Cambiemos

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Let's Change

Cambiemos
LeaderMauricio Macri (PRO)
Party LeadersHumberto Schiavoni (PRO)
Alfredo Cornejo (UCR)
Elisa Carrió (CC-ARI)
Congress LeadersLuis Naidenoff (Senate)
Mario Negri (Chamber of Deputies)
Key PeopleMauricio Macri
Elisa Carrió
María Eugenia Vidal
Horacio Rodríguez Larreta
Founded15 June 2015; 3 years ago (2015-06-15)
IdeologyBig tent
Factions:
Conservatism[1]
Social democracy[2]
Liberalism[3]
Political positionCenter-right[4][5][6][7]
MembersRepublican Proposal,
Radical Civic Union,
Civic Coalition ARI
Chamber of Deputies
108 / 257
Senate
24 / 72
Governors
5 / 24
Website
cambiemos.com

Cambiemos (Spanish pronunciation: [kamˈbjemos]; Spanish for "Let’s change") is an Argentine center-right big tent[8][9] political coalition created in 2015. It is composed of the Republican Proposal (PRO), the Radical Civic Union (UCR), and the Civic Coalition (CC-ARI). These three parties respectively nominated Mauricio Macri, Ernesto Sanz, and Elisa Carrió as their representatives in the August 2015 primary elections, which were held to choose which candidate would run in the 2015 presidential election on 25 October.[10] On 9 August 2015 Mauricio Macri was elected as the candidate who would represent Cambiemos in the presidential election; on 22 November he won the presidential election.

Creation[edit]

Initially, the pre-candidates Mauricio Macri, Daniel Scioli, and Sergio Massa had a triple tie in the polls for the 2015 presidential election. Scioli was the candidate of the Front for Victory, the ruling party at the time, and Macri and Massa opposed it. The other parties created a political coalition, the Broad Front UNEN. Elisa Carrió, leader of the Civic Coalition, left UNEN and joined a coalition with Macri's Republican Proposal instead. Both of them would run in the primary elections. The Radical Civic Union was divided: Ernesto Sanz proposed to join Macri as well, and Julio Cobos proposed to stay in UNEN. The party held a convention to decide what to do, and Sanz's proposal prevailed. Thus, the UCR left UNEN and joined the PRO-CC. The new coalition was named "Cambiemos", suggesting a change from the 12-year long rule of center-left Kirchnerists.

Macri, Sanz, and Carrió ran to be the nominee in the primary elections with Macri winning by a wide margin. He won the presidential election against the Kirchnerite candidate Daniel Scioli in a ballotage. In lower-level posts, Horacio Rodríguez Larreta was elected as Macri's replacement, keeping the City of Buenos Aires under coalition control. Alfredo Cornejo and Gerardo Morales became governors of Mendoza and Jujuy Provinces, respectively. María Eugenia Vidal defeated Aníbal Fernández and became the governor of the populous Buenos Aires Province, ending 28 years of Peronist control.[11]

Positions[edit]

Economic policies[edit]

Mauricio Macri received a country with a huge economic crisis, caused by the populist policies of Néstor and Cristina Kirchner, and sought to reverse things. He moved from a fixed exchange-rate system to a floating one, removed taxes on exports and reduced subsidies on energy, to reduce the deficit. However, he avoided to use a shock therapy and introduced the changes in a gradual way. As of January 2018, the system was working well, although at a slower pace than needed.[12]

The crisis took a turn for the worse in 2018. Macri negotiated a loan from the IMF and accelerated the austerity plans, aiming to completely remove fiscal deficit by 2019.[13]

Foreign policy[edit]

Cambiemos opposes strongly the regime of Nicolás Maduro in Venezuela, and calls for a restoration of democracy in the country.[14]

Abortion[edit]

President Mauricio Macri encouraged the discussion of an abortion law during the 2018 opening of regular sessions of the National Congress of Argentina.[15] The bill, called "Voluntary termination of pregnancy", divided the party, that had no official position and let its legislators vote according to their own beliefs. Macri, Vidal, Larreta, Carrio and ministers Peña, Frigerio, Bullrich, etc, are pro-life; ministers Rubinstein, Barañao, Bergman, Aranguren, etc; are pro-choice.[16]

Presidents[edit]

President Photo District Presidency start date Presidency end date Time in office
Mauricio Macri (b. 1959) Presidente Macri en el Sillon de Rivadavia (cropped).jpg Buenos Aires December 10, 2015 Incumbent 3 years, 93 days

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert Plummer (28 September 2015). "Argentina presidential election poses economic choice". BBC.
  2. ^ Luis Gregorich (16 March 2016). "Macri: "Macri y la socialdemocracia"". La Nacion.
  3. ^ Luis Gregorich (16 March 2016). "Macri: "Mejorar"". La Nacion.
  4. ^ "Tres cafés y una foto para calmar los ánimos de Cambiemos en la recta final". Télam. 1 October 2015.
  5. ^ "La derecha gana por solo tres puntos la alcaldía de Buenos Aires". BBC Mundo. 20 July 2015.
  6. ^ Veronica Smink (23 November 2015). "Qué puede cambiar en Sudamérica con Macri y el giro de Argentina hacia la derecha". BBC Mundo.
  7. ^ Juan Ignacio Irigaray (24 October 2015). "Las claves de las presidenciales argentinas". El Mundo.
  8. ^ El desafío que la nueva alianza opositora debe pasar en Diputados
  9. ^ Argentina set to shift to the right as Mauricio Macri wins at the polls
  10. ^ "Las 8 alianzas que competirán en las próximas elecciones" [The 8 alliances that will run in the next elections] (in Spanish). La Nación. June 11, 2015. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
  11. ^ Ramiro Sagasti (October 26, 2015). "Vidal dio la gran sorpresa y le ganó a Aníbal Fernández en la provincia" [Vidal gave a great surprise and defeated Aníbal Fernández in the province] (in Spanish). La Nación. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
  12. ^ "Argentina's gamble on economic gradualism is working, so far". The Economist. January 18, 2018. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  13. ^ Agustino Fontevecchia (June 13, 2018). "Cambiemos Must Change: Argentina's Macri Needs A Radical Paradigm Shift". Forbes. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  14. ^ "Diputados de Cambiemos lanzaron una mesa de trabajo para seguir de cerca la crisis de Venezuela" [Deputies of Cambiemos started a workgroup to follow the crisis in Venezuela] (in Spanish). Infobae. July 6, 2017. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  15. ^ "Mauricio Macri en el Congreso: reviví el minuto a minuto de la Asamblea Legislativa" [Mauricio Macri in the Congress, relive the minute by minute of the Legislative assembly] (in Spanish). La Nación. March 1, 2018. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
  16. ^ Demian Bio (February 26, 2018). "Where Do the Cambiemos' Top Politicians Stand on Abortion?". The Bubble. Retrieved October 1, 2018.