Cambodia National Rescue Party

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cambodia National Rescue Party
គណបក្សសង្រ្គោះជាតិ
Founded 17 July 2012
Dissolved 16 November 2017
Merger of Sam Rainsy Party
Human Rights Party
Headquarters 576 National Road 2, Sangkat Chakangrae Leu, Khan Mean Chey, Phnom Penh
Ideology Liberalism
Economic liberalism
Khmer nationalism
Populism
Political position Centre
International affiliation Liberal International
Regional affiliation Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats
Colors      Blue
Slogan Rescue, Serve, Protect
Website
www.cnrp7.org

The Cambodia National Rescue Party, commonly abbreviated as CNRP, (Khmer: គណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិ, Khmer pronunciation: [kuə̯n paʔ sɑŋkruəh ciət], literally: "Party of Rescuing the Nation") was a major political party in Cambodia. It was founded in 2012 as a merger between the Sam Rainsy Party and Human Rights Party.[1]

The party believed in the strengthening of freedom and human rights, institution of free and fair elections, and defending Cambodia's "national integrity". It became the sole challenger to the Cambodian People's Party after the 2013 election. Its official motto was "rescue, serve, protect" (Khmer: សង្គ្រោះ បម្រើ ការពារ) and the logo for the CNRP is the rising sun.

Party leader Kem Sokha was arrested in September 2017 after which the party was in danger of being dissolved, allegedly for being part of a foreign plot to overthrow Prime Minister Sen.[2][3][4] The case was heard by the Supreme Court which is headed by Chief Justice Dith Munty, a member of the CPP's permanent committee.[5]

On November 16, 2017, the Supreme Court of Cambodia ruled to dissolve the CNRP in a move Charles Santiago, Chairman of ASEAN Parliamentarians for Human Rights, called "the final nail in the coffin for Cambodian democracy".[6] As a result of the ruling, all CNRP office holders, including 489 commune chiefs and 55 MPs, will lose their positions and their seats allocated to other parties. Additionally, 118 senior party official were banned from politics for five years.[7] About half the party’s former MPs, including its vice president Mu Sochua, had already fled Cambodia before October out of fear of arrest by the ruling party.[2] The forced dissolution of the party, which allows CPP strongman Hun Sen to run unopposed in the 2018 elections, prompted condemnation and calls to reverse the decision from the international community.[8]

Party platform[edit]

The 7-point policies of the CNRP:[9]

  1. A pension of 40,000 riels or US$10 a month for old people aged 65 and over.
  2. A minimum wage of 600,000 riels or US$150 a month for workers.
  3. A minimum wage of 1,000,000 riels or US$250 a month for public servants.
  4. Guarantee of prices for farm produce (the lowest price of rice is 1,000 riels or US$0.25 per kilo) and of markets for it.
  5. Free medical care for the poor.
  6. Equal opportunity of the young to receive quality education and to have employment.
  7. Lowering the prices of fuel, fertilizers, electricity, and interests on loans.

Policies[edit]

Kem Sokha and Sam Rainsy discussing to merge parties in Manila, Philippines.

Domestic policy[edit]

The domestic policy of the CNRP promoted national reconciliation by banning discrimination, patronage and nepotism based on a set of principles:

  • Non-violent struggle and peaceful resolution of problems.
  • Respect and observance of human rights.
  • Address the issue of illegal immigration through effective enforcement of the nationality law and the immigration law.
  • Social justice with the state’s guarantee of human rights, freedoms and equal opportunities in the political, economic and social life.
  • Pluralistic liberal democracy where power belongs to the people.
  • Sustainable development putting emphasis on production for export, competitiveness and preservation of national resources.
  • Propose a referendum for same-sex marriage.[10]

Economy[edit]

The CNRP advocated a free market economy based on economic liberalism.

  • Competition and equitable development.
  • Production for domestic products for consumption and exportation.
  • Promotion of small and medium-sized enterprises and the creation of confidence for foreign investment.

Education, Youth and Employment[edit]

  • Human resource development with equal access to education.
  • Quality and high standard education.
  • Technical and professional training to equip the youth with high skills.
  • Introducing student loans and scholarship plans for higher education.
Vice President Kem Sokha and other party officials meeting with US Secretary of State John Kerry.

Healthcare[edit]

  • Universal health care
  • Clean water, hygiene, and sanitary systems.
  • Reform of the health care system by improving the expertise and ethics of medical staffing, provisions of adequate medicine, and medical equipment.

Agriculture[edit]

The CNRP called for the raising of living standards for farmers through the provision of adequate farm land and utilization of farm technology, competitiveness, improvement of the quality of farm produce, search for markets for farm produce, and fixing the interest on farm loans to one percent per month.

Women's rights[edit]

The CNRP believed in empowering all women to strengthen the foundation of Cambodian society through equal participation in all spheres of public and private life by guaranteeing opportunities to achieve women's financial security, social welfare, land, education, health, justice, and politics.

Regional strength[edit]

Provinces won by the CNRP shown in dark blue

     Majority      Minority

No. Constituency Seats won Popular vote Percentage
1 Banteay Meanchey
2 / 6
64,732 25.33%
2 Battambang
3 / 8
162,527 38.09%
3 Kampong Cham
10 / 18
457,819 51.10%
4 Kampong Chhnang
2 / 4
96,208 39.30%
5 Kampong Speu
3 / 6
186,867 46.92%
6 Kampong Thom
3 / 6
115,880 40.46%
7 Kampot
3 / 6
125,320 41.64%
8 Kandal
6 / 11
366,056 55.76%
9 Kep
0 / 1
4,165 20.84%
10 Koh Kong
0 / 1
11,017 25.12%
11 Kratié
1 / 3
59,774 41.68%
12 Mondulkiri
0 / 1
4,244 17.50%
13 Oddar Meanchey
0 / 1
21,968 26.96%
14 Pailin
0 / 1
8,959 32.57%
15 Phnom Penh
7 / 12
382,880 57.68%
16 Preah Vihear
0 / 1
19,199 22.42%
17 Prey Veng
6 / 11
287,778 49.95%
18 Pursat
1 / 4
48,217 23.98%
19 Ratanakiri
0 / 1
7,821 14.59%
20 Siem Reap
2 / 6
140,737 35.58%
21 Sihanoukville
0 / 1
30,558 34.95%
22 Stung Treng
0 / 1
6,962 14.94%
23 Svay Rieng
2 / 5
99,600 33.04%
24 Takéo
4 / 8
236,686 45.73%
Total
55 / 123
2,946,176 44.46%

Support base[edit]

The CNRP's support base was in the urban populated areas; in rural villages whose livelihood is affected by the land-grabbing crisis, and young post-Khmer Rouge baby boomers.

Organization[edit]

Executive Committee

Standing Committee

General election results[edit]

Election Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
2013
55 / 123
2,946,176 44.5% Increase 26 seats Opposition Sam Rainsy

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vong Sokheng and Bridget Di Certo (17 July 2012). "Parties to form Cambodia Democratic Movement of National Rescue". Phnom Penh Post. Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Cambodia's government asks the courts to abolish the opposition". The Economist. 12 October 2017. 
  3. ^ "Interior Ministry files complaint to dissolve CNRP". The Phnom Penh Post. 6 October 2017. Retrieved 9 October 2017. 
  4. ^ "CPP rewriting rules again, with amendments planned to political laws to redistribute CNRP seats". The Phnom Penh Post. 11 October 2017. Retrieved 11 October 2017. 
  5. ^ "Cambodia's main opposition party dissolved by Supreme Court". 16 November 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2017 – via Reuters. 
  6. ^ Pengly, Horng (14 November 2017). "Live blog: Supreme Court rules to dissolve CNRP". Retrieved 16 November 2017. 
  7. ^ Reid, Jenni (16 November 2017). "Breaking: Supreme Court rules to dissolve CNRP". Retrieved 16 November 2017. 
  8. ^ "US calls on Cambodia to 'undo' opposition party ban". Digital Journal. 17 November 2017. Retrieved 17 November 2017. 
  9. ^ "7-point policies of the CNRP". Cambodia National Rescue Party (in Khmer). CNRP. Archived from the original on 22 December 2016. Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  10. ^ Vichea, Pang (1 June 2017). "Parties open to gay marriage". Retrieved 16 November 2017. 

External links[edit]