Royal Cambodian Army
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|Royal Cambodian Army|
Emblem of the Royal Cambodian Army
|Allegiance||HM The King|
|Part of||Royal Cambodian Armed Forces|
|Motto(s)||Defending the Kingdom of Cambodia|
|Anniversaries||9 November 1953|
|Engagements||First Indochina War
Cambodian Civil War
1997 clashes in Cambodia
Cambodian–Thai border dispute
|General Meas Sophea|
|General Meas Sophea
General Tea Banh
General Srey Doek
General Hun Manet
General Hing Bun Hieng
The Royal Cambodian Army (Khmer: កងទ័ពជើងគោក, Kangtorp Cheung Kork) is a part of the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces. It has ground forces which numbered 85,000 divided into eleven divisions of infantry, with integrated armour and artillery support. The Royal Army is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of National Defence.
Under the current military plan and divisions, every military region has a full division size. Each division will be supplemented by a mobile reinforcement division in Phnom Penh. The country is divided into six, until recently five, military regions, each comprising three or four provinces. There are garrisons in major cities and major army bases.
The forces are deployed as required across the country and in operations, with bases as follows:
- Region One: Headquarters are in Stung Treng and the region covers the provinces of Stung Treng, Ratanakiri and Mondulkiri.
- Region Two: Headquarters are in Kampong Cham and the region covers the provinces of Kampong Cham, Prey Veng, and Svay Rieng.
- Region Three: Headquarters are in Kampong Speu and the region covers the provinces of Kampong Speu, Takéo, Kampot, Preah Sihanouk, Koh Kong and Kep.
- Region Four: Headquarters are in Siem Reap and the region covers the provinces of Siem Reap, Oddar Meanchey, Preah Vihear, and Kampong Thom.
- Region Five: Headquarters are in Battambang and the region covers the provinces of Battambang, Pursat, Banteay Meanchey and Pailin.
- Special Region: Headquarters are in the capital, Phnom Penh and the region covers the provinces of Kampong Chhnang, Kandal and the greater municipality of Phnom Penh.
Every Military Region is under the command of a Major General, assisted by a Chief of staff with a rank of a Brigadier General. In every province, there is a military base called Military Operation Zone under the command of a Colonel.
Special Forces Airborne
|Ranks in Khmer||Pronounce||Ranks in English|
|ពលទោ||Pʊəl too||Private 2nd Class|
|ពលឯក||Pʊəl aek||Private 1st Class|
|ពលបាលត្រី||Pʊəl baal trəy||Staff Sergeant|
|ពលបាលទោ||Pʊəl baal too||Master Sergeant|
|ពលបាលឯក||Pʊəl baal aek||Warrant Officer|
|ព្រឹន្ទបាលទោ||Prɨn baal too||Chief Warrant Officer|
|ព្រឹន្ទបាលឯក||Prɨn baal aek||Warrant Officer|
|អនុសេនីយ៍ត្រី||Aknu sayney trəy||2nd Lieutenant|
|អនុសេនីយ៍ទោ||Aknu sayney too||1st Lieutenant|
|អនុសេនីយ៍ឯក||Aknu sayney aek||Captain|
|វរសេនីយ៍ត្រី||Vorak sayney trəy||Major|
|វរសេនីយ៍ទោ||Vorak sayney too||Lieutenant Colonel|
|វរសេនីយ៍ឯក||Vorak sayney aek||Colonel|
|ឧត្តមសេនីយ៍ត្រី||Utdɑm sayney trəy||Brigadier General|
|ឧត្តមសេនីយ៍ទោ||Utdɑm sayney too||Major General|
|ឧត្តមសេនីយ៍ឯក||Utdɑm sayney aek||Lieutenant General|
|នាយឧត្តមសេនីយ៍||Niey utdɑm sayney||General|
|ឧត្តមសេនីយ៍នាយក||Utdɑm sayney nieyʊək||General of the Army|
As of June 2010, it is assessed that 500 of the Tanks are to be fully operational.
- 500+ tanks and an unknown number of light tanks.
- 300+ APC
- 600 Artillery
- 19 Helicopters
Operational art and tactical doctrine is still being defined as the process of reform continues. Ostensibly, the continuing military reorganisation will provide integrated armoured support for each of the regional infantry divisions. However, much of Cambodia's terrain does not lend itself to armoured operations and tanks are rendered unusable during the rainy season. All the OT-64 APCs have apparently gone to the Phnom Penh reserve force.
In the 1990s, to make the army more mobile and mechanised, there was a steady influx of new tanks, self-propelled artillery, armoured personnel carriers (APCs), and trucks. The ground forces seldom retire old models of weapons and tend to maintain a large equipment stock, keeping old models along with upgraded ones in the active force or in reserve. The army remains largely an infantry force, although a decade-long modernisation program has significantly improved the mobility and firepower of its active forces.
Equipment for the main force units was furnished by Vietnam, China, and by the Soviet Union. Armaments consisted of small arms of Soviet origin, including the AKM (updated version of the AK-47) assault rifle, RPD light machine gun, PKM general-purpose machine gun, RPG-2 82mm rocket-propelled grenade, RPG-7 85mm rocket-propelled grenade, Chinese Type 56 assault rifle, and various crew-served weapons, including towed medium howitzers, and air-defense weapons in several calibres. Tanks in the RCAF armoured battalions included the T-54/55, an old, but capable, main battle tank of Soviet origin; the obsolete PT-76/Type 63 light amphibious tank; and the Type-59, an older Chinese main battle tank, probably handed down from Vietnamese stocks. Multiple rocket launcher in main force included BM-14 and BM-21. Armored fighting vehicles in the main force inventory consisted of the Soviet BTR series of wheeled vehicles, and some ageing American equipment, such as: M106 armoured carriers and M113 armoured personnel carriers, either bequeathed by Vietnam or left behind from the days of the Khmer Republic.
Armoured fighting vehicles
|T-55||Main battle tank||350||Soviet Union|
|Type 62/63||Light Tank||150||China|
|BMP-1||Infantry fighting vehicle||200||Soviet Union/ Ukraine|
|BTR-60PB||Wheeled Amphibious Armored Personnel Carrier||300||Soviet Union/ Bulgaria|
|BTR-152||Armoured Personnel Carrier||50||Soviet Union||Maybe already retired|
|OT-64 SKOT||Armoured Personnel Carrier||50||Poland/ Czech Republic|
|BRDM-2||Amphibious Armoured Scout Car||50||Bulgaria|
|PT-76||Light tank||50||Soviet Union|
|ZiS-3||76 mm anti-tank field gun||50||Soviet Union|
|T-12||100 mm anti-tank field gun||50||Soviet Union|
|D-74||122 mm towed howitzer||50||China|
|M-30||122 mm towed howitzer||50||Soviet Union|
|D-30||122 mm towed howitzer||50||Soviet Union|
|M-46||130 mm towed field howitzer||100||Soviet Union|
|Type 59-1||130 mm towed howitzer||200||China|
|Type 63||107 mm towed multiple rocket launcher||200||China|
|Type 81 SPRL||122 mm self-propelled multiple rocket launcher||100||China|
|BM-21 Grad||122 mm self-propelled multiple rocket launcher||200||Soviet Union|
|RM-70||122 mm self-propelled multiple rocket launcher||50||Czechoslovakia|
|BM-13/16||132 mm self-propelled multiple rocket launcher||100||Soviet Union|
|BM-14||140 mm self-propelled multiple rocket launcher||100||Soviet Union|
|ZPU-1/-2/-4||14.5mm towed anti-aircraft gun||100||Soviet Union|
|Bofors 40 mm||anti-aircraft autocannon||50||Sweden|
|ZU-23-2||23 mm towed twin-barrel anti-aircraft gun||100||Soviet Union|
|61-K||37 mm towed anti-aircraft gun||100||Soviet Union|
|Type 65/74||37 mm towed twin-barrel anti-aircraft gun||100||China|
|AZP S-60||57mm towed anti-aircraft gun||100||Soviet Union|
|KS-19||100 mm towed anti-aircraft gun||50||Soviet Union||
After severals brief border clashes with Thai black clad rangers which RCAF saw a weakness of its air defense. Under Cambodian PM Hun Sen ordered to strengthening Cambodia armed forces. An unconfirmed severals orders and arrived in 2011 of a modern PRC Norinco made short ranges Manpads capable of shoot down attack helicopters and low flying attacking fighter bombers. RCAF already had several older Manpads from U.S.S.R in the mid 80's but these proved inferiors to modern counter measures from helicopters and fighter bombers. RCAF also strengthening it's armors divisions with new ordered of BTR-64 and T-55 MBT. Several of 130mm towed artillery and DK-75, 120mm mortars supports with orders from Checoslovaksia and Ukrainian. Tons of artillery and small arms ammo were shipped from PRC the same time. Again these are unconfirmed.
|Soviet Union||Tokarev TT33||Semi-automatic pistol||Standard issue|
|China||Type 54||Pistol||Standard issue|
|Soviet Union||Makarov PM||Pistols||Standard issue|
|Soviet Union||AKM||Assault Rifle||Standard issue|
|Soviet Union||AKMS||Assault Rifle||Standard issue|
|China||Type 56||Assault Rifle||Standard issue|
|China||Type 56-1||Assault Rifle||Standard issue|
|China||Type 56-2||Assault Rifle||Standard issue, Recently received and deployed to troops near the Cambodian-Thai border.|
|China||Type 81-1||Assault Rifle||Recently received.|
|China||CQ 311||Assault Rifle||Some are seen in use along with the M16A1 rifle.|
|China||CQ 5.56mm Type A||Assault Rifle||Chinese variant of the M4A1. Used by 911 Para-Commando Special Forces and Bodyguard Unit.|
|Indonesia||Pindad SS1-V1||Assault Rifle||Used by 911 Para-Commando Special Forces, Military Police, and Bodyguard Unit.|
|United States||M16A1||Assault Rifle||Former FANK's main assault rifle.|
|South Korea||Daewoo K2||Assault Rifle||Used by 911 Para-Commando Special Forces.|
|South Korea||Daewoo K1A||Assault Carbine||Used by 911 Para-Commando Special Forces.|
|China||QBZ-97||Bullpup Assault Rifle||Used by 911 Para-Commando Special Forces and Bodyguard Unit. Decommissioned and replaced by QBZ-97B.|
|China||QBZ-97A||Bullpup Assault Rifle||Standard issue Used by 911 Para-Commando Special Forces.|
|China||QBZ-97B||Bullpup Assault Carbine||Standard issue Used by 911 Para-Commando Special Forces and Bodyguard Unit and Cambodian Royal Guards.|
|Soviet Union||SKS||Semi-Automatic Carbine||Used by Cambodian Royal Guards. Decommissioned and replaced by QBZ-97B.|
|China||Type 56 Carbine||Semi-Automatic Carbine||Used by Cambodian Royal Guards and reserve training rifle.|
|China||Type 85||Submachine Gun||Used by 911 Para-Commando Special Forces.|
|South Korea||Daewoo K7||Submachine Gun||Used by 911 Para-Commando Special Forces.|
|Israel||Mini Uzi||Submachine Gun||Used by the Bodyguard Unit.|
|Germany||HK MP5A4||Submachine Gun||Used in small number by 911 Para-Commando Special Forces and by small number of Bodyguard Unit.|
|China||Type 79/85||Sniper Rifle||Recently received.|
|China||KBU-97A||Sniper Rifle||Recently received.|
|Soviet Union||RPK||Light Machine Gun|
|Soviet Union||RPD||Light Machine Gun|
|China||Type 56 LMG||Light Machine Gun||Standard issue|
|China||QBB-97 LSW||Light Machine Gun||Used by 911 Para-Commando Special Forces.|
|Soviet Union||PKM||General-purpose machine gun|
|China||Type 80||General Purpose Machine Gun||Standard issue|
|Soviet Union||DShKM||Heavy Machine Gun||Being replaced by W85 machine gun on ground troops, tripod mount. Remain in use on main battle tank.|
|China||Type 54 HMG||Heavy Machine Gun||Being replaced by W85 machine gun on ground troops, tripod mount. Remain in use on main battle tank.|
|China||Type 77||Heavy Machine Gun|
|China||W85||Heavy Machine Gun||Standard issue|
|Soviet Union||RPG-2||Rocket-Propelled Grenade||Standard issue|
|Soviet Union||RPG-7V2||Rocket-Propelled Grenade|
|China||Type 56 RPG||Rocket-Propelled Grenade||Standard issue|
|China||Type 69 RPG||Rocket-Propelled Grenade||Standard issue|
|China||PF-89||Light Anti-tank Rocket||Standard issue New infantry Anti-tank Rocket Launcher|
|Germany||Armbrust||Light Anti-tank Rocket||Standard issue|
|Soviet Union||SA-7 Grail||Man-Portable Air-Defense Systems||Standard issue|
|China||HN-5||Man-Portable Air-Defense Systems||Standard issue|
|China||FN-6||Man-Portable Air-Defense Systems||Standard issue|
|China||FN-12/16||Man-Portable Air-Defense Systems||Standard issue, Advance version of the FN-6.|
|United States||M79||Grenade Launcher||FANK's main grenade launcher.|
|United States||M203||Grenade Launcher||Attach on the M16A1 rifle, former FANK's grenade launcher.|
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The RCAF has sent RCAF personnel to various hotspots as part of the Kingdom of Cambodia's role as a member of the United Nations. Mostly engineers and logistical units, as well as Military Police and members of the paramilitary Armed Police have been sent to peacekeeping operations such as:
- Cambodian Civil War
- Khmer National Army
- Khmer National Armed Forces
- Royal Cambodian Armed Forces
- Royal Cambodian Air Force
- Royal Cambodian Navy
- Weapons of the Cambodian Civil War
- Anthony H. Cordesman; Robert Hammond (16 May 2011), THE MILITARY BALANCE IN ASIA: 1990-2011 (PDF), Center for Strategic and International Studies, p. 70, retrieved 27 June 2011
- SIPRI Trade Registers, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, retrieved 27 June 2011
- "Cambodian Army Land Forces Equipment". ArmyRecognition.com. Retrieved 27 June 2011.[unreliable source?]
- Bofors 40 mm#Users
- Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35 edition (27 January 2009). ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5.
- Christina Wille, How Many Weapons are there in Cambodia? (PDF), Small Arms Survey
- "Cikal Bakal Senapan Serbu Nasional". Alutsista Dalam Negeri (in Indonesian). Indonesia: 38–39.
- "Report: Profiling the Small Arms Industry - World Policy Institute - Research Project". World Policy Institute. November 2000. Retrieved 15 July 2010.
- "QBZ97自动步枪". Retrieved 16 January 2008.
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