Cambridge Greensand

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Cambridge Greensand
Stratigraphic range: Early Cretaceous
Type Geological formation
Region Europe

The Cambridge Greensand is a geological formation in England whose strata date back to the Early Cretaceous. Dinosaur remains are among the fossils that have been recovered from the formation.[1]

Vertebrate paleofauna[edit]



Enaliornis barretti - "Braincases, vertebrae, pelvis [and] limb elements.."[2]

Enaliornis sedgwicki - "Hindlimb elements."[2]

Enaliornis seeleyi - "Assorted cranial and postcranial elements"


Anoplosaurus curtonotus - "Partial postcranium."[3]

Anoplosaurus major - "Cervical vertebrae."[3] "Vertebrae."[4]

Acanthopholis eucercus - "[Two] caudal centra."[3]

Acanthopholis platypus (in part) - "Phalanx, caudal centra."[3]

Acanthopholis macrocercus (aka Syngonosaurus) - "Osteoderms."[3] "Vertebrae, fragmentary skeleton elements."[4]

Acanthopholis stereocercus - "Osteoderms."[3] "Vertebrae."[4]

Eucercosaurus tanyspondylus - "Vertebrae."[3]

Trachodon cantabrigiensis - "Dentary tooth."[5]


Acanthopholis platypus (in part) - "Metatarsals I-V."[6]

Macrurosaurus semnus - "Caudal vertebrae"[6]



Amblydectes crassidens

Amblydectes eurygnathus

Camposipterus colorhinus

Camposipterus nasutus

Camposipterus sedgwickii

Lonchodraco machaerorhynchus

Lonchodraco microdon

Ornithocheirus simus

"Ornithocheirus" capito

"Ornithocheirus" denticulatus

"Ornithocheirus" platystomus

"Ornithocheirus" polyodon

Ornithostoma sedgwicki



Cetarthrosaurus walkeri

Platypterygius campylodon

Sisteronia seeleyi

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Weishampel, David B; et al. (2004). "Dinosaur distribution (Early Cretaceous, Europe)." In: Weishampel, David B.; Dodson, Peter; and Osmólska, Halszka (eds.): The Dinosauria, 2nd, Berkeley: University of California Press. Pp. 556-563. ISBN 0-520-24209-2.
  2. ^ a b "Table 11.1," in Weishampel, et al. (2004). Page 215.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Table 17.1," in Weishampel, et al. (2004). Page 367.
  4. ^ a b c "Table 19.1," in Weishampel, et al. (2004). Page 417.
  5. ^ "Table 20.1," in Weishampel, et al. (2004). Page 443.
  6. ^ a b "Table 13.1," in Weishampel, et al. (2004). Page 270.
  7. ^ Taissa Rodrigues and Alexander Wilhelm Armin Kellner (2013). "Taxonomic review of the Ornithocheirus complex (Pterosauria) from the Cretaceous of England". ZooKeys 308: 1–112. doi:10.3897/zookeys.308.5559. 
  8. ^ Unwin D.M., 2001, "An overview of the pterosaur assemblage from the Cambridge Greensand (Cretaceous) of Eastern England", Mitteilungen aus dem Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin, Geowissenschaftliche Reihe 4: 189–221
  9. ^ Averianov, A.O. (2012). "Ornithostoma sedgwicki – valid taxon of azhdarchoid pterosaurs." Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS, 316(1): 40–49.
  10. ^ Valentin Fischer, Nathalie Bardet, Myette Guiomar and Pascal Godefroit (2014). "High Diversity in Cretaceous Ichthyosaurs from Europe Prior to Their Extinction". PLoS ONE 9 (1): e84709. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084709.