Camelinae

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Camelinae
Temporal range: Eocene–Recent
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Camelidae
Subfamily: Camelinae
Zittel, 1893
Tribes

Camelinae is a subfamily of terrestrial herbivore of the family Camelidae, endemic to Asia, Eurasia, South America, North America, and Africa appearing during the Eocene 38 mya, existing for approximately 38 million years.[1]

Camelinae include the tribes Camelini and Lamini. A third tribe, Camelopini, created by S. D. Webb (1965), was formerly included, but was discarded by J. A. Harrison (1979) after it was shown to be polyphyletic: it consisted of the genera Camelops and Megatylopus, which were moved to Lamini and Camelini respectively.[2]

Taxonomy[edit]

Camelinae was named by Gray (1821). Its type is Camelus. It was assigned to Camelidae by Stanley et al. (1994) and Ruez (2005).[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ PaleoBiology Database: Camelinae, basic info
  2. ^ Harrison, J. A (1979). "Revision of the Camelinae (Artiodactyla, Tylopoda) and description of the new genus Alforjas". University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions. 95 (4): 1–28. hdl:1808/3664. 
  3. ^ D. R. Ruez. 2005. Earliest record of Palaeolama (Mammalia, Camelidae) with comments on "Palaeolama" guanajuatensis. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 25(3):741-744