Cambodian Canadians

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Cambodian Canadians
Total population
38,490[1]
(0.1% of Canada's population)
Regions with significant populations
Quebec, Ontario, Alberta
Languages
Khmer, Quebec French, Cambodian French, Canadian English
Religion
Theravada Buddhism, Roman Catholic
Related ethnic groups
Cambodians, Cambodian Americans

Cambodian Canadians are Canadians of Cambodian ethnic origin or descent. There are a total of 38,490 Canadian Cambodians,[1] most of whom reside in Toronto and Montreal.

Aside from their primary language of Khmer, many Cambodians are known to also speak French and English. Buddhism, Catholicism and Christianity are common religions among Cambodian-Canadians.

History[edit]

During the Cambodian genocide of 1975-1979, nearly two million Cambodians were enslaved and forced into unpaid labors under the tyranny of the Khmer Rouge regime, by which they were brutally tortured, massacred, and discriminated against at large. The tragedies and destruction from this period resulted in a large wave of Cambodian refugees, most of whom migrated to Canada, the U.S., France and Australia. In 1981, there were 13,000 Cambodian-Canadian Refugees,[2] with most of the population settling into major cities such as Montreal, Toronto, Ottawa, Calgary, Edmonton and Quebec City. The Jane and Finch neighborhood of Toronto boasts a visible Cambodian population, in which they make up about 4% of the community.[3] By 2016, the number of Cambodians in Canada had risen to 38,490.[1]

Religion[edit]

Cambodians are generally known as advocates of Buddhism, following a syncretic blend of Buddhist traditions and the teachings of various ethnic religions. The Cambodian communities of Canada annually celebrate their New Year in April, and Ancestors' Day in October. Other notable celebrations include Victory Day and those revolving around Cambodian arts and music.

The festival of Ancestors' Day, or "Pchum Ben", is the remembrance of the deceased. On this day is when Cambodians pay their respects to deceased relatives and ancestors.

Organizations[edit]

In 1979, elder members of the Cambodian-Canadian community established the CCAO (Cambodian-Canadian Association of Ontario); other community organizations of Cambodian foundation include the Khmer Buddhist Group.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity Highlight Tables". statcan.gc.ca.
  2. ^ "Cambodia Migration and Refugees - Flags, Maps, Economy, History, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System". www.photius.com.
  3. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "2011 National Household Survey Profile - Census tract". www12.statcan.gc.ca.