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A 16th-century drawing of Egeria by Guillaume Rouille

In Roman mythology, the Camenae (/kəˈmn/; also Casmenae, Camoenae) were originally goddesses of childbirth, wells and fountains, and also prophetic deities.

List of Camenae[edit]

There were four Camenae:

The last two were sometimes specifically referred to as the Carmentae and in ancient times might have been two aspects of Carmenta rather than separate figures; in later times, however, they are distinct beings believed to protect women in labor.

Carmenta was chief among the nymphs. Her festival day, the Carmentalia, featured water ritually drawn by Vestal Virgins from the spring outside the Porta Capena.

The Camenae were later identified with the Greek Muses; in his translation of Homer's Odyssey, Livius Andronicus rendered the Greek word Mousa as Camena and Horace refers to poetic inspiration as the "soft breath of the Greek Camena" (spiritum Graiae tenuem Camenae) in Odes II.16.

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