Cambodian general election, 2018

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Cambodian general election, 2018

← 2013 29 July 2018 2023 →

All 125 seats to the National Assembly
63 seats needed for a majority
Registered8,380,217 Decrease 13.39%
Turnout6,956,900 (83.02%) Increase 13.41%
  First party
  Hun Sen (2016) cropped.jpg
Leader Hun Sen
Party CPP
Leader since 14 January 1985
Leader's seat Kandal
Last election 68 seats, 48.83%
Seats won 125
Seat change Increase 57
Popular vote 4,889,113
Percentage 76.85%
Swing Increase 28.02%

Cambodian General Election, 2008.svg

Prime Minister before election

Hun Sen
CPP

Elected Prime Minister

Hun Sen
CPP

Royal arms of Cambodia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Cambodia
Foreign relations

General elections (Khmer: ការបោះឆ្នោតជ្រើសតាំងតំណាងរាស្ត្រ នីតិកាលទី៦ ឆ្នាំ២០១៨) were held in Cambodia on Sunday, 29 July 2018 to elect members of the sixth National Assembly. Polling precincts opened at 7:00 a.m. and closed at 3:00 p.m. The number of registered voters has decreased for the first time since 1993 and was down 13.39% from the previous general election. Voter turnout was 83.02%. With the absence of a credible opposition, the election was viewed as merely a formality, and dismissed as a "sham election" by the international community.[1][2] It resulted in a widely expected landslide victory for the ruling Cambodian People's Party, who won all 125 seats in the National Assembly.[3]

Background[edit]

The previous election of 28 July 2013, saw the fourth consecutive victory of the Cambodian People's Party, gaining 68 seats of the National Assembly and the opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party occupying the rest of the 55 seats. Despite their huge gain in seats, the opposition denied the results and accused the ruling party of poll fraud. As a result, the CNRP boycotted parliament in September 2013 and vows not to enter parliament until a legitimate electoral reform.[4] The disputed election results led to the outbreak of widespread anti-government protests.[5]

On 10 April 2014, prime minister Hun Sen agreed to hold the election five months early in February 2018. The opposition however rejected and wants the election to be held as early as 2015 or mid 2016.[6] On 22 July 2014, the political crisis officially ended and the opposition agreed to accept their seats in parliament. The next election was also agreed to be held in 2018.[7] As of November 2015, Sam Rainsy is barred from contesting the 2018 election, having been stripped from parliamentary immunity, and barred from returning to Cambodia.[8] His request for a royal pardon was blocked by Prime Minister Hun Sen.[9] In December 2016, his deputy Kem Sokha replaced him as Minority Leader.[10]

On 11 February 2017, Sam Rainsy announced his resignation as President of the Cambodia National Rescue Party, and was replaced by his deputy Kem Sokha.[11] On 3 September, Sokha was arrested and charged of "treason", raising questions about the party's future.[12] Another act of repression by the government was the closure of the Cambodia Daily newspaper.[13] On 16 November 2017, the opposition CNRP was dissolved, eliminating any real challenge to the long-ruling CPP.[1] Its seats in parliament were distributed to three other parties.[14]

Results[edit]

The legitimacy of the 2018 election has been called into question by various commentators and media outlets.[15][16] There were a record number of invalid ballots, accounting for 8.6% of the total votes cast, more than any votes received by a political party barring the CPP.[17] Various international governments including Australia, Canada, the European Union, and the United States dismissed the election results, and threatened to impose sanctions on Hun Sen's government.[18] China, the Philippines, Laos and Thailand were among the countries to congratulate the CPP on their victory.[19] Meanwhile the former opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party accused the National Election Committee of misleading the number of voter turnout.[20]

Assemblee cambodge 2018.svg
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Cambodian People's Party 4,889,113 76.85 125 +57
FUNCINPEC 374,510 5.89 0 0
League for Democracy Party 309,364 4.86 0 0
Khmer Will Party 212,869 3.35 0 New
Khmer National United Party 99,377 1.56 0 New
Grassroots Democratic Party 70,567 1.11 0 New
Beehive Social Democratic Party 56,024 0.88 0 New
Khmer Anti-Poverty Party 55,298 0.87 0 0
Khmer United Party 48,785 0.77 0 New
Cambodian Nationality Party 45,370 0.71 0 0
Khmer Republican Party 41,631 0.65 0 New
Cambodian Youth Party 39,333 0.62 0 New
Dharmacracy Party 29,060 0.46 0 New
Khmer Economic Development Party 23,255 0.37 0 0
Khmer Rise Party 22,002 0.35 0 New
Ponleu Thmey Party 13,509 0.21 0 New
Cambodia Indigenous People's Democracy Party 10,197 0.16 0 New
Our Motherland Party 9,174 0.14 0 New
Democratic Republican Party 8,591 0.14 0 0
Reaksmey Khemara Party 4,212 0.07 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 594,659
Total 6,956,900 100 125 +2
Registered voters/turnout 8,380,217 83.02
Source: National Election Committee
125
CPP

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Supreme Court rules to dissolve CNRP". The Phnom Penh Post. 16 November 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  2. ^ "Rights Groups Call Out Cambodia's 'Sham' Election". VOA Cambodia. Voice of America. 29 July 2018.
  3. ^ "Hun Sen's CPP wins all parliamentary seats in Cambodia election". Al Jazeera. 15 August 2018.
  4. ^ Heng Reaksmey and Men Kimseng (7 March 2014). "Opposition Standing Firm on Election Reform Demand". Voice of America. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  5. ^ Dara, Mech (23 December 2013). "CNRP Holds Biggest Demonstration in Decades". The Cambodia Daily. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  6. ^ "Hun Sen Agrees to Hold Early Election, Wants Deal Signed Before King". Radio Free Asia. 10 April 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
  7. ^ "Political deadlock broken". The Phnom Penh Post. 22 July 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
  8. ^ "Rainsy Pledges to Return Home Before 2018 National Election". The Cambodia Daily. 21 December 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
  9. ^ "Hun Sen Rejects CNRP Request for Pardons". The Cambodia Daily. 14 October 2016. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
  10. ^ "Sokha to Replace Rainsy in Parliamentary Position". The Cambodia Daily. 6 December 2016. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  11. ^ Prak Chan Thul (11 February 2017). "Cambodia opposition leader Rainsy resigns from party". Reuters. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  12. ^ "Cambodia Arrests Opposition Leader, Accusing Him of Treason". The New York Times. 3 September 2017. Retrieved 8 September 2017.
  13. ^ "Cambodia's government is preparing for elections with repression". The Economist. 7 September 2017.
  14. ^ "List of new National Assembly members approved". The Phnom Penh Post. 24 November 2017. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  15. ^ "Cambodia election: Ruling party claims landslide in vote with no main opposition". BBC News. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  16. ^ Beech, Hannah. "Cambodia Votes for a Leader, With the Result Predetermined by One". New York Times. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  17. ^ "Spoilt Cambodian ballot papers seen as protest over 'sham' election". Reuters. 30 July 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  18. ^ "International Community Condemns Cambodia Elections as 'Setback to Democracy'". Voice of America. 30 July 2018. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  19. ^ "China says foreigners should not interfere in Cambodia after election". Reuters. 2 August 2018. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  20. ^ "Former Cambodia Opposition Rejects Election Results". Voice of America. 30 July 2018. Retrieved 3 August 2018.