Camberwell railway station, Melbourne

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Camberwell
3-car Xtrapolis approaching Camberwell Station.jpg
Eastbound view in January 2017
LocationBurke Road, Camberwell
Coordinates37°49′35″S 145°03′31″E / 37.8265°S 145.0587°E / -37.8265; 145.0587Coordinates: 37°49′35″S 145°03′31″E / 37.8265°S 145.0587°E / -37.8265; 145.0587
Owned byVicTrack
Operated byMetro Trains
Line(s)Lilydale
Belgrave
Alamein
Distance10.21 kilometres from Southern Cross
Platforms3 (1 island, 1 side)
Tracks3
ConnectionsTram
Construction
Structure typeGround
Other information
StatusPremium station
Station codeCAM
Fare zoneMyki zone 1
WebsitePublic Transport Victoria
History
Opened3 April 1882
ElectrifiedYes
Passengers
2014-2015Not measured[1]
2015-20161.93 million[1]Decrease 3.43%
2016-20171.93 million[1]Decrease 0.04%
2017-20181.92 million[1]Decrease 0.54%
Services
Preceding station Metro Trains Following station
Auburn Lilydale line East Camberwell
towards Lilydale
Belgrave line East Camberwell
towards Belgrave
Alamein line
Weekday peak only
Riversdale
towards Alamein
Terminus Alamein line
Weekday off-peak & weekends

Camberwell railway station is located on the Lilydale, Belgrave and Alamein lines in Victoria, Australia. It serves the eastern Melbourne suburb of Camberwell, and opened on 3 April 1882.[2]

History[edit]

Camberwell was the terminus of the line for a few months in 1882, until the railway was extended to Lilydale. When the first section of the Outer Circle line opened in 1891, a new station was built at East Camberwell to provide an interchange. However, the Outer Circle line quickly failed. By 1898, only the section from East Camberwell to Ashburton remained in operation (later extended to Alamein), and trains for Ashburton began to depart from Camberwell.

The line from Hawthorn to Camberwell was regraded in the late 1910s, to ease the steep gradient facing down trains. Steam locomotives could not pull a fully laden train between the two stations, so peak-hour trains had to be split. The locomotive would bring one set of carriages to Camberwell, then return for the other set, causing significant delays. With the regrading, the tracks at Camberwell were sunk into a cutting and the existing station was demolished. The current Federation-style station buildings opened in 1919, when the works were completed.

The signal box at Camberwell was the first in Victoria to have push-button signalling installed, the new technology being commissioned in November 1964.[3] Immediately east of the station the, Alamein line diverges south, with a flyover carrying the southbound line over the Lilydale and Belgrave lines.

Camberwell was upgraded to a Premium station on 27 April 1996.[4] In 1997, four stabling sidings were built on the site of the former goods yard, to replace sidings removed at Jolimont Yard.[5] The stabling sidings had been first proposed by the Metropolitan Transit Authority (The Met) in the mid 1980s.[6]

Redevelopment controversy[edit]

In 2001, the Victorian State Government launched a new Metropolitan Planning Strategy, Melbourne 2030, which proposed intensification of development around public transport nodes, such as railway stations and tram routes, along with limits on such development in residential neighbourhoods. The precinct around Camberwell railway station was identified as one of a number of 'activity centres' earmarked for redevelopment.[7]

In March 2003, VicTrack announced plans to develop the airspace over the site, including the construction of a deck over the station platforms and adjacent marshalling yard, with 3–4 levels of car park, and 3–4 storeys of commercial space. The original plans, involving the station's demolition, led to protests from the local community. They received a significant amount of media attention, with actor Geoffrey Rush and comedian Barry Humphries publicly backing the campaign, and heading a protest march up Burke Road from Camberwell Junction to the station.[8] The comedian performed a poem about planners at the rally, and noted that the railway line was sometimes called 'The Orient Express'. To those supporting development of the station, the actions of the protesters were seen as an example of NIMBYism.

The Boroondara Residents Action Group worked with architects McGauran Giannini Soon to provide alternative ideas for developing the air-space over the station and yard that were more in-keeping with their view of community preferences, including a small public plaza and a new public library, with some small-scale shops.[9]

Although the station is historic, it is not protected by any of the state's heritage listings for any architectural or cultural reasons, and failed to gain that protection when nominated to the Victorian Heritage Register by local residents groups.[10]

In July 2009, the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal approved a nine-storey development on the site, provided that 14 design modifications were made within 28 days.[11]

In October 2012, VicTrack announced that it had discontinued negotiations with the preferred developer, CSTP Pty Ltd.[12]

Platforms & services[edit]

Camberwell has one island platform with two faces and one side platform. It is served by Belgrave, Lilydale and Alamein line trains.[13][14][15]

Platform 1:

Platform 2:

Platform 3:

Transport links[edit]

CDC Melbourne operates one route via Camberwell station, under contract to Public Transport Victoria:

Transdev Melbourne operates one route via Camberwell station, under contract to Public Transport Victoria:

Yarra Trams operates one route via Camberwell station:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Station Patronage Data 2013-2018". Philip Mallis. Transport for Victoria. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  2. ^ Camberwell Vicsig
  3. ^ Vincent Adams Winter (1990). VR and VicRail: 1962–1983. p. 204. ISBN 0-9592069-3-0.
  4. ^ "Upgrading Eltham to a Premium Station". Newsrail. Australian Railway Historical Society. October 1997. p. 310.
  5. ^ "New Yard at Camberwell Station". www.railpage.org.au. Archived from the original on 6 September 2008. Retrieved 29 July 2008.
  6. ^ "Works". Newsrail. Australian Railway Historical Society. June 1986. p. 188.
  7. ^ "Melbourne 2030 – Planning for sustainable growth, Department of Planning and Community Development Victoria Oct 2002". Archived from the original on 10 October 2012. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
  8. ^ Rush, Humphries and Drost march to save Camberwell from the Station development" Marvellous Melbourne
  9. ^ "McGauran Giannini Soon Pty Ltd EXPERT URBAN DESIGN EVIDENCE Camberwell Station 2R Cookson Street, Camberwell, February 2010" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 March 2012. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
  10. ^ Heritage Council rejects Camberwell Station listing ABC News 11 November 2005
  11. ^ Cassie Maher (14 July 2009). "Camberwell rail rework suits tribunal". Progress Leader. progress-leader.whereilive.com.au. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 16 July 2009.
  12. ^ Chadwick, Vince, & Carey, Adam (4 October 2012). "After 10 years on tenterhooks, a sigh of relief for Camberwell group". The Age. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
  13. ^ "Belgrave Line". Public Transport Victoria.
  14. ^ "Lilydale Line". Public Transport Victoria.
  15. ^ "Alamein Line". Public Transport Victoria.
  16. ^ "612 Box Hill - Chadstone via Surrey Hills & Camberwell & Glen Iris". Public Transport Victoria.
  17. ^ "285 Doncaster Park & Ride - Camberwell via North Balwyn". Public Transport Victoria.
  18. ^ "72 Melbourne University - Camberwell". Public Transport Victoria.

External links[edit]