|Full name||SC Cambuur|
|Founded||19 June 1964|
|Manager||Henk de Jong|
SC Cambuur (Dutch pronunciation: [ɛsˈseː ˈkɑmbyːr]), formed on 19 June 1964, is a Dutch football club from Leeuwarden, currently playing in the Dutch Eredivisie. The home ground of the club is the Cambuur Stadion, which has 10,000 seats. The club usually plays in yellow shirts and blue shorts. The origin of the club's emblem is the coat of arms of the House of Cammingha, which was a Frisian noble family.
- 1 History
- 2 Honours
- 3 Supporters
- 4 Rivals
- 5 Current squad
- 6 Managers
- 7 Recent history
- 8 See also
- 9 External links
Founded in 1964, SC Cambuur so far has played five seasons in the Eredivisie. In 2000 the club relegated to the Eerste Divisie. In the eighties and nineties the club was a regular contender in the Eerste Divisie playoffs. Cambuur won the Eerste Divisie title in 1992, but relegated in two seasons. In 1998 the club promoted back to the Eredivisie, but just like the previous time the Leeuwarder football club relegated after two years on the highest level. Troubled times followed which brought the folk club close to bankruptcy in 2005. The rebuilding started in 2006 and since 2010 the club is finally in somewhat stable financial condition. This lead to another championship in the 2012/2013 season, when SC Cambuur became champions of the Jupiler League. Several consecutive seasons in the division has given a sharp rise in the club's popularity.
In 2009 the club almost won the playoff against Eredivisie side Roda JC, only losing on penalties. In 2010 the club came in second, again just missing promotion. Cambuur welcomed during these play-offs more than 40,000 spectators in just two weeks. Another estimated 7,000 fans watched the final play-off match against Roda JC on a big screen in the city centre of the city of Leeuwarden. More than 1,400,000 people watched the final play-off match on television, which appeared to be another record for a play-off promotion match in the Netherlands. In total more than 4,500,000 people watched the play-off matches between Cambuur, PEC Zwolle and Roda JC on television that year. In 2013 Cambuur secured the championship of the Jupiler League.
- Eerste Divisie
- Winner: 1992, 2013
- Runners-up: 1997, 1998, 2010
- Tweede Divisie
- Winner: 1957, 1965
- Promoted to Eredivisie
- Promotion: 1992, 1998, 2013
Cambuur has a group of ultras, known as the M.I.-Side, who stand on the North and South stands at the Cambuur Stadion. The name derives from the street names in which the stands are built: M stands for Marathonstraat and I for Insulindestraat. Most of the hardcore fans of SC Cambuur are sitting close to the stand of the away fans on the northern side of the stadium. They are among the most notorious in the Netherlands. In the 2009/2010 season, the average attendance was 8,600 fans per game, and more than 6,500 season tickets were sold. That was a new record for SC Cambuur as these numbers were achieved while the club was in the second division but even higher than when it played in the Eredivisie. In the 2009/2010 season the club sold out six regular season matches with 10,000 fans per game, another milestone for the Leeuwarden-based club. Never before in the second division it had sold out that many regular season matches.
SC Cambuurs biggest rival is SC Heerenveen, both are from the same region. The origin of this rivalry comes from when SC Cambuurs predecessor vv. Leeuwarden was the city's biggest club. Both teams where the wealthiest and biggest football clubs of the Province of Friesland. After vv Leeuwarden got declared bankrupt en returned to a lower tier of the Dutch football system the people of Leeuwarden felt that the provincial capital needs a football club at a high football league tier. Because of that SC Cambuur was established in 1964. SC Cambuur entered the third tier football league of the Netherlands, the Tweede Divisie and immediately defeated their inherited arch rival twice, while also securing the championship of the Tweede Divisie.
Eerste divisie level
After both SC Cambuur and SC Heerenveen had been promoted to the Eerste Divisie the race for who would be the first team to get promoted to the Dutch Eredivisie had begun. SC Heerenveen was the first to promote to the Eredivisie through the play-off system, which was a feat they celebrated showing a banner saying "never again SC Cambuur". This only lasted a year; immediately after promoting to the Eredivisie, they relegated back to the Eerste divisie. A year after that SC Cambuur promoted to the Eredivisie by becoming champions of the Eerste Divisie, which is something SC Heerenveen has never accomplished to this day.
Up till this point SC Cambuur had been considered the biggest and wealthiest football club of Friesland, but that changed when SC Heerenveen promoted for the second time using the province heritage as a way to gather more support and wealth slowly but surely creating a gap between the two clubs. A certain match in the year 2000 showed the difference of the two football clubs, which SC Heerenveen won away at SC Cambuur, in which they secured Champions League football, and SC Cambuur was on the brink of relegation. SC Cambuur did eventually relegate and it would take 14 years for the next match between those two rivals to occur again.
A derbyless era; a deep fall and the road back
Between 30 April 2000 and 29 September 2013, there would be no football match between these two teams. As SC Heerenveen established themselves as a team often competing for European football, SC Cambuur struggled for many years both financially and competitively, with the absolute lowest point being in 2005, where SC Cambuur carried the so-called red lantern of the Eerste Divisie. It would take till 2009 before SC Cambuur started competing for promotion once more. At long last in 2013 SC Cambuur secured the championship of the Eerste Divisie and returned to the Eredivisie after 13 years of absence, which also meant that the derby between SC Cambuur and SC Heerenveen was restored.
SC Cambuur is a club from the biggest city of the province, Leeuwarden and thus represents the city, SC Heerenveen is from a smaller city, often called a village. SC Heerenveen represents the countryside of the province.
The province of Friesland has its own language, folklore, culture and some nationalistic feelings. Ever since SC Heerenveen adopted Frisian culture as the clubs culture SC Cambuur moved away, especially as the city of Leeuwarden has a very low proportion of Frisian-speaking people; most of them consider themselves to be Dutch or Liwaddes. In the countryside, however, the idea of being Frisian is much stronger concept. Often people in small villages speak Frisian, while in Leeuwarden, Dutch is the most spoken language. This causes more friction; a good example for this was on 29 September 2013, when the away supporters of SC Cambuur showed Dutch flags and used whistles to disturb the Frisian anthem, which is also used as SC Heerenveen official club song.
The rivalry with FC Groningen is less severe, and is more of an interesting match because the teams are from the two biggest cities of the northern region. It has also been dubbed as the battle between the northern cities, a rivalry which goes back to the medieval times, when both cities tried to out-build each other with towers.
Some FC groningen supporters still hate SC Cambuur for relegating them in 1998, however most supporters of both teams have a friendly relationship with the supporters of the other team, because of the shared youth academy and their mutual hate for SC Heerenveen.
PEC Zwolle and Go Ahead Eagles
This is a rivalry which originated from the times all three played in the Eerste Divisie, with Go Ahead Eagles and PEC Zwolle having the Ijselderby between them. SC Cambuur developed a rivalry with both because of the amount of support all three clubs had; they were one of the biggest clubs in the Eerste divisie, which caused tension, and for SC Cambuur it was because of the absence of SC Heerenveen and FC Groningen. With the return to the top flight the rivalries have lessened with these teams, and because Go Ahead Eagles had helped them win the championship in 2013, SC Cambuur supporters grew more sympathy towards Go Ahead Eagles.
As of 3 July 2015
For recent transfers, see List of Dutch football transfers summer 2015
Below is a table with Cambuur's domestic results since the introduction of professional football in 1956.
|Domestic Results since 1956|
|Domestic league||League result||Qualification to||KNVB Cup season||Cup result|
|2014–15 Eredivisie||12th||–||2014–15||quarter finals|
|2013–14 Eredivisie||12th||–||2013–14||round of 16|
|2012–13 Eerste Divisie||1st||Eredivisie (promotion)||2012-13||Round of 16|
|2011–12 Eerste Divisie||7th||promotion/relegation play-offs: no promotion||2011–12||second round|
|2010–11 Eerste Divisie||5th||promotion/relegation play-offs: no promotion||2010–11||fourth round|
|2009–10 Eerste Divisie||2nd||promotion/relegation play-offs: no promotion||2009–10||second round|
|2008–09 Eerste Divisie||3rd||promotion/relegation play-offs: no promotion||2008–09||third round|
|2007–08 Eerste Divisie||17th||–||2007–08||third round|
|2006–07 Eerste Divisie||12th||–||2006–07||second round|
|2005–06 Eerste Divisie||15th||–||2005–06||second round|
|2004–05 Eerste Divisie||9th||–||2004–05||second round|
|2003–04 Eerste Divisie||17th||–||2003–04||third round|
|2002–03 Eerste Divisie||11th||–||2002–03||second round|
|2001–02 Eerste Divisie||7th||promotion/relegation play-offs: no promotion||2001–02||third round|
|2000–01 Eerste Divisie||4th||promotion/relegation play-offs: no promotion||2000–01||third round|
|1999–2000 Eredivisie||17th||Eerste Divisie (losing promo./releg. play-off)||1999–2000||second round|
|1998–99 Eredivisie||15th||–||1998–99||round of 16|
|1997–98 Eerste Divisie||2nd||Eredivisie (winning promo./releg. play-off)||1997–98||second round|
|1996–97 Eerste Divisie||2nd||promotion/relegation play-off: no promotion||1996–97||second round|
|1995–96 Eerste Divisie||6th||–||1995–96||quarter finals|
|1994–95 Eerste Divisie||7th||–||1994–95||second round|
|1993–94 Eredivisie||18th||Eerste Divisie (relegation)||1993–94||second round|
|1992–93 Eredivisie||14th||–||1992–93||third round|
|1991–92 Eerste Divisie||1st||Eredivisie (promotion)||1991–92||third round|
|1990–91 Eerste Divisie||11th||–||1990–91||second round|
|1989–90 Eerste Divisie||11th||–||1989–90||first round|
|1988–89 Eerste Divisie||11th||–||1988–89||first round|
|1987–88 Eerste Divisie||11th||–||1987–88||second round|
|1986–87 Eerste Divisie||3rd||promotion competition: no promotion||1986–87||first round|
|1985–86 Eerste Divisie||19th||–||1985–86||first round|
|1984–85 Eerste Divisie||9th||–||1984–85||second round|
|1983–84 Eerste Divisie||4th||–||1983–84||first round|
|1982–83 Eerste Divisie||5th||promotion competition: no promotion||1982–83||second round|
|1981–82 Eerste Divisie||11th||–||1981–82||second round|
|1980–81 Eerste Divisie||9th||–||1980–81||first round|
|1979–80 Eerste Divisie||5th||promotion competition: no promotion||1979–80||second round|
|1978–79 Eerste Divisie||15th||–||1978–79||first round|
|1977–78 Eerste Divisie||12th||–||1977–78||second round|
|1976–77 Eerste Divisie||10th||–||1976–77||first round|
|1975–76 Eerste Divisie||11th||–||1975–76||first round|
|1974–75 Eerste Divisie||13th||–||1974–75||second round|
|1973–74 Eerste Divisie||11th||–||1973–74||first round|
|1972–73 Eerste Divisie||7th||–||1972–73||first round|
|1971–72 Eerste Divisie||8th||–||1971–72||did not participate|
|1970–71 Eerste Divisie||4th||–||1970–71||round of 16|
|1969–70 Eerste Divisie||8th||–||1969–70||first round|
|1968–69 Eerste Divisie||4th||–||1968–69||first round|
|1967–68 Eerste Divisie||9th||–||1967–68||group stage|
|1966–67 Eerste Divisie||4th||–||1966–67||first round|
|1965–66 Eerste Divisie||9th||–||1965–66||group stage|
|1964–65 Tweede Divisie||1st (winning championship play-off)||Eerste Divisie (promotion)||1964–65||first round|
|1963–64 Tweede Divisie||9th (group A) (as VV Leeuwarden)||–||1963–64||first round|
|1962–63 Tweede Divisie||7th (group A) (as VV Leeuwarden)||–||1962–63||first round|
|1961–62 Eerste Divisie||13th (group A) (as VV Leeuwarden)||Tweede Divisie (relegation)||1961–62||?|
|1960–61 Eerste Divisie||10th (group A) (as VV Leeuwarden)||–||1960–61||?|
|1959–60 Eerste Divisie||6th (group B) (as VV Leeuwarden)||–||not held||not held|
|1958–59 Eerste Divisie||2nd (group A) (as VV Leeuwarden)||–||1958–59||?|
|1957–58 Eerste Divisie||3rd (group B) (as VV Leeuwarden)||–||1957–58||?|
|1956–57 Tweede Divisie||1st (group A) (as VV Leeuwarden)||Eerste Divisie (promotion)||1956–57||?|