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Cambois Fishing Fleet^ - - 742398.jpg
Cambois Fishing Fleet
Cambois is located in Northumberland
Location within Northumberland
OS grid referenceNZ305835
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBLYTH
Postcode districtNE24
Dialling code01670
AmbulanceNorth East
UK Parliament
List of places
55°08′42″N 1°31′16″W / 55.145°N 1.521°W / 55.145; -1.521Coordinates: 55°08′42″N 1°31′16″W / 55.145°N 1.521°W / 55.145; -1.521

Cambois (/ˈkæməs/ KAM-əs) is a village in south-east Northumberland, England.[1][2] It is situated on the north side of the estuary of the River Blyth between Blyth and Ashington on the North Sea coast.


According to earlier scholarship, the etymology of the name is probably Gaelic cambas 'bay, creek'.[3] However, the name could equally be from the Cumbric cognate of cambas, *camas 'bend in a river, bay', which would fit with Cambois's location at the confluence of Sleek Burn and the River Blyth. In either case, the spelling seems to have been influenced by French bois 'wood'.[4]


Winding wheel from the Old Cambois Colliery

Cambois was a township in Bedlingtonshire which, until 1844, was part of County Durham. It was a coal mining village from 1862 to week ending 20 April 1968 when Cambois Colliery closed.

Cambois is now closely related to the area known as North Blyth. The main commercial activity was the importation of alumina for the manufacture of aluminium at Lynemouth, but that smelter has now closed. Alumina is still imported and moved by rail to the smelter at Lochaber, near Fort William on the west coast of Scotland.

In 1883, the Coal Company gave a list of the property it owned, or leased:

North Blyth Staithes 7 houses
Mr Moore, colliery Manager 1 house
Mood & Scott 2 houses
Stable Cottage 1 house
Schoolmaster's House (at Boca Chica) 1 house
Sea View 12 houses
Quality Row 18 houses
Sinker's Row 20 houses
Chapel Row 20 houses
Mawburn Terrace 30 houses
Gee's Houses 30 houses
Watergate 29 houses
Cowgate 26 houses
Bridge Street 40 houses
Boca Chica 46 houses
Boat House Terrace 46 houses
Mr Freeman 5 houses
New Cottages 18 houses
Store Row
Institute Row 3 houses


  1. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 81 Alnwick & Morpeth (Rothbury & Amble) (Map). Ordnance Survey. 2014. ISBN 9780319242094.
  2. ^ "Ordnance Survey: 1:50,000 Scale Gazetteer" (csv (download)). Ordnance Survey. 1 January 2016. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  3. ^ Bethany Fox, 'The P-Celtic Place-Names of North-East England and South-East Scotland', The Heroic Age, 10 (2007), (appendix at; "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 February 2010. Retrieved 30 November 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Bethany Fox, 'The P-Celtic Place-Names of North-East England and South-East Scotland', The Heroic Age, 10 (2007), (appendix at

External links[edit]

Media related to Cambois at Wikimedia Commons