Camco Drum Company
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|Fate||Assets purchased by Drum Workshop and Tama Drums|
|Products||drums, drum hardware, percussion|
During its roughly 17-year history, the company had three different locations - Oak Lawn, Illinois, from 1961 until 1971, Chanute, Kansas (when they were briefly owned by Kustom) from 1971 till 1973 and then finally in Los Angeles until 1977/78 and the company's demise. The drums were easily identified by George Way's distinctive round lug design and the so-called "cloud" badge, which was used throughout the company's history, except for a brief two-year period (roughly from 1969 to 1971) when an oval badge was sometimes used.
In the 1960s, unlike the major American drum companies like Ludwig, Gretsch, Rogers and Slingerland, Camco almost entirely missed the rock music wave, picking up only a small handful of high-profile rock players like Dennis Wilson of the Beach Boys and Doug Clifford of Creedence Clearwater Revival. This lapse meant the brand laboured under a slightly old-fashioned image and almost certainly sowed the seeds for its later demise.
As the company was attracting predominantly endorsers from a jazz background such as Tijuana Brass' Nick Ceroli, much of the company's output during the 1960s tended towards small four or five-piece kits in comparatively small sizes, in marked contrast to their competitors, who were marketing kits of multiple drums in bigger sizes to compete with the huge increase in rock band amplification.
Camco drum shells during the Oak Lawn and Chanute periods tended to be either three or four ply with glue rings. When they moved to Los Angeles, the company changed shell manufacturers and opted for a six ply with glue ring construction. Though quite different in sound, both periods have their fans. Most collectors tend to favour the Oak Lawn period, simply because these were the original drums (and to an extent Chanute, which used the same shells as when the company was in Oak Lawn). Pre-LA the drums would have white-painted interiors if there was a plastic wrapped exterior and a clear lacquered interior if the outer was also a lacquer finish. LA shells always had clear lacquered interiors regardless of their exterior finish.
The legendary Jim Gordon who played as a top session drummer during the late 1960s and early 1970s period (with John Lennon, George Harrison, Steve Winwood's Traffic, Eric Clapton's Derek & the Dominos, Carly Simon, Frank Zappa, Jackson Browne and a large number of high level musicians and projects) used to play a Walnut Stain finish Camco drum kit, as did Mike Botts (Bread).
During the 1970s, the new design LA Camco drums became the studio drum of choice for many, particularly on the US west coast with session advocates like Jeff Porcaro, and, with some efforts being made at export, even made an impression on the British and European scenes with players like Dave Mattacks (Fairport Convention, session musician) and Bob Henrit (Argent, The Kinks) and in Australia with players like Warren Daly of the jazz ensemble, Daly-Wilson Big Band.
In the 1975 Alice Cooper concert film Welcome To My Nightmare, Alice's Finnish-born drummer Pentti "Whitey" Glan plays a white lacquer finish double bass "Los Angeles" era Camco drum kit. This set was interesting as both bass drums were set up horizontally, like floor toms. The finish became known as "Alice Cooper White".
In 1977, Drum Workshop (DW) and Hoshino Gakki (the parent company of Tama Drums) jointly purchased Camco's assets. DW would receive Camco's inventory and manufacturing equipment, while Tama would receive the Camco name, the original design blueprints, and engineering rights.
Tama briefly used the Camco name in the late 1970s for so-called Tama/Camco drum kits which varied between US-made Camco shells and sometimes Japanese-made shells with a rounded lug similar, though not the same, as the Camco lugs. They also produced, more famously, a "Camco by Tama" bass drum pedal which utilised Frank Ippolito's modified-Camco chain-drive pedal drive and this design has since become an industry standard for most bass drum pedals. Tama re-issued the now classic pedal in 2011.
Drum Workshop adopted George Way's original round lug design with virtually no change and uses the iconic lugs to this day.
Camco drums are now highly attractive to collectors and players alike and achieve some of the highest prices in the vintage drum market. Even now, decades after the company closed, some contemporary musicians, like highly rated jazz player Jeff Ballard and British session player Chris Whitten, continue to use vintage Camco kits.