[18]

Climate data for Camaligan, Camarines Sur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32
Average low °C (°F) 27
Average precipitation mm (inches) 39.34
Average rainy days 16 18 13 15 23 28 30 24 26 27 25 29 274
Source: World Weather Online[19]


Bicol River serves as a natural source of irrigation and fertilization to the town where agriculture is still considered as a major industry.[12]

Out of the 468 hectares total land area, 175 hectares are devoted to rice production, all of which are irrigated and fertilized by the river through its occasional flooding.[12]


St. Anthony of Padua Parish Church is one of the oldest churches in the province of Camarines Sur.[14] The church is one of the favorite spots for Visita Iglesia in the province.[20]

Santo Domingo Chapel is an old chapel which was a former burial ground during pre-colonial times. It is a central archeological site where a lot of burial jars, porcelains and skeleton bones were found during the diggings.[14]

Sira, or fish, is a small wharf painted with festive colors that is constructed on the riverside of barangay San Francisco. This also serves as a dock for banca passengers.[14]

After the initial launching of Camaligan River Park in 1 June 2014, its tourism industry began to be more active. Its continuous improvements attracted many visitors, mostly coming from the City of Naga, to come and enjoy walking along the riverside.[21]

M/B Camaligan is a motorboat which docks beside Camaligan River Park. Also known as Camaligan River Cruise, it is also a floating restaurant which crosses the Bicol River. Launched last 6 February 2019, it is the newest attraction which promotes the river culture of the town.[21]

Government & Politics[edit]

Camaligan is being headed by a mayor who is being elected by its residents.

The current mayor of the town is Marilou Marquez-Hirose.[22] Last May 2019 Election, she has been re-elected for her third and last term as the Municipal Mayor.[1]

Since 1902, thirty (30) mayors already headed the town.

Term Mayor[12]
1902-1903 Pedro Bustamante
1904-1905 Quintin Bagsic
1905-1906 Catalino Alayan
1906-1907 Fabian Garcia
1908-1909 Tomas Salvador
1909-1911 Jose Agapor
1912-1915 Mauricio Cordial
1916-1919 Liberato Montiveros
1920-1923 Antonio Santa Ana
1924-1927 Pedro Flores
1928-1931 Vidal Custodio
1932-1935 Elias Agna de Dios
1936-1941 Teotimo Rebuquiao
1942-1944 Felipe Cuadrante
1944 Glecerio Blas
1945 Andres Diez
1946-1947 Julio Capucao
1948-1951 Francisco A. Aurellano
1952-1955 Buenaventura Plantado
1956-1963 Agapito T. Loriaga
1964-1967 Dalmacio Aurellano
1968-1971 Agapito T. Loriaga
1972-1986 Dalmacio Aurellano
1986 Napoleon Valiente
1986-1987 Amelito Belen
1987 Fabian A. Valenciano
1987-1988 Priscilla T. Aurellano
1988-1995 Manuel N. Prado
1995-2004 Rolando C. Eduardo
2004-2007 Pablo N. Prado
2007-2010 Rolando C. Eduardo
2010-2013 Emmanuel T. Prado
2013–Present Marilou Marquez-Hirose

Educational institutions[edit]

Camaligan has one (1) high school, six (6) elementary schools and thirteen (13) preschools. At present, there is no existing tertiary school in the town.

High School[edit]

Elementary Schools[edit]

  • Camaligan Central School - the oldest school and the primary elementary school of the town.
  • Sua Elementary School
  • Dugcal Elementary School
  • San Roque Elementary School
  • Marupit Elementary School
  • Tarosanan-San Francisco Elementary School


  • Hansel & Gretel Day Care Center
  • Petite L'e' Tudiant Learning Centre
  • Dugcal Day Care Center
  • Gogon Day Care Center
  • Marupit Day Care Center
  • San Francisco Day Care Center
  • San Juan Day Care Center
  • San Lucas Day Care Center
  • San Mateo Day Care Center
  • San Roque Day Care Center
  • Sua Day Care Center
  • Tampac Day Care Center
  • Tarosanan Day Care Center


Camaligan is Bicol region's oldest known pre-colonial site, filled with numerous stone tools, jar fragments, shell middens, pig and deer bones, shark and ray cartilages, and other artifacts and biofacts. The site also homes to fifteen human skeletons of pre-colonial Ibalons. The site is so rare and vital as it does not contain any evidences of trade contact with China, Southeast Asian neighbors or South Asia, making it one of the very few pre-colonial sites in the Philippines with distinct Filipino artifacts and biofacts unaffected by outside trade. Both the University of the Philippines and University of California, Los Angeles have been pushing for the town's declaration as an "Important Archaeological Site." Scholars have also been pushing for the site's nomination in the UNESCO World Heritage List.[9][13]

In a documentary made by GMA News TV, it was found that the artifacts and biofacts were not limited to the town proper. In fact, during a road-widening project conducted in September 2017 by the national government, hundreds of human bone fragments, animal bones, burial and ceremonial jar fragments, and stone tools were found after digging only the edges of the road. The documentary also found many Camaligueños to own artifacts they have found in their own land. Due to these findings, the town's reputation as a vital pre-colonial Ibalon archaeological site was solidified.[23]

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Halalan 2019 CAMALIGAN, CAMARINES SUR Results". ABS-CBN. 22 May 2019. Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  2. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  3. ^ "Province: Camarines Sur". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  5. ^ "Camarines Sur : Cities and Municipalities Competitiveness Index". Makati City, Philippines: National Competitiveness Council (Philippines). Archived from the original on 2018-07-14. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  6. ^ "PSA Releases the 2012 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Archived from the original on 28 January 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  7. ^ "Camaligan, Province of Camarines Sur". PhilAtlas. nd. Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  8. ^ Brinkhoff, Thomas (31 October 2017). "Naga: City in Luzon". City Population. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  9. ^ a b c Escandor, Juan Jr."1500-yr-old artifacts found in CamSur". 18 August 2017. Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  10. ^ "Camaligan:DILG Region V Camarines Sur". DILG Region V. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  11. ^ "Countryside in Figures: Camarines Sur 2018". PSA CamSur. PSA CamSur. 2018. p. 53. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Marcaida, Dominador Jr. "Camaligan Town and Municipality History". Academia. 30 September 2016. Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  13. ^ a b Escandor, Juan Jr."Hispanic burial ground unearthed in Camsur". Lifestyle.inq. 31 July 2017. Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  14. ^ a b c d "Historic Camaligan". I Know Places. 30 March 2019. Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  15. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  16. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  17. ^ "Province of Camarines Sur". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  18. ^ "". Climate Sahara: Temperature, Climograph, Climate table for Sahara - 9 August 2015. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
  19. ^ "Camaligan, Camarines Sur: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  20. ^ "VISITA IGLESIA IN CAMARINES SUR, PHILIPPINES – 7 CHURCH IN 7 DAYS ITINERARY". Two Monkeys Travel. 2 February 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  21. ^ a b "#NCDTravels: Camaligan Floating Restaurant/River Cruise". Naga City Deck. 26 February 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  22. ^ "2016 Election Results: Councilor, Lone District of Camaligan". Rappler. 19 May 2019. Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  23. ^ "iJuander: Mga kagamitang nagmula sa sinaunang sibilisasyon, namataan sa Camarines Sur". Youtube. GMA Public Affairs. 21 September 2017. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  24. ^ "Miss Philippines Earth 2007 Winners". Mukamo. Mukamo. 6 July 2018. Retrieved 18 February 2019.

External links[edit]