Camas National Wildlife Refuge
|Camas National Wildlife Refuge|
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
|Location||Jefferson County, Idaho, United States|
|Nearest city||Hamer, Idaho|
|Area||10,578 acres (42.81 km2)|
|Governing body||U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service|
About half of the Camas National Wildlife Refuge in southeastern Idaho consists of lakes, ponds, and marshlands; the remainder is grass sagebrush uplands, meadows, and farm fields. Camas Creek flows through the length of the refuge.
Water management is a critical component of Camas Refuge operations. An extensive system of canals, dikes, wells, ponds, and water-control structures is used to manipulate water for the benefit of wildlife, with an emphasis on nesting waterfowl. Haying and prescribed fire are used to manipulate vegetation in some fields, and small grain crops are grown to provide supplemental feed for geese and cranes and to keep them from damaging private croplands.
The refuge has a surface area of 10,578 acres (42.81 km2).
During migration, which peaks in March–April and October, up to 50,000 ducks and 3,000 geese may be present on the refuge. Tundra and trumpeter swans visit in the hundreds during migration. The refuge has become a popular swan watching destination with hundreds of tundra and trumpeter swans stopping over during migration. Several state record songbird observations have been made in refuge cottonwood[disambiguation needed] groves on the refuge.